Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity?
Кен Робинсона белгалду таханарча ишколаша креативность яха карматал 1ото1аелга
Creativity expert Sir Ken Robinson challenges the way we're educating our children. He champions a radical rethink of our school systems, to cultivate creativity and acknowledge multiple types of intelligence. Full bio
Double-click the English transcript below to play the video.
running through the conference
to what I want to talk about.
evidence of human creativity
and the range of it.
that it's put us in a place
what's going to happen,
has an interest in education.
at dinner parties, frankly.
you're not asked.
That's strange to me.
you know, "Why me?"
they pin you to the wall.
that goes deep with people, am I right?
and I think we all do.
that's meant to take us into this future
children starting school this year
on parade for the past four days,
in five years' time.
to be educating them for it.
I think, is extraordinary.
capacities that children have --
was a marvel, wasn't she?
she's not, so to speak,
of extraordinary dedication
all kids have tremendous talents.
is as important in education as literacy,
with the same status.
-- I love telling it --
who was in a drawing lesson.
at the back, drawing,
hardly ever paid attention,
and she said, "What are you drawing?"
drawing a picture of God."
knows what God looks like."
"They will, in a minute."
everywhere, to be honest.
wherever he went, he was four that year.
Do you remember the story?
you may have seen it.
which we were thrilled about.
one of the lead parts.
full of agents in T-shirts:
where the three kings come in?
gold, frankincense and myrrh.
they just went out of sequence,
afterward and we said,
"Yeah, why? Was that wrong?"
on their heads,
"I bring you gold."
"I bring you myrrh."
is that kids will take a chance.
frightened of being wrong.
is the same thing as being creative.
if you're not prepared to be wrong,
with anything original --
most kids have lost that capacity.
frightened of being wrong.
national education systems
thing you can make.
we are educating people
that all children are born artists.
as we grow up.
that we don't grow into creativity,
until about five years ago.
from Stratford to Los Angeles.
what a seamless transition that was.
Shakespeare's father was born.
having a father, do you?
of Shakespeare being a child, do you?
English class, wasn't he?
to Shakespeare, "Go to bed, now!
from Stratford to Los Angeles,
about the transition.
he's 21 now, my daughter's 16.
a girlfriend in England.
their fourth anniversary,
another girl like Sarah."
about that, frankly --
we were leaving the country.
when you move to America
has the same hierarchy of subjects.
otherwise, but it isn't.
and at the bottom are the arts.
there's a hierarchy within the arts.
given a higher status in schools
system on the planet
important, but so is dance.
if they're allowed to, we all do.
Did I miss a meeting?
as children grow up,
from the waist up.
education, as an alien,
if you look at the output,
points, who are the winners --
the whole purpose of public education
professors, but you know,
of all human achievement.
out of affection for them.
about professors in my experience --
they live in their heads.
and slightly to one side.
in a kind of literal way.
of transport for their heads.
their head to meetings.
of out-of-body experiences,
conference of senior academics,
on the final night.
writhing uncontrollably, off the beat.
go home and write a paper about it.
on the idea of academic ability.
no public systems of education,
to meet the needs of industrialism.
subjects for work are at the top.
probably steered benignly away
were a kid, things you liked,
never get a job doing that. Is that right?
going to be a musician;
is engulfed in a revolution.
our view of intelligence,
the system in their image.
of public education around the world
of university entrance.
is that many highly-talented,
people think they're not,
they were good at at school
or was actually stigmatized.
to go on that way.
than since the beginning of history.
of all the things we've talked about --
effect on work, and demography
if you had a degree, you had a job.
it's because you didn't want one.
to carry on playing video games,
the previous job required a BA,
structure of education
our view of intelligence.
that we experience it.
we think kinesthetically.
we think in movement.
of a human brain,
from a number of presentations,
which I define as the process
that have value --
through the interaction
ways of seeing things.
that joins the two halves of the brain
are better at multi-tasking.
but I know it from my personal life.
which is not often, thankfully.
but if she's cooking,
she's painting the ceiling,
is shut, the kids are out,
if she comes in I get annoyed.
I'm trying to fry an egg in here."
that old philosophical thing,
and nobody hears it, did it happen?
recently, which said,
in a forest, and no woman hears him,
of interviews with people
by how people got to be there.
I had with a wonderful woman
have never heard of, Gillian Lynne.
and everybody knows her work.
of The Royal Ballet,
lunch one day and I said,
she was really hopeless.
wrote to her parents and said,
has a learning disorder."
she was fidgeting.
hadn't been invented at this point.
and she was there with her mother,
on this chair at the end,
while this man talked to her mother
Gillian was having at school.
her homework was always late; and so on,
went and sat next to Gillian, and said,
things your mother's told me,
we won't be very long,"
that was sitting on his desk.
mother, "Just stand and watch her."
and he turned to her mother and said,
isn't sick; she's a dancer.
how wonderful it was.
and it was full of people like me.
Who had to move to think.
they did modern; they did contemporary.
for the Royal Ballet School;
a wonderful career at the Royal Ballet.
from the Royal Ballet School,
musical theater productions in history,
and she's a multi-millionaire.
on medication and told her to calm down.
that was triggered by Rachel Carson.
of human ecology,
to reconstitute our conception
for a particular commodity.
the fundamental principles
by Jonas Salk, who said,
were to disappear from the Earth,
on Earth would end.
disappeared from the Earth,
of life would flourish."
of the human imagination.
that we've talked about.
our creative capacities
for the hope that they are.
their whole being,
make something of it.
ABOUT THE SPEAKERKen Robinson - Author/educator
Creativity expert Sir Ken Robinson challenges the way we're educating our children. He champions a radical rethink of our school systems, to cultivate creativity and acknowledge multiple types of intelligence.
Why you should listen
Why don't we get the best out of people? Sir Ken Robinson argues that it's because we've been educated to become good workers, rather than creative thinkers. Students with restless minds and bodies -- far from being cultivated for their energy and curiosity -- are ignored or even stigmatized, with terrible consequences. "We are educating people out of their creativity," Robinson says. It's a message with deep resonance. Robinson's TED Talk has been distributed widely around the Web since its release in June 2006. The most popular words framing blog posts on his talk? "Everyone should watch this."
A visionary cultural leader, Sir Ken led the British government's 1998 advisory committee on creative and cultural education, a massive inquiry into the significance of creativity in the educational system and the economy, and was knighted in 2003 for his achievements. His 2009 book, The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything, is a New York Times bestseller and has been translated into 21 languages. A 10th anniversary edition of his classic work on creativity and innovation, Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative, was published in 2011. His 2013 book, Finding Your Element: How to Discover Your Talents and Passions and Transform Your Life, is a practical guide that answers questions about finding your personal Element. In his latest book, Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education, he argues for an end to our outmoded industrial educational system and proposes a highly personalized, organic approach that draws on today’s unprecedented technological and professional resources to engage all students.
Ken Robinson | Speaker | TED.com