English-Video.net comment policy

The comment field is common to all languages

Let's write in your language and use "Google Translate" together

Please refer to informative community guidelines on TED.com

TED2015

LaToya Ruby Frazier: A visual history of inequality in industrial America

LaToya Ruby Frazier: 视觉历史记录工业化美国中的不平等

Filmed
Views 1,180,036

在过去的12年中,LaToya Ruby Frazier拍摄了宾夕法尼亚州布拉多克的朋友、邻居和家人。尽管最近这个钢铁城镇被冠以“没落工业地区重新振兴”的代表称号,Frazier的照片却展现了一个不同的故事,是一个关于不平等和环境毒害的真实影响的故事。在这个简短有力的演讲中,这位TED成员分享了一个深刻的个人视角下的神秘世界。

- Photographer
LaToya Ruby Frazier focuses her camera lens on her family and her hometown of Braddock, Pennsylvania, to explore themes of family, inequality, health care and environmental racism. Full bio

Along沿 the ancient path路径
of the Monongahela莫农加希拉 River,
沿着古老的莫农加希拉河,
00:13
Braddock布拉多克, Pennsylvania宾夕法尼亚 sits坐镇
in the eastern region地区 of Allegheny阿勒格尼 County,
宾夕法尼亚州的布拉多克,
坐落在阿利根尼县的东部地区,
00:17
approximately nine miles英里
outside of Pittsburgh匹兹堡.
距匹兹堡市中心大约九英里。
00:22
An industrial产业 suburb市郊,
作为工业市郊,
00:28
Braddock布拉多克 is home
to Andrew安德鲁 Carnegie's卡内基国际和平基金会 first第一 steel mill,
布拉多克开设有安德鲁卡耐基的
第一座钢厂,
00:30
the Edgar埃德加 Thomson汤姆森 Works作品.
即埃德加托马斯工厂。
00:34
Operating操作 since以来 1875,
它于1875年投入运营,
00:37
it is the last持续 functioning功能
steel mill in the region地区.
如今是该地区最后一个
还在运转的钢厂。
00:39
For 12 years年份, I have produced生成
collaborative共同 portraits画像,
12年来,我制作了群体人物,
00:45
still仍然 lifes静物, landscapes景观 and aerial天线 views意见
静态生活,风景地貌,俯瞰图景,
00:50
in order订购 to build建立 a visual视觉 archive档案
to address地址 the intersection路口
为的是建立一个视觉档案,
00:54
of the steel industry行业,
以凸显钢铁工业,
00:59
the environment环境,
环境,
01:01
and the health健康 care关心 system's系统 impact碰撞
on the bodies身体 of my我的 family家庭 and community社区.
以及医疗卫生系统的交叉点
对我家人和社区的影响。
01:03
The tradition传统 and grand盛大
narrative叙述 of Braddock布拉多克
对布拉多克传统且宏大的的描述
01:11
is mostly大多 comprised of stories故事
of industrialists工业 and trade贸易 unions工会.
多是由工业家和工会的故事组成。
01:14
Currently目前, the new narrative叙述
about Braddock布拉多克,
如今,作为没落工业地区
重新振兴的代表,
01:20
a poster海报 child儿童 for Rust Belt
revitalization振兴,
对布拉多克的新描述,
01:25
is a story故事 of urban城市的 pioneers开拓者
discovering发现 a new frontier边境.
是城市先驱开拓前沿的故事。
01:28
Mass media媒体 has omitted省略 the fact事实
that Braddock布拉多克 is predominantly主要 black黑色.
大量媒体忽略了布拉多克的居民
以黑人为主的事实。
01:34
Our我们 existence存在 has been co-opted增选,
silenced沉默 and erased擦除.
我们的存在被消融、
被压制、被抹去了。
01:41
Fourth第四 generation in a lineage血统 of women妇女,
作为家族中第四代女性,
01:47
I was raised上调 under the protection保护
and care关心 of Grandma奶奶 Ruby红宝石,
我在祖母露比的保护和照顾下
01:51
off 8th Street
at 805 Washington华盛顿 Avenue大街.
成长在华盛顿大街805号第八街道旁。
01:56
She worked工作 as a manager经理 for Goodwill善意.
她曾是Goodwill的经理。
02:01
Mom妈妈 was a nurse's护士 aid援助.
我母亲是一位看护助理。
02:07
She watched看着 the steel mills钢厂 close
and white白色 flight飞行 to suburban郊区的 developments发展.
她见证了钢厂倒闭,
白人来到市郊发展创业。
02:08
By the time时间 my我的 generation
walked the streets街道,
到了我这一代漫步在街道上时,
02:16
disinvestment撤资 at the local本地,
state and federal联邦 level水平,
地方、州和联邦政府的撤资,
02:19
eroded侵蚀 infrastructure基础设施,
损毁的公共设施,
02:24
and the War战争 on Drugs毒品
dismantled拆除 my我的 family家庭 and community社区.
针对毒品的打击,
拆散了我的家人和社区。
02:26
Grandma奶奶 Ruby'sRuby的 stepfather后爹 Gramps外公
祖母露比的继父格兰普斯
02:33
was one of few少数 black黑色 men男人 to retire退休
from Carnegie's卡内基国际和平基金会 mill with his他的 pension养老金.
是少数从卡耐基钢厂拿到
养老金退休的黑人之一。
02:36
He worked工作 in high temperatures温度,
他工作在高温下,
02:40
tearing撕裂 down and rebuilding重建 furnaces,
cleaning清洁的 up向上 spilt metal金属 and slag矿渣.
拆除再重组熔炉,
清除溢出的金属和炉渣。
02:43
The history历史 of a place地点 is written书面
on the body身体 and the landscape景观.
一个地方的历史是书写在
人体和市容上的。
02:49
