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TEDGlobal 2010

Naif Al-Mutawa: Superheroes inspired by Islam

纳伊夫·阿尔-木塔瓦与来自伊斯兰世界的超级英雄们

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在连环画“THE 99”中,纳伊夫·阿尔-木塔瓦的新一代漫画英雄们迎战的不仅是恶势力--他们还背负着破除世俗偏见和与极端主义抗争的使命。书中主角的名字根据真主阿拉的99个尊名命名。他们向读者强调了伊斯兰教义和其他文化中的积极正义的内容,创造了对付邪恶的新的道德框架。他们甚至还和美国正义联盟(由著名漫画超级英雄超人,蝙蝠侠等组成)达成统一战线。

- Creator, The 99
Naif Al-Mutawa has created a group of comic superheroes based on Islamic culture and religion. They derive their superpowers from the 99 attributes of Allah. Full bio

In October十月 2010,
2010年10月,
00:16
the Justice正义 League联盟 of America美国 will be teaming联手 up with The 99.
美国正义联盟将与The 99结成统一战线。
00:18
Icons图标 like Batman蝙蝠侠,
诸如蝙蝠侠,
00:22
Superman超人, Wonder奇迹 Woman女人 and their colleagues同事
超人,神奇女侠和被尊为偶像的其他联盟成员
00:24
will be teaming联手 up with icons图标 Jabbar贾巴尔, Noora努拉,
将和贾巴尔(Jabbar),诺拉(Noora),
00:27
Jami雅米 and their colleagues同事.
加米(Jami)以及他们的战友(The 99中的主角)成为盟友。
00:30
It's a story故事 of intercultural跨文化 intersections十字路口,
这部连环画中的故事将不同文化融汇其中。
00:32
and what better group
相比在各自的时代和地域中
00:35
to have this conversation会话
诞生于反抗法西斯斗争的偶像,
00:37
than those that grew成长 out of fighting战斗 fascism法西斯主义
这个组合能够更好地
00:39
in their respective各自 histories历史 and geographies地域?
传达积极的信息。
00:41
As fascism法西斯主义 took over Europe欧洲 in the 1930s,
二十世纪30年代,法西斯主义席卷了整个欧洲,
00:46
an unlikely不会 reaction反应 came来了 out of North America美国.
而北美却出现了令人意想不到的情况。
00:48
As Christian基督教 iconography肖像 got changed,
基督教的圣像画法出现变革,
00:51
and swastikas纳粹党徽 were created创建 out of crucifixes十字架,
以十字架为原型的纳粹万十字章诞生,
00:54
Batman蝙蝠侠 and Superman超人 were created创建 by Jewish犹太 young年轻 men男人
与此同时,一群身在美国和加拿大的年轻犹太人
00:57
in the United联合的 States状态 and Canada加拿大,
同样受到圣经的启发,
00:59
also going back to the Bible圣经.
创造了蝙蝠侠和超人。
01:01
Consider考虑 this:
大家想想:
01:03
like the prophets先知, all the superheroes超级英雄
就像圣经中的先知一样,所有超级英雄
01:05
are missing失踪 parents父母.
都失去了双亲。
01:07
Superman's超人的 parents父母 die on Krypton
超人的父母死在氪星,
01:09
before the age年龄 of one.
当时他还不一岁。
01:11
Bruce布鲁斯 Wayne韦恩, who becomes Batman蝙蝠侠,
布鲁斯·韦恩,也就是后来的蝙蝠侠,
01:13
loses失去 his parents父母 at the age年龄 of six in Gotham City.
六岁时在高谭城失去了双亲。
01:15
Spiderman蜘蛛侠 is raised上调
蜘蛛侠
01:18
by his aunt姑妈 and uncle叔叔.
是被他叔叔婶婶抚养长大的。
01:20
And all of them, just like the prophets先知 who get their message信息
那些先知们通过天使加百利
01:22
from God through通过 Gabriel加布里埃尔,
接收上帝的指令,
01:24
get their message信息 from above以上.
这些超级英雄们的使命也是从天而降。
01:26
Peter彼得 Parker帕克 is in a library图书馆 in Manhattan曼哈顿
彼得·帕克是在曼哈顿的一座图书馆里
01:28
when the spider蜘蛛 descends下降 from above以上
被一只从天而降的蜘蛛叮咬
01:30
and gives him his message信息 through通过 a bite.
从而得到他的力量。
01:33
Bruce布鲁斯 Wayne韦恩 is in his bedroom卧室
布鲁斯·韦恩在自己的卧室里
01:36
when a big bat蝙蝠 flies苍蝇 over his head,
看到一只硕大的蝙蝠飞过头顶之后
01:38
and he sees看到 it as an omen预兆 to become成为 Batman蝙蝠侠.
认定那是他成为蝙蝠侠的征兆。
01:40
Superman超人 is not only sent发送 to Earth地球
而超人不仅从天堂,或者说氪星,
01:45
from the heavens, or Krypton,
被送到了地球上,
01:47
but he's sent发送 in a pod, much like Moses摩西 was on the Nile尼罗河.
他还是坐着太空仓来的,听上去像被放在木盆里漂流在尼罗河上的摩西。
01:49
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
01:52
And you hear the voice语音 of his father父亲, Jor-El佐萨尔瓦多,
你们还能听到他的父亲Jor-El
01:54
saying to Earth地球, "I have sent发送 to you my only son儿子."
对地球说:“我把我的独子献给你们了。”
01:56
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
01:59
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
02:01
These are clearly明确地 biblical圣经 archetypes原型,
这些显然都可以在圣经中找到原型,
02:05
and the thinking思维 behind背后 that was to create创建
其背后的目的是
02:07
positive, globally-resonating全局共鸣 storylines故事情节
创作出充满正义感,让全世界人都为之动容的故事情节,
02:09
that could be tied to the same相同 things
通过故事来展现事物的积极面,
02:12
that other people were pulling mean messages消息 out of
而不是一味地任居心不良的人将其抹黑。
02:14
because then the person that's using运用 religion宗教 for the wrong错误 purpose目的
因为如果有人利用宗教来作坏事,
02:16
just becomes a bad man with a bad message信息.
那么他是一个坏人,让人对那个宗教产生坏印象。
02:19
And it's only by linking链接 positive things
只有时刻想着事物的积极面,
02:22
that the negative can be delinked脱钩.
