Giada Gerboni: The incredible potential of flexible, soft robots
Giada Gerboni works in surgical robotics, supporting surgeons with new flexible robotic devices in order to make once impossible operations a reality. Full bio
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with minimal error,
to watch them at work.
out of the factories,
perfectly known and measured like here,
which doesn't require much precision,
you don't require much precision.
most of the time.
to emphasize speed and precision,
into a very specific architecture.
set of rigid links
measure your environment,
program every movement
can generate a very large fault,
or you can get your robot damaged
about the brains of these robots
something wrong with it,
precise and strong
and ineffective in the real world,
with the real world.
anything else around you.
really able to do anything if you're soft,
of hydrostatic pressure,
with a much stiffer object than him.
this coconut shell
of his tentacles,
an octopus can also open a jar.
just by the brain of this animal,
maybe the clearest example,
that all living organisms have.
material and structure,
during a physical task,
variety of situations
or calculations ahead.
some of this embodied intelligence
on excessive work
the strategy of nature,
she's done a pretty good job
for environment interaction.
uses soft material frequently
in this new field or robotics,
is not to make super-precise machines,
unexpected situations in the real world,
is first of all its compliant body,
that can undergo very large deformations,
we use what we call distributed actuation,
the shape of this very deformable body,
of having a lot of links and joints,
any stiff structure at all.
a soft robot is a very different process
where you have links, gears, screws
in a very defined way.
your actuator from scratch
to a certain input.
you can just deform a structure
with rigid links and joints,
some cool examples of soft robots.
developed at Harvard University,
of pressure applied along its body,
he can also sneak under a low bridge,
a little bit different afterwards.
with power on board
and face real-world interactions
like a real fish does in water
with distributed actuation
of the first projects
of soft robots.
with several tentacles
and do submarine exploration
than rigid robots would do.
environments, such as coral reefs.
by my colleagues in Stanford.
it grows from the tip,
in firm contact with the environment.
by plants, not animals,
in a similar manner
variety of situations.
I like the most
a closer interaction with the human body
a minimally invasive procedure.
very helpful with the surgeon,
and straight instruments,
with very delicate structures
inside the surgical field
if you use a rigid stick,
soft camera robot for surgery,
from a classic endoscope,
to the flexibility of the module
and also elongate.
to see what they were doing
from different points of view,
about what was touched around.
not a real human body.
inside your body.
can even be done using a single needle,
on a very flexible needle,
to use the interaction with the tissues
many different targets, such as tumors,
the structure that you want to avoid
exciting time for robotics.
with soft structures,
and very challenging questions
to learn how to control,
on these very flexible structures.
to what nature figured out
ABOUT THE SPEAKERGiada Gerboni - Biomedical engineer
Giada Gerboni works in surgical robotics, supporting surgeons with new flexible robotic devices in order to make once impossible operations a reality.
Why you should listen
Giada Gerboni is a postdoctoral scholar at Stanford University, in the Collaborative Haptics and Robotics in Medicine (CHARM) Lab. Gerboni is working on the design and control of needle-sized flexible robots, work that aims to improve current percutaneous tumor ablation procedures. As she says: "One of the most exciting parts of this research is to enable surgical operations in ways that, not long ago, had not yet been conceived."
Gerboni received BE and MS degrees in biomedical engineering from the University of Pisa and a PhD in biorobotics from The BioRobotics Institute of Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies in Pisa, Italy. During her PhD, she specialized in surgical robotics, studying and developing innovative strategies for the actuation and sensing of soft and flexible instruments for applications in MIS (Minimally Invasive Surgery).
A new branch of robotics, called "soft robotics," is expanding the boundaries of robotic applications. Soft robotics faces the grand challenge of increasing the capabilities of robots to make them more suitable for physical interactions with the real world. It involves use of soft and flexible materials, deformable sensors and very different control strategies than traditional robots, which are designed to work in well-defined and confined environments. Gerboni has been involved in this field from the time of her PhD, and since then she has been exploring its potential in the medical/surgical area, where safe robot-environment interaction is crucial.
Giada Gerboni | Speaker | TED.com