Areas地区 of heavy truck卡车 traffic交通,
这些地区有重型卡车来来往往,
02:57
exposure曝光 to benzene and atomized雾化 metals金属,
弥漫着苯和雾化金属物,
03:00
risk风险 cancer癌症 and lupus狼疮.
癌症和狼疮的风险无处不在。
03:04
One一个 hundred twenty-three二十三 licensed领有牌照 beds,
652 employees雇员,
一百二十三张获批的床位,
六百五十二名雇员,
03:10
rehabilitation复原 programs程式 decimated元气大伤.
善后项目大幅度减少。
03:15
A housing住房 discrimination区别 lawsuit诉讼
against反对 Allegheny阿勒格尼 County
一桩针对阿利根尼县的
住房歧视诉讼
03:23
removed去除 where哪里 the projects项目
Talbot塔尔博特 Towers once一旦 stood站在.
移除了曾经伫立的塔尔博特塔。
03:27
Recent最近 rezoning重新分区 for more更多 light industry行业
has since以来 appeared出现.
最近,为了更多的轻工业发展,
出现了分区再规划。
03:33
Google谷歌 Maps地图 and Google谷歌 Earth地球 pixelationspixelations
conceal隐藏 the flammable易燃的 waste浪费
谷歌地图和谷歌地球
隐去了易燃废料,
03:39
being存在 used to squeeze the Bunn邦恩 family家庭
off their home and land土地.
它们曾被用于将邦恩家族
排挤出他们的家园和土地。
03:45
In 2013, I chartered包车 a helicopter直升机
在2013年,我租用了一架直升飞机,
03:53
with my我的 cameras相机 to document文件
this这个 aggressive侵略性 dispossession剥夺.
带着我的相机去记录
这些侵略性的土地剥夺。
03:57
In flight飞行, my我的 observation意见 reveals揭示
thousands数千 of plastic塑料 white白色 bundles捆绑
在飞机上,我的视野中出现了
成千上万捆的白色塑料,
04:05
owned拥有的 by a conservation保护 industry行业
它们属于一家环保企业,
04:10
that claims索赔 it's它的 eco-friendly环保的
声称这些塑料是环保的,
04:13
and recycles再循环 millions百万 of tires轮胎
而且是循环利用了数百万的轮胎
04:15
to preserve保留 people's人们 lives生活
去保障人民的生活,
04:18
and to improve提高 people's人们 lives生活.
并提升生活的品质。
04:21
My work spirals螺旋 from the micro
to the macro level水平,
我的工作从微观层面
提升到宏观层面,
04:25
excavating挖掘 hidden histories历史.
挖掘隐藏在背后的故事。
04:30
Recently最近, at the Seattle西雅图 Art艺术 Museum博物馆,
最近,在西雅图艺术博物馆,
04:33
Isaac艾萨克 Bunn邦恩 and I mounted安装 this这个 exhibition展览,
艾萨克邦恩和我安排了这个展览,
04:36
and the exhibition展览 was used
as a platform平台 to launch发射 his他的 voice语音.
展览被当作让他发声的一个平台。
04:40
Through通过 reclamation开垦 of our我们的 narrative叙述,
通过不断丰富修正我们的描述,
04:46
we我们 will continue继续 to fight斗争 historic历史性 erasure擦除
and socioeconomic社会经济 inequality不等式.
我们将继续为历史的磨灭和
社会经济的不平等而战斗。
04:49
Thank谢谢 you.
谢谢。
04:56
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
04:58
Translated by Yanjia Yang
Reviewed by Stephanie Yu

▲Back to top

About the speaker:

LaToya Ruby Frazier - Photographer
LaToya Ruby Frazier focuses her camera lens on her family and her hometown of Braddock, Pennsylvania, to explore themes of family, inequality, health care and environmental racism.

Why you should listen

TED Fellow LaToya Ruby Frazier uses photography, video and performance to address issues of industrialism, rustbelt revitalization, environmental justice, healthcare inequality, family and communal history. Some of her work, which features images of her mother and grandmother (Grandma Ruby) was published in her first book, The Notion of Family, which received the International Center for Photography Infinity Award.

She has exhibited her work widely in the United States and elsewhere, with solo exhibitions at the Brooklyn Museum, Seattle Art Museum, the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston and the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston. She is an assistant professor of photography at the School of Art Institute of Chicago, having previously taught at Yale, Rutgers and Syracuse University.

LaToya received her BFA in applied media arts from Edinboro University of Pennsylvania and her MFA in art photography from Syracuse University. She was the Guna S. Mundheim Fellow for visual arts at the American Academy in Berlin in 2013 and won a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation in 2014. She is also a 2015 MacArthur Fellow.

More profile about the speaker
LaToya Ruby Frazier | Speaker | TED.com