才能消除消极的印象。
02:24
This is the kind of thinking思维 that went into
正是本着这样的想法
02:26
creating创建 The 99.
我们创作了The 99。
02:28
The 99 references引用 the 99 attributes属性 of Allah真主 in the Koran可兰经,
The 99来源于古兰经里真主阿拉的99个尊名,
02:30
things like generosity慷慨 and mercy怜悯 and foresight先见之明 and wisdom智慧
代表了慷慨,慈悲,远见,智慧
02:33
and dozens许多 of others其他 that no two people in the world世界 would disagree不同意 about.
和其他一些为世人所共同称道的美德。
02:36
It doesn't matter what your religion宗教 is;
这些与宗教信仰无关。
02:38
even if you're an atheist无神论者, you don't raise提高 your kid孩子 telling告诉 him, you know,
也就是说,就算你是无神论者,你也不会教自己的孩子
02:40
"Make sure you lie谎言 three times a day."
每天说三次谎。
02:42
Those are basic基本 human人的 values.
那些都是基本的价值观。
02:44
And so the backstory背景故事 of The 99
The 99的背景故事
02:46
takes place地点 in 1258,
发生在1258年,
02:48
which哪一个 history历史 tells告诉 us the Mongols蒙古人 invaded入侵 Baghdad巴格达 and destroyed销毁 it.
蒙古大军攻陷巴格达。
02:50
All the books图书 from Bait al-HikmaAL-HIKMA library图书馆,
当时最著名的图书馆智慧宫里所有藏书
02:53
the most famous著名 library图书馆 in its day, were thrown抛出 in the Tigris底格里斯河 River,
都被投入了底格里斯河。
02:55
and the Tigris底格里斯河 changes变化 color颜色 with ink墨水.
河水因此全被墨汁染黑了。
02:57
It's a story故事 passed通过 on generation after generation.
这个故事世代流传。
02:59
I rewrote重写了 that story故事,
我改编了这个故事。
03:02
and in my version, the librarians图书馆 find out that this is going to happen发生 --
在我改编后的版本里,智慧宫的图书馆员们预见到了即将发生的事情-
03:04
and here's这里的 a side note注意:
我顺便说一句:
03:06
if you want a comic滑稽 book to do well, make the librarians图书馆 the hero英雄. It always works作品 well.
如果你想让一部漫画书受欢迎,那就让图书馆员成为英雄人物。百试不爽。
03:08
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
03:11
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
03:14
So the librarians图书馆 find out
那些图书馆员
03:16
and they get together一起 a special特别 solution, a chemical化学 solution called King's国王 Water,
研制出一种特殊的药水,这种化学药水叫君王之水。
03:18
that when mixed with 99 stones石头
当99颗宝石浸泡在药水里,
03:20
would be able能够 to save保存 all that culture文化 and history历史 in the books图书.
药水就能保存书籍中所记载的所有文化和历史。
03:22
But the Mongols蒙古人 get there first.
不幸的是,蒙古人抢先一步,
03:25
The books图书 and the solution get thrown抛出 in the Tigris底格里斯河 River.
把书籍和药水一起扔进了底格里斯河。
03:27
Some librarians图书馆 escape逃逸, and over the course课程 of days and weeks,
一些图书馆员逃走了,
03:29
they dip the stones石头 into the Tigris底格里斯河 and suck吮吸 up that collective集体 wisdom智慧
他们把宝石浸泡在底格里斯河里好几个星期,
03:32
that we all think is lost丢失 to civilization文明.
来吸取那些流失了的智慧财富。
03:35
Those stones石头 have been smuggled走私 as three prayer祷告 beads
那些宝石被做成三串念珠,每串有33颗宝石。
03:37
of 33 stones石头 each
这些宝石
03:39
through通过 Arabia阿拉伯 into Andalusia安达卢西亚 in Spain西班牙, where they're safe安全 for 200 years年份.
从阿拉伯被偷运到西班牙的安达路西亚,被保存在那里长达200年。
03:41
But in 1492, two important重要 things happen发生.
而到了1492年,两个重大历史事件发生了。
03:44
The first is the fall秋季 of Granada格拉纳达,
首先是欧洲最后一个
03:47
the last Muslim穆斯林 enclave飞地 in Europe欧洲.
穆斯林飞地格拉纳达的沦陷。
03:49
The second第二 is Columbus哥伦布 finally最后 gets得到 funded资助 to go to India印度, but he gets得到 lost丢失.
第二是哥伦布终于筹足了去印度的盘缠,但最后去错了地方。
03:51
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
03:54
So 33 of the stones石头 are smuggled走私
于是其中的33颗宝石
03:57
onto the Nina尼娜, the Pinta平塔 and the Santa圣诞老人 Maria玛丽亚
由尼尼亚号,平塔号和圣玛利亚号(哥伦布船队的其中三艘船)
03:59
and are spread传播 in the New World世界.
传到了新大陆。
04:01
Thirty-three三十三 go on the Silk Road to China中国, South Asia亚洲 and Southeast东南 Asia亚洲.
另外33颗经丝绸之路分散到了中国,南亚和东南亚。
04:03
And 33 are spread传播 between之间 Europe欧洲, the Middle中间 East and Africa非洲.
最后33颗散落在欧洲,中东和非洲之间的地区。
04:05
And now it's 2010, and there are 99 heroes英雄
到了2010年,99位
04:08
from 99 different不同 countries国家.
来自99个国家的英雄出现了。
04:11
Now it's very easy简单 to assume承担
我们很容易这样想
04:13
that those books图书, because they were from a library图书馆 called Bait al-HikmaAL-HIKMA, were Muslim穆斯林 books图书,
那些出自al-Hikma(智慧宫图书馆)的书籍,看上去像是专门给穆斯林读的。
04:15
but that's not the case案件 because the caliph哈里发 that built内置 that library图书馆,
其实不然。当时修建图书馆的国王
04:18
his name名称 was al-Ma'munAL-马穆 -- he was Harun哈伦 al-Rashid's拉希德的 son儿子.
