Vittorio Loreto: Need a new idea? Start at the edge of what is known
Vittorio Loreto is passionate about the complexity of the world around us in all its forms and he actively tries to decode it. Full bio
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what they achieved, right?
their achievements are,
of Newton's apple, right? OK.
that no apple at all was there.
some specific conditions
not impossible to conceive.
easy to pick as an apple.
in the history of ideas
something adjacent and possible,
and his very peculiar scientific path?
that the path was not there.
the origin of great ideas
in which the new enters our lives.
the right questions
a great conceptual framework
the right questions.
to the edge of what is known,
and fascinating starting point
of words like novelty, innovation,
in many different ways,
or I listen to a new song.
a new technology,
if you're the writer,
if you're the composer.
the new is for everyone,
can be also frightening,
means exploring a very peculiar space,
the space of possibilities.
so I'll try to get you through this space.
Machu Picchu for the first time,
making sense of it, in a word, learning.
fight of viruses and bacteria
at grasping this space.
you could do in the next, say, 24 hours.
like having a drink, writing a letter,
now, here, in Milan,
for 15 minutes.
to conceive this space,
the occurrence of something brand new,
with the eyes of the past,
the time series of past events
to predict the future.
for weather forecasts, and it failed.
of the great complexity
had to be based on modeling,
a synthetic model of the system,
and then projecting the system
with the eye of the past
in the middle of the Australian Outback.
crossing the street.
that the car has no driver.
the kangaroo is not there anymore.
cannot make sense
jumping here and there on the street.
this is a true story.
to Volvo's self-driving cars
more and more in the near future
and machine learning.
I would say 17th century,
and new clues to start solving it.
was very special in Rome.
snowfalls of its history.
for me and my colleagues,
about the possible mathematical scheme --
possible mathematical scheme,
because it was snowing,
we were blocked, stuck in my department,
maybe not that date, precisely --
proposed years before
consists of all those things.
it could be technological products
through incremental modifications
of the existing material.
about the space of my friends,
the set of all friends of my friends
my adjacent possible,
from the mathematical point of view --
Now you are the red spot.
is the adjacent possible for you,
You meet friends. You read a book.
you end up on the green spot,
in this very moment,
for you to foresee this
a huge set of points
at some later stages.
of the possible is very peculiar,
continuously shaped and reshaped
by these connections we made --
for the adjacent possible,
on a complex interplay
this space of possibilities expands
a certain number of predictions
across a few predictions we made.
the pace of innovation,
in very different systems.
that the rate of innovation
in very different conditions.
that the rate of innovation
is predicted to become more difficult
It's beautiful. We were happy.
terabytes of data,
so amazed and pleased and thrilled
we made in the theory
we were on the right track,
we made another discovery
by Leonard Cohen,
triggers your passion for Cohen
listening to his whole production.
that Fabrizio De André here
is already encoding the common belief
we could give, for the first time,
we experience the new.
that impossible missions
to trigger a positive chain reaction.
of the existence of the adjacent possible
all the time to Mozart or Beethoven,
or Justin Bieber -- well, some of us do.
all of these patterns
we collected and analyzed.
that popular hits in music
still leaving room for evergreens.
between evergreens and new hits.
predicts these waves of novelties.
display different strategies
already known paths.
into new adventures.
all the systems we investigated
between these two strategies,
20 percent exploring,
blade runners of innovation.
you could also say a conservative balance,
between exploitation and exploration,
and perhaps needed in our system.
now we have scientific tools
in the near future.
is already providing cues and hints
all of us create it and explore it.
of something that has the potential
for a scientific investigation of the new,
a personal investigation of the new.
a lot of consequences
about artificial intelligence,
of the adjacent possible,
with the unknowns of the future.
how creativity works
is to raise a generation of people
to face the challenges in front of us.
ABOUT THE SPEAKERVittorio Loreto - Physicist
Vittorio Loreto is passionate about the complexity of the world around us in all its forms and he actively tries to decode it.
Why you should listen
Vittorio Loreto is a physicist at Sapienza University of Rome and faculty of the Complexity Science Hub Vienna. He is presently director of the SONY Computer Science Laboratories in Paris where he heads the team on creativity, innovation and artificial intelligence. He recently coordinated the research program dubbed KREYON, aimed at unfolding the dynamics of creativity, novelties and innovation. While theoretical modeling and data analysis are his native research tools, in the last few years he has been developing interactive tools, games, installations, to directly involve the public on the very research agenda. He created the KREYON DAYS, a new form of scientific event that tightly entangles research, learning, awareness and fun.
Vittorio Loreto | Speaker | TED.com