DK Osseo-Asare: What a scrapyard in Ghana can teach us about innovation
डीके ओस्सीओ-असारे: घाना:कबाङ से साेना बनाती युवाआें की फाैज
DK Osseo-Asare creates architecture with and for the people that design overlooks. Full bio
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in the Odaw River.
from the Korle Lagoon,
into the Gulf of Guinea.
take apart all kinds of things,
of the downside of technology:
from around the world end their life,
उपकरण दम तोड़ने आते हैं.
that the media loves to show,
burning wires and cables
and the environment.
the global ecosystem,
from city- and nationwide is brought.
make it their business
aluminum, steel, glass, plastic
स्टील, कांच, प्लास्टिक
to mine materials from our waste.
silver, platinum, palladium
from beneath the surface of the earth.
materials, parts and components
of electric plugs.
components that are still functional.
like this one in Agbogbloshie
में देते हैं
of technicians across the country
and electronic equipment,
to consumers that may not be able to buy
पुरानी चीजें बेचते हैं
there are young hackers in Agbogbloshie --
एग्बाेगब्लाेशी में हैकर भी हैं.
sense of that word --
how to take apart computers
how to give them new life.
that making is a cycle.
that enable us to make something anew.
from all over the city,
as feedstock to factories
and microwaves and washing machines
from the radiators of fridges
ornaments for the building industry,
अलंकार बनाये जाते हैं,
the street in the Agbogbloshie market
सड़क पर बिकते बर्तन
ovens, stoves and smokers,
चिमनियाें की सज्जा,
like this one by welders like Mohammed,
मोहम्मद जैसे वेल्डर द्वारा बने हैं,
from the waste stream
out of old car parts.
they use look like this,
by specially coiling copper
recovered from old transformer scrap.
स्टील के चाराें तरफ.
just next to Agbogbloshie
that power local fabrication.
there's a transfer of skills and knowledge
through heuristic learning,
of many students in school,
and memorize them.
or their inherent entrepreneurial power.
की जगह ले लेता है.
Yasmine Abbas and I asked:
अब्बास और मैंने साेचा:
in the informal sector
of students and young professionals
arts and mathematics --
कला और गणित -
"Sankofa Innovation," which I'll explain.
become laser etchers,
making 3D printers out of e-waste.
ई-कचरे से 3 डी प्रिंटर बनाते हैं.
young people from different backgrounds
anything to do with each other,
about how they could collaborate
new machines and tools
and strip copper instead of burning it,
recovered from dead electronics,
for the first time in Agbogbloshie.
with over 1,500 young people,
and scrap dealers
to develop a platform
space for crafting,
which is prefab and modular;
based on what makers want to make;
with the needs of the scrap dealers
to arm them with information
their recycling processes;
for new scrap and new buyers
is finding buyers who will pay more
parts, components, tools, blueprints
ब्लूप्रिंट्स की तलाश
to let customers and clientele
to make a french fry machine.
that there are end users
that can make them a french fry machine,
looking how they can collect this scrap,
into an input for new making.
that knot of not knowing
to make what they want to make.
और सृजन की आजादी.
kiosk in Agbogbloshie,
खाेखे का नमूना बनाया,
and experimental making
with remaking and unmaking.
had to be made from scratch
simple trusses which bolt together.
one module with semi-skilled labor,
2 घंटे में बन जाता है,
and jigs and rigs,
build these standardized parts
and stack to make workbenches,
मिस्त्री काम कर सकते हैं,
based on what you want to make.
का परीक्षण किया है
to other maker ecosystems.
three years of testing
to some pretty horrific abuse.
the results of that testing,
an upgraded version of this makerspace.
संस्करण भी डिजाइन किया है.
and fixed in place,
महंगी और स्थिर है,
and kitted out incrementally
सामान डाल सकते हैं
to make what it is they want to make.
we're planning to also add
together with robots.
काम करने की सुविधा देता है
within the informal sector
इकट्ठा किया जा सकता है
through an open-source process.
to gather the resources they need
what they want to make;
to generate steady income;
not only their reputation as a maker,
Adinkra symbols of the Akan peoples
reaching onto its back to collect an egg,
अण्डे तक पहुँच रहा हाे,
as "return and get it,"
an individual or a community or a society
they have to draw on the past.
existing ways of doing,
future for Africa today.
for methods and for models,
be able to connect,
not "either-or" paradigm,
of this growing network
across the continent
and political boundaries,
innovation in Africa
बारे में सोचने के लिए
of makers at the grassroots.
e-waste dump in the world,
ई-कबाङ का ढेर है
is a place where you throw things away
you take things apart.
that no longer has any value,
that you recover
to remake something new.
are already pioneering and leading
ABOUT THE SPEAKERDK Osseo-Asare - Designer
DK Osseo-Asare creates architecture with and for the people that design overlooks.
Why you should listen
Africa today has the youngest population and fastest rate of urbanization on the planet. How can we amplify indigenous innovation continent-wide to accommodate the needs of Africa’s next billion urban dwellers? Collaborating with thousands of young people in West Africa over the past decade, DK Osseo-Asare has pioneered new approaches to design and deliver architecture and inclusive innovation to people living in resource-constrained environments: reframing the micro-architectures of "kiosk culture" as urban infrastructure for resilience; experimenting with "bambots," or bamboo architecture robots; and prototyping off-grid in the Niger Delta an open-source model of hybrid rural/urban development for Africa.
In 2012, Osseo-Asare and Yasmine Abbas launched the Agbogbloshie Makerspace Platform (AMP), a community-based project to empower grassroots makers in Africa and beyond. Co-designed with over a thousand youth in and around Agbogbloshie scrapyard in Accra, Ghana -- infamously mischaracterized as "the world's largest e-waste dump" -- AMP Spacecraft is an open architecture for "crafting space" that links a mobile structure with modular toolsets to help makers make more and better, together. AMP has deployed three spacecraft to date, with the goal of networking a pan-African fleet of maker kiosks that enable youth to reimagine (e-)waste as raw material for building digital futures, recycle better and unlock their creative potential to remake the world.
Osseo-Asare is co-founding principal of Low Design Office (LOWDO), a trans-Atlantic architecture and integrated design studio based in Ghana and Texas. He co-founded the Ashesi Design Lab as Chief Maker and is Assistant Professor of Architecture and Engineering Design at Penn State University, where he runs the Humanitarian Materials Lab (HuMatLab) and serves as Associate Director of Penn State’s Alliance for Education, Science, Engineering and Design with Africa (AESEDA).
DK Osseo-Asare | Speaker | TED.com