名叫阿尔马蒙-他是阿尔拉希德的儿子。
04:21
He had told his advisers顾问, "Get me all the scholars学者
他对军师们说:“把所有的学者给我请来
04:24
to translate翻译 any book they can get their hands onto into Arabic阿拉伯,
让他们把所有能找到的书翻译成阿拉伯语,
04:26
and I will pay工资 them its weight重量 in gold."
我会给他们跟书一样重的黄金作为报酬。”
04:29
After a while, his advisers顾问 complained抱怨.
没过多久,军师们向他抱怨。
04:31
They said, "Your Highness高度, the scholars学者 are cheating作弊.
他们说:“陛下,那些学者作弊。
04:33
They're writing写作 in big handwriting手写 to take more gold."
他们故意把字写得很大,好换更多的金子。”
04:35
To which哪一个 he said, "Let them be, because what they're giving us
而他回答说:“随他们吧,我们能从他们那里
04:39
is worth价值 a lot more than what we're paying付款 them."
得到比黄金还值钱的东西。”
04:41
So the idea理念 of an open打开 architecture建筑, an open打开 knowledge知识,
这样,开放式建筑,开放的知识
04:43
is not new to my neck颈部 of the desert沙漠.
在我的国家里都不是什么新鲜事了。
04:45
The concept概念 centers中心 on something called the Noor努尔 stones石头.
故事主题围绕着被成为Noor的宝石。
04:48
Noor努尔 is Arabic阿拉伯 for light.
Noor是阿拉伯语“光明”的意思。
04:50
So these 99 stones石头, a few少数 kind of rules规则 in the game游戏:
这99颗宝石本身附有一些规则:
04:52
Number one, you don't choose选择 the stone; the stone chooses you.
第一,不是你选择宝石而是宝石选择你。
04:55
There's a King国王 Arthur亚瑟 element元件 to the storyline故事情节, okay.
这有点效仿了《亚瑟王》的故事情节。
04:57
Number two, all of The 99,
第二,当99位英雄
05:00
when they first get their stone, or their power功率, abuse滥用 it;
最初得到宝石所赐力量的时候,他们无一例外地
05:02
they use it for self-interest自我利益.
利用它来谋私利。
05:05
And there's a very strong强大 message信息 in there that when you start开始 abusing滥用 your stone,
这传达了一个很重要的信息:一旦你开始滥用宝石,
05:07
you get taken采取 advantage优点 of
那些想要利用你力量的人
05:10
by people who will exploit利用 your powers权力, okay.
就要设法操纵你了。
05:12
Number three, the 99 stones石头 all have within them
第三,99颗宝石都具备
05:15
a mechanism机制 that self-updates自我更新.
自我升级的能力。
05:18
Now there are two groups that exist存在 within the Muslim穆斯林 world世界.
穆斯林世界有两大派别。
05:20
Everybody每个人 believes相信 the Koran可兰经 is for all time and all place地点.
所有人都相信古兰经适用于全时全地。
05:23
Some believe that means手段 that the original原版的 interpretation解释
一部分人认为,这意味着几千年前人们对经文的解读
05:25
from a couple一对 thousand years年份 ago is what's relevant相应 today今天.
时至今日依然适用。
05:27
I don't belong属于 there.
我不属于这类人。
05:30
Then there's a group that believes相信 the Koran可兰经 is a living活的, breathing呼吸 document文件,
另外一部人相信古兰经是充满生命力的经著。
05:32
and I captured捕获 that idea理念 within these stones石头 that self-update自我更新.
这就是宝石拥有自我更新能力这个想法的由来。
05:35
Now the main主要 bad guy, RughalRughal,
故事中主要的反面人物,卢加尔(Rughal),
05:37
does not want these stones石头 to update更新,
不想让宝石更新升级。
05:39
so he's trying to get them to stop updating更新.
于是便想方设法阻止其更新。
05:41
He can't use the stones石头, but he can stop them.
他虽然不能使用宝石,但却能阻止宝石发挥力量。
05:43
And by stopping停止 them, he has more of a fascist法西斯 agenda议程,
通过阻止宝石的力量,他就能进行更多的独裁行动,
05:46
where he gets得到 some of The 99 to work for him --
他欺骗99位英雄中的一些人,让他们为他效力。
05:49
they're all wearing穿着 cookie-cutter千篇一律, same相同 color颜色 uniforms制服
他们都身着清一色的制服。
05:51
They're not allowed允许 to individually个别地 express表现 who they are and what they are.
他们不能私下透露自己的身份。
05:53
And he controls控制 them from the top最佳 down --
他亲自指挥他们。
05:56
whereas when they work for the other side, eventually终于,
然而当他们最终投奔了正义,
05:58
when they find out this is the wrong错误 person, they've他们已经 been manipulated操纵,
知道自己被操纵,给坏人做事之后,
06:00
they actually其实, each one has a different不同, colorful华美
他们都换上了不同颜色的
06:02
kind of dress连衣裙.
服装。
06:05
And the last point about the 99 Noor努尔 stones石头 is this.
关于99颗光明宝石的最后一条是
06:07
So The 99 work in teams球队 of three.
99位英雄分组行动,每组三人。
06:09
Why three? A couple一对 of reasons原因.
为什么三人一组?原因如下。
06:12
Number one, we have a thing within Islam伊斯兰教 that you don't leave离开 a boy男孩 and a girl女孩 alone单独 together一起,
第一,伊斯兰世界不允许孤男寡女单独相处,
06:14
because the third第三 person is temptation诱惑 or the devil魔鬼, right?
因为诱惑或者魔鬼可能会从中作梗,对吧。
06:17
I think that's there in all cultures文化, right?
这在所有文化里面都是如此,不是吗。
06:20
But this is not about religion宗教, it's not about proselytizing传教.
但这与宗教无关,也不是在灌输宗教。
06:23
There's this very strong强大 social社会 message信息
这其中蕴涵了很强烈的社会性质,
06:25
that needs需求 to get to kind of
这种性质
06:27
the deepest最深 crevices裂缝 of intolerance不耐症,
需要人们以宽容的态度对待。
06:29
and the only way to get there is to kind of play the game游戏.
要达到这个目的,我们就得行动起来。
06:31
And so this is the way I dealt处理 with it.
于是,我就这样给他们分组。
06:33
They work in teams球队 of three: two boys男孩 and a girl女孩, two girls女孩 and a boy男孩,
他们三人一组,要么两男一女,要么两女一男。
06:35
three boys男孩, three girls女孩, no problem问题.
