Simone Bianco and Tom Zimmerman: The wonderful world of life in a drop of water
A theoretical physicist by training, IBM's Simone Bianco believes that the 21st century will be the century when the synergy between AI and biology will be fully realized. Full bioTom Zimmerman - Master inventor
Tom Zimmerman is a master inventor at IBM Research – Almaden exploring the frontiers of human-machine interaction and environmental sensing. Full bio
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on a fantastic journey
because a half a billion years ago
of oxygen in the air,
but you probably know them as plankton.
and I'm an inventor.
about an invention I made --
could solve a big problem he was having.
of plankton in 3D fast enough
their sensing and behavior.
for my microscope, so ...
studying these amazing creatures.
to discover something.
your breath for a second.
two-thirds of our oxygen using the sun.
because they're still here.
surface temperature of the earth
we are pumping into the air.
may not seem like a big deal to us,
that the global phytoplankton population
as 40 percent between 1950 and 2010
the fish that eat them.
around the world
of protein from animals.
we will need to replace.
that is interesting.
of the carbon we burn today.
clean that carbon out of the air.
hold a grudge.
of carbon we are dumping into the air.
that our big carbon footprint
that sustain us.
that allow us to breathe
about something you cannot see.
in "The Little Prince" that goes,
is invisible to the eye."
that if more people could come
we could all rally together
to life on our planet.
scuba diving with plankton.
by a factor of 1000,
of a human hair is as big as my hand.
a machine to do just that.
I saw "Fantastic Voyage,"
through the bloodstream
by science fiction.
and turn fantasy into reality.
people like you explore the virtual world.
that got Simone's attention.
behind the lens.
of plankton water
change the water on.
of the plankton on the image sensor.
is an XY plotter,
to follow the plankton as they swim.
the microscope with my head.
from this image sensor.
I can move the microscope.
to go scuba diving with plankton.
of life in a drop of water.
at all limited to a single drop.
in the center of your screen,
of our waters.
by the environment.
nature is an amazing recycler.
they are decomposed and recycled,
by solar energy.
if, you know, our garbage collectors
Let's look for something else.
those are amazing creatures.
but they are a single cell.
it's about 1,000 cells --
15 for the stomach
if you ask me.
and react to its environment.
when it's happy;
to get away from something
for Cellular Construction
of contamination in food and water,
that are, let's say, behind everything,
the majority of oxygen in the air.
and carbon dioxide
your lungs right now.
got their photosynthesis capability
tiny plankton into their cells.
solar panels on top of our roofs.
is even more amazing than science fiction.
how vital plankton are to our lives
take your pick.
you win or you die.
we have known about global warming
of burning fossil fuel
but it's not too late if we act now.
our world is based on fossil fuels,
to run on renewable energy from the Sun
and secure future.
here, the plankton,
of people all around the globe
they're swimming around,
to eat and reproduce.
have the same agenda.
makes a country vulnerable.
all around the oil resources.
is distributed around the whole globe,
coal is like an unfiltered type.
the best time to quit is when?
some people may abandon facts and reason.
and inevitably force change.
our neocortex, our new brain,
creatures on the earth.
to harness the energy
for millions of years --
ABOUT THE SPEAKERSSimone Bianco - Cell engineer
A theoretical physicist by training, IBM's Simone Bianco believes that the 21st century will be the century when the synergy between AI and biology will be fully realized.
Why you should listen
Simone Bianco, PhD, is research staff member and IBM rock star at IBM Research – Almaden, where he leads the Cellular Engineering group. He's passionate about making biology a quantitative science by using tools from mathematics, physics, engineering and computer science. He believes this interdisciplinary approach will not only impact biological and medical fields but also will advance biologically inspired engineering and computer science. His research spans many scientific fields, from genomic and evolutionary biology to bioengineering, epidemiology, statistical physics and computer science.
Bianco studied physics at the University of Pisa, Italy, the school of Galileo Galilei and Enrico Fermi, and he got his PhD from the University of North Texas. He held research appointments at the College of William and Mary and at the University of California San Francisco. Bianco is a founding principal investigator of the Center for Cellular Construction, an NSF funded multi-institution initiative which aims to build self-organized devices from living organisms.
Simone Bianco | Speaker | TED.com
Tom Zimmerman - Master inventor
Tom Zimmerman is a master inventor at IBM Research – Almaden exploring the frontiers of human-machine interaction and environmental sensing.
Why you should listen
Tom Zimmerman has more than 60 patents on user input devices, wireless communication, image and audio signal processing, biometrics, encryption and microscopy. His Data Glove and PowerGlove inventions helped establish the field of virtual reality. His electric field Personal Area Network invention sends data through the human body, and it can prevent airbags from injuring children in cars. Zimmerman's environmental work includes research on the yaw stability of wind turbines and solar thermal storage at MIT, and building wireless sensors to monitor sea turtles in the US and Costa Rica.
Zimmerman is currently developing AI-powered microscopes to monitor plankton in their natural environment and studying the response of plankton to toxins in his work with the Center For Cellular Construction. He supports the DIY community through articles in Make Magazine and his passion for volunteering in the public schools earned him the California Medal for Service from Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver.
Tom Zimmerman | Speaker | TED.com