Neri Oxman: Design at the intersection of technology and biology
Neri Oxman - Architect, designer
From the micro scale to the building scale, Neri Oxman imagines and creates structures and objects that are inspired, informed and engineered by, for and with nature. Full bio
the other is designed by her.
when he looked at raw marble,
our cells, we carry all the information
to function and to replicate.
the world of design has been dominated
and mass production.
a world made of parts,
of designers and architects
about their objects as assemblies
material assemblies in nature.
with large pores.
with small pores.
no parts, no assemblies.
varies its functionality
to represent my split world view,
and architect operating today
between assembly and growth,
my left brain and right brain,
on the two screens behind me.
or even five years ago?
is giving designers access to tools
complex forms with simple code;
letting us produce parts
rather than carving it out;
design the behavior of materials
functionality by editing DNA.
of these four fields,
and structures and tools across scales,
with an 80-foot diameter reach
one day soon print entire buildings,
of genetically engineered microorganisms
every aperture is uniquely sized
moving through it.
of creating a cape and skirt --
with Iris van Herpen --
that are made of a single part,
flexible around the waist.
3D printing collaborator Stratasys,
with no seams between the cells,
stiff and soft materials
analytic and synthetic tools,
not only the shape of our bodies,
makeup of our tissues.
turned to nature for inspiration,
out of 44 different properties,
on the human body.
varies its functionality
or another assembly,
varying material property.
in a religious Jewish home,
stories from the Hebrew Bible,
to define much of what I care about.
God commands the Earth
there was to be no differentiation
leaves and fruit.
that have bark and stems and flowers.
if objects were made of a single part?
state of creation?"
kind of material, and we found it.
on the planet is called chitin,
are produced every year
crabs, scorpions and butterflies.
that are multifunctional
and we produced chitosan paste.
a wide array of properties --
in large scale,
extrusion system with multiple nozzles.
material properties on the fly
made of a single material,
they're left to dry
upon contact with air.
designing with plastics?
of the printing process
3.5 billion year ago,
at Harvard and MIT,
that were genetically engineered
from the atmosphere
that would seamlessly transition
of synthetic biology,
made of shrimp shells
that behaves like a tree.
and they will nourish marine life;
and they will help grow a tree.
using the same design principles
of creating life-sustaining clothing
and be able to control their flow.
with our own table of the elements:
were computationally grown,
as liquid alchemy,
functionality inside very small channels.
in order to control the flow
we combined two microorganisms.
and in freshwater ponds.
that inhabits the human gut.
the other consumes that sugar
useful for the built environment.
never interact in nature.
engineered for the first time,
inside a piece of clothing.
not by natural selection,
that resembles the digestive tract,
and alter their function along the way.
these channels on the human body,
according to the desired functionality.
we would design more transparent channels.
when it's stretched end to end,
of a football field,
as our small intestines.
unveiled at TED --
inside a wearable clothing.
creatures, but only half made up."
that other half?
that would augment living matter?
repair damaged tissue
that was named after planets,
to speculate about the future
with lots of mystery
from the age of the machine
between our bodies,
to return back to nature.
prints material in layers.
close to this level of sophistication.
in different concentrations.
the other is the glue, or the matrix,
to the environment --
a compressive cocoon.
the two forces of life,
how this complex process works,
to the spinneret.
with magnetic sensors,
this 3-dimensional point cloud
of the silkworm cocoon.
the silkworm on a flat patch,
environments, different scaffolds,
the shape, the composition,
informed by the environment.
inside their cocoons,
in the textile industry.
allowed us to give shape to raw silk
to create these things.
to architectural scale.
the template out of silk,
toward darker and colder areas,
to reveal the distribution
of light and heat,
on the structure.
from an online silk farm.
they were ready to spin with us.
at the bottom rim of the scaffold,
they mate, they lay eggs,
just like us but much, much shorter.
is the great integrity,
over robotically spun silk,
pavilion its integrity.
the length of the Silk Road.
produce 1.5 million eggs.
additional pavilions for the future.
is to breathe life into the products
these two worldviews.
to the beginning.
a new age of creation,
a nature-inspired design
About the speaker:Neri Oxman - Architect, designer
From the micro scale to the building scale, Neri Oxman imagines and creates structures and objects that are inspired, informed and engineered by, for and with nature.
Why you should listen
Neri Oxman creates designs that usher the next building revolution by constructing products that transcend parts and assemblies. Head of the Mediated Matter research group at the MIT Media Lab, an architect and designer, she leads the search for ways in which digital fabrication technologies interact with natural environments and the biological world. Oxman’s approach, termed "Material Ecology," spans biology, computation, materials and digital fabrication. Her works are included in permanent collections in museums worldwide including the MoMA, Centre Pompidou, the Boston MFA and the Smithsonian Institution.
Neri Oxman | Speaker | TED.com