要么三人都是男的,或都是女的,都行。
06:37
And the Swiss瑞士人 psychoanalyst心理医生, Carl卡尔 Jung荣格, also spoke about
瑞士精神分析学家卡尔.杨
06:39
the importance重要性 of the number three in all cultures文化, so I figure数字 I'm covered覆盖.
也曾谈过数字3在所有文化中的重要性,
06:41
Well ...
但是......
06:44
I got accused被告 in a few少数 blogs博客 that I was actually其实 sent发送 by the Pope教皇
有些人在博客上指责我说我是天主教皇派来
06:46
to preach传道 the Trinity三位一体 and Catholicism天主教 in the Middle中间 East,
到中东宣传三位一体和天主教的,
06:49
so you -- (Laughter笑声)
所以你们-(笑声)
06:52
you believe who you want. I gave you my version of the story故事.
信不信由你们-反正我已经把我的理由告诉你们了。
06:55
So here's这里的 some of the characters人物 that we have.
下面介绍故事的几位主角。
06:58
MujibaMujiba, from Malaysia马来西亚: her main主要 power功率 is she's able能够 to answer回答 any question.
穆吉巴(Mujiba),来自马来西亚,她的力量是她能解答任何问题
07:00
She's the Trivial不重要的 Pursuit追求 queen女王, if you want,
你可以叫她“江湖百晓生”。
07:02
but when she first gets得到 her power功率,
但她最初获得了力量之后,
07:05
she starts启动 going on game游戏 shows节目 and making制造 money.
却利用它来赌博赚钱。
07:07
We have Jabbar贾巴尔 from Saudi沙特 who starts启动 breaking破坏 things when he has the power功率.
这位是来自沙特的贾巴尔(Jabbar),他拥有超强的破坏力。
07:10
Now, MumitaMumita was a fun开玩笑 one to name名称. MumitaMumita is the destroyer驱逐舰.
这位是穆米塔(Mumita),名字很有意思。穆米塔是破坏者。
07:13
So the 99 attributes属性 of Allah真主 have the yin and the yang;
真主阿拉的99个尊名中,有些富有阳刚之气,有些具备阴柔之美。
07:15
there's the powerful强大, the hegemonoushegemonous, the strong强大,
有些体现了力量和霸气,
07:18
and there's also the kind, the generous慷慨.
有些则体现了善良和慷慨。
07:20
I'm like, are all the girls女孩 going to be kind and merciful仁慈 and the guys all strong强大?
我说,所有的女孩子都应该是善良慈悲的,而男孩子就应该是阳刚的。
07:22
I'm like, you know what, I've met会见 a few少数 girls女孩 who were destroyers驱逐舰 in my lifetime一生, so ...
告诉你们,其实我一生中曾经遇到几个女孩子把我折磨得痛不欲生,所以......
07:24
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
07:27
We have Jami雅米 from Hungary匈牙利, who first starts启动 making制造 weapons武器:
这位是来自匈牙利的加米(Jami),善于制造武器。
07:29
He's the technology技术 wizWIZ.
他是个技术专家。
07:31
MusawwiraMusawwira from Ghana加纳,
还有来自加纳的穆萨维拉(Musawwira),
07:33
HadyaHadya from Pakistan巴基斯坦, Jaleel贾里尔 from Iran伊朗 who uses使用 fire.
来自巴基斯坦的海蒂亚,来自伊朗会使用火的加里奥(Jaleel )。
07:35
And this is one of my favorites最爱, Al-Batina铝Batina from Yemen也门.
这是我最喜欢的其中一位英雄,来自也门的艾尔.巴缇娜(Al Batin)。
07:38
Al-Batina铝Batina is the hidden.
艾尔.巴缇娜是隐藏者。
07:40
So Al-Batina铝Batina is hidden, but she's a superhero超级英雄.
尽管她的脸藏在面纱背后,但她是位超级英雄。
07:42
I came来了 home to my wife妻子 and I said, "I created创建 a character字符 after you."
我有次回家告诉我妻子:“我按照你的形象创造了一个主角。”
07:44
My wife妻子 is a Saudi沙特 from Yemeni也门 roots.
我妻子是沙特人,跟也门有一些渊源。
07:46
And she said, "Show显示 me." So I showed显示 this.
她说:“那让我看看吧。”我就给她看了这个。
07:48
She said, "That's not me."
她说:“这不是我呀。”
07:50
I said, "Look at the eyes眼睛. They're your eyes眼睛."
我说:“看她的眼睛。那就是你的眼睛。”
07:52
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
07:54
So I promised许诺 my investors投资者 this would not be another另一个 made-in-fifth-world-country做在第五世界的国家 production生产.
我向投资人承诺这部漫画决不是粗制滥造的产品。
07:57
This was going to be Superman超人, or it wasn't worth价值 my time or their money.
它会像超人一样一鸣惊人,否则我决不会在这上面浪费时间和他们的金钱。
08:00
So from day one, the people involved参与 in the project项目,
这些是全程参与制作的工作人员,
08:03
bottom底部 left is Fabian法比安 NiciezaNicieza,
左下角的是Fabian Nicieza,
08:05
writer作家 for X-MenX战警 and Power功率 Rangers流浪者.
X战警和金刚战士的作者。
08:07
Next下一个 to him is Dan PanosianPanosian,
他旁边的是Dan Panosian,
08:09
one of the character字符 creators创作者 for the modern-day现代 X-MenX战警.
他是现代版X战警的创作者之一。
08:11
Top最佳 right is Stuart斯图尔特 Moore穆尔, a writer作家 for Iron Man.
畅销书作家Stuart Moore,是钢铁侠的作者。
08:13
Next下一个 to him is John约翰 McCrea麦克雷, who was an inker墨棒 for Spiderman蜘蛛侠.
他旁边的是John McCrea, 蜘蛛侠的作者。
08:15
And we entered进入 Western西 consciousness意识
2005年我们以一条标语打入西方人的视线:
08:18
with a tagline标语: "Next下一个 Ramadan斋月, the world世界 will have new heroes英雄,"
“到了2005年的下个斋月,新的英雄
08:20
back in 2005.
