David R. Williams: How racism makes us sick
David R. Williams - Public health sociologist
David R. Williams asks: What if we decided to tackle the striking levels of early death and poor health that are due to the color of one's skin? Full bio
of the Class of 1970.
top civil rights lawyers.
that was three times higher
being shot by the police.
in the United States.
of blacks and whites were equal.
about racial differences
economic status matters for health,
at life expectancy at age 25,
between blacks and whites.
for both whites and blacks
at every level of education,
than their black counterparts,
with a college degree
so profoundly for health?
beyond education and income
the health of blacks.
adversely impacting blacks,
in Washington, DC,
of the priorities for research
in which racism affected health.
with me that racism was important,
if we put our minds to it."
major experiences of discrimination,
or being unfairly stopped by the police.
in more minor and subtle experiences,
called the Everyday Discrimination Scale,
with less courtesy than others,
than others in restaurants or stores,
of a broad range of diseases
are observed at a very young age.
levels of discrimination as teenagers
profound ways for health.
discrimination in medical care.
based on the scientific evidence,
of medical treatment,
that's called "implicit bias"
by social psychologists
a negative stereotype
It's an automatic process.
the most well-intentioned individuals.
of social institutions.
in very different neighborhood contexts,
of institutional racism.
in the United States.
in access to medical care.
cities in the United States
under equal conditions to blacks,
in which whites reside
context of black communities.
black-white differences in income,
in single motherhood
and individual discrimination.
have put together a database
American would read over their lifetime.
have seen words paired together
appears in American culture,
an unarmed black male
to be violent and dangerous,
with an inherently bad cop.
what he has been exposed to
a determinant of your destiny.
from the University of Michigan.
less successful than I have.
in the United States
of income whites earned.
that white families receive,
are even more stunning.
that whites have,
and Latinos have seven pennies.
some racial groups in the United States.
even their lives to open the doors
that those doors remain open
can walk through those doors.
or woman, I would add --
of oppression and resistance."
the health of their patients
the nonmedical needs their patients have.
has built a gateway college
to delivering medical care,
low-income community members
they need to get a decent job.
the risks for heart disease
across the United States,
academic enrichment and mentoring
fallen behind in school.
the health of black adults
the tools they need
a health transcript
the negative effects of segregation
and from the mistrust.
but to do better."
About the speaker:David R. Williams - Public health sociologist
David R. Williams asks: What if we decided to tackle the striking levels of early death and poor health that are due to the color of one's skin?
Why you should listen
Dr. David R. Williams has played a visible national leadership role in raising awareness levels about health disparities and identifying interventions to address them. The author of more than 400 scientific papers, Williams developed the Everyday Discrimination Scale, which is currently one of the most widely used measures to assess perceived discrimination in health studies. He was ranked as the world's most cited black scholar in the social sciences in 2008, and Thomson Reuters ranked him as one of the world's most influential scientific minds in 2014.
Williams is currently the Norman Professor of Public Health at Harvard's T. H. Chan School of Public Health and Professor of African and African American Studies and of Sociology at Harvard University. He holds an MPH degree from Loma Linda University and a PhD in Sociology from the University of Michigan.
David R. Williams | Speaker | TED.com