Juan Enriquez: What will humans look like in 100 years?
Juan Enriquez - Futurist
Juan Enriquez thinks and writes about the profound changes that genomics and other life sciences will bring in business, technology, politics and society. Full bio
the tools together to evolve ourselves.
and we can evolve plants
where we really have to ask,
and do we want to evolve human beings?
in the context of prosthetics,
in one of these battles.
of ruling with an iron fist comes from.
have been getting more and more useful,
and as you're thinking about that,
absolutely extraordinary prosthetics.
will go out and say,
do I want to climb?
or does somebody want to ballroom dance?
is they've been coming inside the body.
have now become artificial knees.
about a heart pacemaker as a prosthetic,
that isn't just, "I'm missing my leg,"
becomes a symbiotic relationship
that I've ever met --
Joe Jacobson, Bob Lander --
for Extreme Bionics.
of what you're seeing here is
now get integrated into the bone.
about how to connect the brain
fundamental aspects of humanity.
depends on the diameter of a nerve.
that are external or prosthetic,
theoretically to the point where,
you could step out of the way of a bullet.
of changes you're talking about.
sort of level of prosthetics.
why these are so interesting
from where prosthetics are something
that somebody who is "normal"
which is really interesting,
going on over there.
You can have white noise.
they also put a phone into this.
and also as your phone.
want to have a prosthetic voluntarily.
of loosely connected little pieces
over the next century or two?
to a great philosopher
despite being a Yankee fan.
that it's very tough to make predictions,
about the future to begin with,
with people like Tony Atala,
isn't having something external, titanium.
is take your own gene code,
than any kind of a prosthetic.
the work of Craig Venter and Ham Smith.
that we've been doing
how to reprogram cells.
in those organs.
the cells in those organs,
that you don't want in your body.
George Church has been in the news a lot
one of these programmable cells
an entire human genome into a cell,
to enhance any of that genome?
to enhance a human body?
to enhance a human body
to enhance a human body?
multidimensional chess board
human genetics by using viruses
through gene therapy
of those genes in the epigenome
it's not just one little bit,
to take little portions of it
that's very different.
are very scared by this stuff.
and there are risks to this stuff.
ever want to do this stuff?
to alter the human body
is the universe is 100 percent malevolent.
any one of your bodies at random,
of Mercury, you die.
about 80 percent effective.
upstream eddies of biology
in this rapid torrent of entropy.
that create biological order.
when the Earth becomes very hot,
when you have supervolcanoes,
you can have periodic extinctions.
five times on Earth,
is going to go extinct someday.
but maybe 10,000 years after that.
of the consequence of that,
are common and natural
to diversify our species.
really hard to live on Mars
modify the human body.
to make one cell,
the gravity substantially,
to create your body.
our bodies as they currently are
you have to really redesign things
of Neptune or Jupiter.
in a series of scales.
to alter his or her looks.
for thousands of years.
and you've got this and you've got that.
take place for medical reasons.
is a different civilization.
fundamental aspects of the body.
the person grows taller,
gets fatter or loses metabolism
in a fundamental way.
a Life Three civilization,
from what we've got here.
after a lot of exposure to radiation.
flow through your blood
really radical redesigns,
that's happened in the last decade
a whole lot of planets out there.
want to get to these planets,
and the rest of this stuff --
to the nearest solar system.
beaches somewhere else,
about something that is very different,
the timescale and the body of humans
to imagine what that might look like,
take us even that far.
that Floyd's been doing
with the basic chemistry of life.
is made in ATCGs, the four letters of DNA.
all animals, all humans, all cows,
two of those base pairs,
a parallel system to make life,
with most things on Earth
that are immune to all bacteria.
that are immune to all viruses.
are not a unique solution.
alternate chemistries to us
adaptable to a very different planet
of this experiment,
is based on 20 amino acids.
if you say ATCG + XY,
20 building blocks to 172,
172 building blocks of amino acids
in very different shapes.
is a really weird experiment
hundreds of mouse heads.
the wife or the daughter of the donor
Do you love this person?
the heart is a muscle,
or tens of thousands of years,
She took my heart. She broke my heart."
were transplanted with the heart. Nope.
remembers what it's afraid of,
memory and consciousness.
interesting question is,
is the only input-output mechanism
that consciousness into something
tens of thousands of years,
for a long, long period of time?
all of humanity goes.
to alter the human body
want a picture that says,
survives long-term extinction.
not to evolve the human body
even though it can be challenging,
to allow us to explore, live
we can't even dream of today,
grandchildren might someday.
About the speaker:Juan Enriquez - Futurist
Juan Enriquez thinks and writes about the profound changes that genomics and other life sciences will bring in business, technology, politics and society.
Why you should listen
A broad thinker who studies the intersections of these fields, Enriquez has a talent for bridging disciplines to build a coherent look ahead. He is the managing director of Excel Venture Management, a life sciences VC firm. He recently published (with Steve Gullans) Evolving Ourselves: How Unnatural Selection and Nonrandom Mutation Are Shaping Life on Earth. The book describes a world where humans increasingly shape their environment, themselves and other species.
Enriquez is a member of the board of Synthetic Genomics, which recently introduced the smallest synthetic living cell. Called “JCVI-syn 3.0,” it has 473 genes (about half the previous smallest cell). The organism would die if one of the genes is removed. In other words, this is the minimum genetic instruction set for a living organism.
Juan Enriquez | Speaker | TED.com