将横空出世。”
08:23
Now I went to Dubai迪拜, to an Arab阿拉伯 Thought Foundation基础 Conference会议,
我去到迪拜参加阿拉伯思想基金会的会议,
08:26
and I was waiting等候 by the coffee咖啡 for the right journalist记者.
当时我边喝咖啡边物色合适的报社记者。
08:29
Didn't have a product产品, but had energy能源.
手头上没有任何现成的作品,但是却有满腔的热情。
08:31
And I found发现 somebody from The New York纽约 Times,
我相中了纽约时报的一个记者。
08:33
and I cornered走投无路 him, and I pitched倾斜的 him.
我把他堵到一个角落里,抓住他不放。
08:36
And I think I scared害怕 him -- (Laughter笑声)
我可能把他给吓到了 - (笑声)
08:38
because he basically基本上 promised许诺 me --
因为他答应我 --
08:41
we had no product产品 -- but he said, "We'll give you a paragraph in the arts艺术 section部分
由于我们还没有成品 -- 但他说:“我们可以给你写一段介绍,放在艺术版上,
08:43
if you'll你会 just go away."
只要你放了我。”
08:45
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
08:47
So I said, "Great." So I called him up a few少数 weeks afterward之后.
然后我说,“成交。” 过了几个星期,我给他打电话。
08:49
I said, "Hi你好, Hesa他是个." And he said, "Hi你好." I said, "Happy快乐 New Year."
我说:“你好啊, Hesa。” 他回答:“你好。” 我说:“新年快乐。”
08:51
He said, "Thank you. We had a baby宝宝." I said, "Congratulations祝贺."
他说:“谢谢。我们的孩子刚出生。” 我说:“恭喜啊。”
08:54
Like I care关心, right?
假装我很在意似的。
08:56
"So when's的时 the article文章 coming未来 out?"
“请问给我们写的文章什么时候见报啊?”
08:59
He said, "Naif纳伊夫, Islam伊斯兰教 and cartoon动画片?
他说:“纳伊夫,伊斯兰卡通?
09:01
That's not timely及时.
不太符合潮流。
09:04
You know, maybe next下一个 week, next下一个 month, next下一个 year, but, you know, it'll它会 come out."
可能下个星期,下个月,或者明年吧,总会有那么一天的。”
09:07
So a few少数 days after that, what happens发生?
接下来的几天,知道发生了什么吗?
09:10
What happens发生 is the world世界 erupts爆发 in the Danish丹麦 cartoon动画片 controversy争议.
丹麦卡通丑闻被公诸于世。
09:12
I became成为 timely及时.
终于轮到我符合潮流了。
09:16
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
09:18
So flurry慌张 of phone电话 calls电话 and emails电子邮件 from The New York纽约 Times.
于是纽约时报不停给我打电话发邮件。
09:20
Next下一个 thing you knew知道, there's a full充分 page covering覆盖 us positively积极,
接下来,他们用一整版的篇幅来给我们作宣传。
09:22
January一月 22ndND, 2006,
2006年1月22日
09:25
which哪一个 changed our lives生活 forever永远,
成为了我们一生的转折点。
09:27
because anybody任何人 Googling谷歌搜索 Islam伊斯兰教 and cartoon动画片 or Islam伊斯兰教 and comic滑稽,
任何人在谷歌上搜索伊斯兰卡通或伊斯兰漫画,
09:29
guess猜测 what they got; they got me.
你猜他们搜到什么?他们搜到的都是我。
09:32
And The 99 were like superheroes超级英雄
The 99里的主角就像超级英雄一样
09:35
kind of flying飞行 out of what was happening事件 around the world世界.
在纷繁的世事中横空出世。
09:37
And that led to all kinds of things,
那天之后,很多事情发生了。
09:39
from being存在 in curricula课程 in universities高校 and schools学校 to --
一些大学和学校把The 99列入教程-
09:41
one of my favorite喜爱 pictures图片 I have from South Asia亚洲,
有一张我最喜欢的照片,是我在南亚拍的,
09:43
it was a couple一对 of men男人 with long beards胡须
照片上有一群留着大胡子的男子
09:46
and a lot of girls女孩 wearing穿着 the hijab盖头 -- it looked看着 like a school学校.
和一群戴着面纱的女孩子-好像是在学校里。
09:48
The good news新闻 is they're all holding保持 copies副本 of The 99, smiling微笑,
好消息是他们都微笑地举着很多本The 99,
09:51
and they found发现 me to sign标志 the picture图片.
找我给他们签名。
09:53
The bad news新闻 is they were all photocopies复印件, so we didn't make a dime十分钱 in revenue收入.
坏消息是,他们的书都是复印的,所以我们一分钱都没进帐。
09:55
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
09:58
We've我们已经 been able能够 to license执照 The 99 comic滑稽 books图书
目前,我们获准把The 99漫画书
10:02
into eight languages语言 so far --
翻译成八种语言,
10:04
Chinese中文, Indonesian印度尼西亚, Hindi印地语, Urdu乌尔都语, Turkish土耳其.
包括中文,印尼语,印度语,乌尔都语,土耳其语。
10:06
Opened开业 a theme主题 park公园 through通过 a license执照 in Kuwait科威特 a year and a half ago
一年半前,我们获准在科威特创建一个主题公园,
10:09
called The 99 Village Theme主题 Park公园 --
名叫The 99 Village主题公园,
10:12
300,000 square广场 feet, 20 rides游乐设施, all with our characters人物:
占地三十万平方英尺,20个游乐项目,所有主角都在里面。
10:14
a couple一对 back-to-school回到学校 licenses许可证 in Spain西班牙 and Turkey火鸡.
我们在西班牙和土耳其也得到了许可向学生出售The 99漫画。
10:17
But the biggest最大 thing we've我们已经 doneDONE to date日期, which哪一个 is just amazing惊人,
到现在为止,我们做过最大规模的事,真的很了不起,
10:20
is that we've我们已经 doneDONE a 26-episode-插曲 animated动画 series系列,
就是我们完成了26集的动画系列,
10:23
which哪一个 is doneDONE for global全球 audiences观众:
让全世界的观众观赏,
10:25
in fact事实, we're already已经 going to be in the U.S. and Turkey火鸡, we know.
实际上,我们的动画将很快在美国和土耳其上映。
10:27
It's 3D CGICGI, which哪一个 is going to be very high-quality高质量,
动画是三维立体的,画质非常清晰,
10:30
written书面 in Hollywood好莱坞 by the writers作家 behind背后 Ben 10
由好莱坞《少年骇客》
10:33
and Spiderman蜘蛛侠 and Star Wars战争: Clone克隆 Wars战争.
《蜘蛛侠》和《星球大战:克隆人的进攻》影片的作者制作。
10:35
In this clip I'm about to show显示 you, which哪一个 has never been seen看到 in the public上市 before,
我下面将播放的这段剪辑从未与公众见面。
10:37
there is a struggle斗争.
里面有一段争斗。
10:40
Two of the characters人物, Jabbar贾巴尔, the one with the muscles肌肉,
两个主角,贾巴尔(Jabbar),大力士,
10:42
and Noora努拉, the one that can use light,
和诺拉(Noora),能发光的那个,
10:44
are actually其实 wearing穿着 the cookie-cutter千篇一律 fascist法西斯 gray灰色 uniform制服
身穿象征独裁的统一灰色制服,
10:46
because they're being存在 manipulated操纵.
因为他们被操纵了。
10:48
They don't know, OK,
他们还被蒙在鼓里。
10:50
and they're trying to get another另一个 member会员 of The 99 to join加入 them.
他们想劝说99位英雄中的另外一位加入他们。
10:52
So there's a struggle斗争 within the team球队.
于是,这个小组便产生了矛盾。
10:54
So if we can get the lights灯火 ...
我们把灯关掉......
10:56
["The 99"]
[The 99]
11:00
Jabbar贾巴尔: Dana达纳, I can't see where to grab hold保持.
贾巴尔:丹娜,我看不见把手。
11:06
I need more light.
我需要更多光亮。
11:08
What's happening事件?
你怎么啦?
11:12
Dana达纳: There's too much darkness黑暗.
丹娜:这里太黑了。
11:14
RughalRughal: There must必须 be something we can do.
卢加尔:我们肯定可以想出办法的。
11:16
Man: I won't惯于 send发送 any more commandos突击队 in
某人:我不会增派兵力
11:18
until直到 I know it's safe安全.
除非我能确保安全。
11:20
Dr博士. RazemRazem: It's time to go, Miklos米克洛什.
拉萨姆博士:该走了,米克罗斯。
11:23
Miklos米克洛什: Must必须 download下载 file文件 contents内容.
米克罗斯:我要先把文件内容储存好。
11:25
I can't forget忘记 auntie阿姨.
我不能忘了姨妈。
11:27
Jabbar贾巴尔: Dana达纳, I can't do this without you.
贾巴尔:我一个人干不了。
11:30
Dana达纳: But I can't help.
丹娜:但是我帮不上忙。
11:32
Jabbar贾巴尔: You can,
贾巴尔:你可以,
11:35
even if you don't believe in yourself你自己 right now.
就算你现在不相信自己。
11:37
I believe in you.
我相信你。
11:39
You are Noora努拉 the Light.
你是光明使者诺拉。
11:41
Dana达纳: No.
丹娜:不。
11:43
I don't deserve值得 it. I don't deserve值得 anything.
我不配。我什么都配不上。
11:45
Jabbar贾巴尔: Then what about the rest休息 of us?
贾巴尔:那我们其他人怎么办?
11:49
Don't we deserve值得 to be saved保存? Don't I?
难道我们不配被救吗?我不配吗?
11:51
Now, tell me which哪一个 way to go.
现在告诉我往哪儿走。
12:10
Dana达纳: That way.
丹娜:那边。
12:15
Alarm报警: Threat威胁 imminent即将来临.
警笛:威胁将近。
12:27
Jabbar贾巴尔: AaaahhhAaaahhh!
贾巴尔:哎呀呀!
12:29
Miklos米克洛什: Stay away from me.
米克罗斯:不要过来。
12:34
Jabbar贾巴尔: We're here to help you.
贾巴尔:我们是来救你的。
12:43
Dr博士. RazemRazem: Don't listen to them.
拉萨姆博士:别听他们的。
12:45
Dana达纳: Miklos米克洛什, that man is not your friend朋友.
丹娜:米克罗斯,那个人是敌人。
12:47
Miklos米克洛什: No. He gave me access访问,
米克罗斯:不,他帮助了我。
12:49
and you want to reboot重启 the [unclear不明]. No more [unclear不明].
你们想要重启(不清晰)。不许重启它!
12:52
["The 99"]
[The 99]
12:55
Thank you.
谢谢。
12:58
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
13:00
So "The 99" is technology技术; it's entertainment娱乐;
The 99体现了科技,娱乐,
13:06
it's design设计.
和精湛的设计。
13:08
But that's only half the story故事.
但是它还远远不止如此。
13:10
As the father父亲 of five sons儿子,
作为五个儿子父亲,
13:13
I worry担心 about who they're going to be using运用 as role角色 models楷模.
我很担心他们将来会把什么样的人当作偶像。
13:15
I worry担心 because all around me, even within my extended扩展 family家庭,
我担心,是因为,即使在我的大家庭里,
13:17
I see religion宗教 being存在 manipulated操纵.
我依然看到宗教为人所利用。
13:20
As a psychologist心理学家, I worry担心
作为一个心理学家,
13:23
for the world世界 in general一般,
我为这个世界担心,
13:26
but worry担心 about the perception知觉 of how people see themselves他们自己
担心在我所属地区中的人们
13:28
in my part部分 of the world世界.
如何看待他们自己。
13:30
Now, I'm a clinical临床 psychologist心理学家. I'm licensed领有牌照 in New York纽约 State.
我是个临床心理学家,在纽约州获得执照。
13:32
I trained熟练 at Bellevue贝尔维尤 Hospital醫院 Survivors幸存者 of Political政治 Torture拷打 Program程序,
我曾在表维医院对政治虐待的幸存者进行培训。
13:34
and I heard听说 one too many许多 stories故事 of people growing生长 up
我听到太多关于人们如何在成长过程中
13:38
to idolize偶像化 their leadership领导,
崇拜他们的领袖,
13:40
only to end结束 up being存在 tortured折磨 by their heroes英雄.
最终却被他们心目中的英雄所带入歧途。
13:42
And torture's折磨的 a terrible可怕 enough足够 thing as it is, but when it's doneDONE by your hero英雄,
误入歧途本身就够糟的,但是如果是被你的英雄误导所致,
13:44
that just breaks休息 you in so many许多 ways方法.
那会令你更加痛不欲生。
13:46
I left Bellevue贝尔维尤, went to business商业 school学校 and started开始 this.
我离开表维医院,转到商学院,并开始构思这部漫画。
13:49
Now, one of the things that I refer参考 to
我的灵感来源之一是
13:54
when I -- about the importance重要性 of this message信息 --
当我-漫画中心思想的重要性
13:56
is that I gave a lecture演讲 at the medical school学校 at Kuwait科威特 University大学,
我在科威特大学的医学院做了一次演讲-
13:58
where I lecture演讲 on the biological生物 basis基础 of behavior行为,
我讲了关于行为的生理基础-
14:00
and I gave the students学生们 two articles用品, one from The New York纽约 Times
还给学生们两篇文章,一篇来自纽约时报,
14:03
and one from New York纽约 magazine杂志.
另一篇来自纽约杂志。
14:05
And I took away the name名称 of the writer作家, the name名称 of the [unclear不明] -- everything was gone走了 except the facts事实.
我把作者的名字撕掉-只留下事实陈述。
14:07
And the first one was about a group called The Party派对 of God,
第一篇文章是关于一个叫做The Party of God的组织,
14:10
who wanted to ban禁止 Valentine's情人节 Day. Red was made制作 illegal非法.
他们想要废除情人节,认为红色是非法的。
14:12
Any boys男孩 and girls女孩 caught抓住 flirting调情
如果发现一个男孩和一个女孩在打情骂俏,
14:15
would get married已婚 off immediately立即, okay.
就要他们立刻结婚。
14:17
The second第二 one was about a woman女人 complaining抱怨的
第二篇文章关于一位妇女的抱怨。
14:19
because three minivans小型货车 with six bearded大胡子 men男人 pulled up
六个留着胡子的男人从三辆小面包车上下来
14:21
and started开始 interrogating询问 her on the spot
开始质问这个妇女
14:23
for talking to a man who wasn't related有关 to her.
为什么她和一个与她没有亲缘关系的男人说话。
14:25
And I asked the students学生们 in Kuwait科威特 where they thought these incidents事故 took place地点.
我让科威特的这些学生猜猜这些事件发生的地点。
14:27
The first one, they said Saudi沙特 Arabia阿拉伯. There was no debate辩论.
他们说第一个故事发生在沙特阿拉伯。没有人提出异议。
14:30
The second第二 one, they were actually其实 split分裂
关于第二个故事,他们一半人说是沙特
14:33
between之间 Saudi沙特 and Afghanistan阿富汗.
一半人说是阿富汗。
14:35
What blew自爆 their mind心神 was the first one took place地点 in India印度,
出乎他们意料的是,第一个故事实际上发生在印度,
14:37
it was the party派对 of a Hindu印度教 God.
那是一个信印度某位神灵的组织。
14:40
The second第二 one took place地点 in upstate北部 New York纽约.
第二个故事发生在纽约的北部地区。
14:43
It was an Orthodox正统 Jewish犹太 community社区.
那里有个东正犹太教社区。
14:45
But what breaks休息 my heart and what's alarming惊人
令我心痛并担忧的是
14:47
is that in those two interviews面试,
在这两则报道中,
14:50
the people around, who were interviewed采访 as well,
被采访的旁观者
14:52
refer参考 to that behavior行为 as Talibanization塔利班.
说这些行为像是塔立班组织才做得出的。
14:54
In other words, good Hindus印度教徒 and good Jews犹太人 don't act法案 this way.
换句话说,善良的印度人和犹太人不会做出这种事。
14:57
This is Islam's伊斯兰教的 influence影响 on Hinduism印度教 and Judaism犹太教.
这是伊斯兰教影响了印度教和犹太教。
15:00
But what do the students学生们 in Kuwait科威特 say? They said it's us --
而科威特的学生是怎么说的?他们说这是我们干的。
15:03
and this is dangerous危险.
这种想法是危险的。
15:06
It's dangerous危险 when a group self-identifies自我识别 itself本身
当一群人都认为自己是极端分子,
15:08
as extreme极端.
这是相当危险的。
15:10
This is one of my sons儿子, RayanRAYAN,
这是我的一个儿子Rayan,
15:13
who's谁是 a Scooby史酷比 Doo addict瘾君子.
他是个史酷比迷。
15:15
You can tell by the glasses眼镜 there.
你看他戴的眼镜就知道了。
15:17
He actually其实 called me a meddling插手 kid孩子 the other day.
他有一天还管我叫淘气小子。
15:19
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
15:21
But I borrow a lesson that I learned学到了 from him.
但是我从他身上学到了一个道理。
15:23
Last summer夏季 when we were in our home in New York纽约,
去年夏天我们在纽约的家里
15:26
he was out in the yard playing播放 in his playhouse剧场. And I was in my office办公室 working加工,
他在院子里玩他的玩具房子。而我正在书房里工作。
15:28
and he came来了 in, "Baba巴巴, I want you to come with me. I want my toy玩具."
他走进来,“爸爸,你跟我过来一下。我想要我的玩具。”
15:31
"Yes, RayanRAYAN, just go away." He left his Scooby史酷比 Doo in his house.
“好,Rehan,你先走。”他把他的史酷比落在他的房子里了。
15:33
I said, "Go away. I'm working加工. I'm busy."
我说,“你走吧。我在工作。我很忙。”
15:35
And what RayanRAYAN did then
结果Rayan
15:38
is he satSAT there, he tapped窃听 his foot脚丫子 on the floor地板, at three and a half,
他就坐在那里,用脚使劲瞪地,
15:40
and he looked看着 at me and he said, "Baba巴巴,
他看着我说,“爸爸,
15:42
I want you to come with me to my office办公室 in my house.
我要你到我家的书房去。
15:44
I have work to do."
我有工作要做。”
15:47
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
15:49
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
15:51
RayanRAYAN reframed重新定义 the situation情况
Rayan改变了局面
15:53
and brought himself他自己 down to my level水平.
并把自己的身份降低到我的程度。
15:55
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
15:57
And with The 99, that is what we aim目标 to do.
这就是The 99的使命。
16:00
You know, I think that there's a big parallel平行
我认为把十字架扭曲
16:03
between之间 bending弯曲 the crucifix十字架 out of shape形状
和创造出十字章
16:05
and creating创建 swastikas纳粹党徽.
其实是一回事。
16:08
And when I see pictures图片 like this, of parents父母 or uncles叔叔
我看到这样一些照片:
16:10
who think it's cute可爱 to have a little child儿童
父母或叔舅让孩子拿着古兰经
16:13
holding保持 a Koran可兰经 and having a suicide自杀 bomber轰炸机 belt around them
还绑着几个自杀炸弹进行示威,
16:15
to protest抗议 something,
他们觉得孩子这样很可爱,
16:18
the hope希望 is by linking链接 enough足够 positive things
而我们希望让人们对古兰经有更多
16:20
to the Koran可兰经,
积极的认识,
16:23
that one day we can move移动 this child儿童
这样有一天我们能把这个孩子
16:25
from being存在 proud骄傲 in the way they're proud骄傲 there,
从为那身行头而得意
16:28
to that.
变成为这个造型而骄傲。
16:31
And I think --
我认为-
16:34
I think The 99
我相信The 99
16:36
can and will achieve实现 its mission任务.
能够完成它的使命。
16:38
As an undergrad本科生 at Tufts塔夫茨 University大学, we were giving away free自由 falafel沙拉三明治 one day
在塔夫斯大学的读本科的时候,我们有一天在免费分发鹰嘴豆饼,
16:42
and, you know, it was Middle中间 East Day or something.
因为当天是中东日。
16:45
And people came来了 up and picked采摘的 up
人们走过来
16:47
the culturally文化 resonant谐振 image图片 of the falafel沙拉三明治,
一看便明白是鹰嘴豆饼,
16:49
ate it and, you know, talked and left.
咬一口,寒暄几句,然后离开。
16:52
And no two people could disagree不同意 about what the word free自由 was
没有谁会误解“免费”和“鹰嘴豆饼”
16:54
and what the word falafel沙拉三明治 was, behind背后 us, "free自由 falafel沙拉三明治." You know.
这两个词的意思。“免费鹰嘴豆饼”(英文里听起来像“释放法拉菲尔”)。
16:56
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
16:58
Or so we thought,
我们也没多想,
17:00
until直到 a woman女人 came来了 rushing across横过 the campus校园
直到一位女士匆匆走过
17:02
and dropped下降 her bag on the floor地板, pointed up to the sign标志 and said,
她把手袋往地上一扔,指着我们的牌子说:
17:04
"Who's谁是 falafel沙拉三明治?"
“谁是法拉菲尔?”
17:06
(Laughter笑声)
(众人大笑)
17:08
True真正 story故事.
千真万确。
17:11
(Laughter笑声)
(众人大笑)
17:13
She was actually其实 coming未来 out of an Amnesty大赦 International国际 meeting会议.
她其实刚参加完大赦国际的会议。
17:15
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
17:18
Just today今天, D.C. Comics漫画 announced公布
今天,D.C.Comic公布了
17:20
the cover of our upcoming即将到来 crossover交叉.
我们新的封面。
17:22
On that cover you see Batman蝙蝠侠, Superman超人
在封面上你们可以看到蝙蝠侠,超人
17:24
and a fully-clothed完全解决温饱 Wonder奇迹 Woman女人
和穿着得体的神奇女侠
17:26
with our Saudi沙特 member会员 of The 99,
在加上99位英雄中来自沙特,
17:28
our Emirati阿联酋 member会员 and our Libyan利比亚 member会员.
阿联酋,和利比亚的三位英雄。
17:30
On April四月 26, 2010,
2010年4月26日,
17:33
President主席 Barack巴拉克 Obama奥巴马 said that
奥巴马总统说
17:35
of all the initiatives倡议 since以来 his now famous著名 Cairo开罗 speech言语 --
自他著名的开罗演讲之后
17:37
in which哪一个 he reached到达 out to the Muslim穆斯林 world世界 --
所采取的一切向穆斯林世界表示友好的行动中-
17:39
the most innovative创新 was that The 99 reach达到 back out
最有创意的就是让The 99
17:41
to the Justice正义 League联盟 of America美国.
加入美国正义联盟。
17:44
We live生活 in a world世界 in which哪一个 the most culturally文化 innocuous无害的 symbols符号,
我们生活在一个像鹰嘴豆饼这样
17:47
like the falafel沙拉三明治, can be misunderstood误解 because of baggage行李,
最无辜的文化符号都会被误解的世界里,
17:49
and where religion宗教 can be twisted扭曲
在这里,宗教被丑化
17:53
and purposefully目的地 made制作 where it's not supposed应该 to be by others其他.
被恶意地曲解。
17:55
In a world世界 like that,
在这样的世界里,
17:57
they'll他们会 always be a job工作 for Superman超人 and The 99.
超人和99位英雄们将斗争到底。
17:59
Thank you very much.
非常感谢大家。
18:02
(Applause掌声)
(热烈掌声)
18:04
Translated by Lili Liang
Reviewed by L Y

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About the speaker:

Naif Al-Mutawa - Creator, The 99
Naif Al-Mutawa has created a group of comic superheroes based on Islamic culture and religion. They derive their superpowers from the 99 attributes of Allah.

Why you should listen

Widad the Loving, Bari the Healer, Mumita the Destroyer and friends, all working together to fight evil -- the virtues of Islam are embodied in the characters of the thrilling new comic The 99. Naif Al-Mutawa, a clinical psychologist by training, created the characters with a team of artists and writers to showcase traditional, tolerant and enlightened Muslim values in the guise of good old-fashioned superheroes, ordinary mortals who acquire special powers and crisscross the globe on missions.

Soon, the 99 heroes will be saving the world alongside all-American heroes Superman, Wonder Woman and Batman in a crossover comic with the Justice League. The 99 comic is the corner stone of an expanding family (moving toward videogames and theme parks) that will bring these characters into the mainstream; an animated cartoon series has been announced for fall 2010 on US cable channel The Hub. And US President Barack Obama recently commended The 99 for capturing the imagination of young people through their message of tolerance.

More profile about the speaker
Naif Al-Mutawa | Speaker | TED.com