English-Video.net comment policy

The comment field is common to all languages

Let's write in your language and use "Google Translate" together

Please refer to informative community guidelines on TED.com

TEDxKC

Martin Pistorius: How my mind came back to life — and no one knew

Filmed
Views 2,131,418

Imagine being unable to say, "I am hungry," "I am in pain," "thank you," or "I love you,” -- losing your ability to communicate, being trapped inside your body, surrounded by people yet utterly alone. For 13 long years, that was Martin Pistorius’s reality. After contracting a brain infection at the age of twelve, Pistorius lost his ability to control his movements and to speak, and eventually he failed every test for mental awareness. He had become a ghost. But then a strange thing started to happen -- his mind began to knit itself back together. In this moving talk, Pistorius tells how he freed himself from a life locked inside his own body.

- Author, designer
At age 12, Martin Pistorius fell into a coma, and spent 13 years locked inside his body, unable to communicate -- until a caregiver noticed his eyes responded to her. His book "Ghost Boy" tells his story. Full bio

Imagine being unable to say,
"I am hungry," "I am in pain,"
00:12
"thank you," or "I love you."
00:18
Being trapped inside your body,
00:20
a body that doesn't respond to commands.
00:22
Surrounded by people,
00:26
yet utterly alone.
00:27
Wishing you could reach out,
00:29
to connect, to comfort, to participate.
00:31
For 13 long years, that was my reality.
00:35
Most of us never think twice
about talking, about communicating.
00:39
I've thought a lot about it.
00:45
I've had a lot of time to think.
00:47
For the first 12 years of my life,
00:49
I was a normal, happy, healthy little boy.
00:52
Then everything changed.
00:54
I contracted a brain infection.
00:56
The doctors weren't sure what it was,
00:59
but they treated me the best they could.
01:01
However, I progressively got worse.
01:04
Eventually, I lost my ability
to control my movements,
01:07
make eye contact,
01:11
and finally, my ability to speak.
01:13
While in hospital,
01:17
I desperately wanted to go home.
01:18
I said to my mother, "When home?"
01:21
Those were the last words
I ever spoke with my own voice.
01:24
I would eventually fail every test
for mental awareness.
01:28
My parents were told
I was as good as not there.
01:32
A vegetable, having the intelligence
of a three-month-old baby.
01:35
They were told to take me home
and try to keep me comfortable
01:40
until I died.
01:43
My parents, in fact
my entire family's lives,
01:46
became consumed by taking care of me
the best they knew how.
01:49
Their friends drifted away.
01:53
One year turned to two,
01:56
two turned to three.
01:58
It seemed like the person I once was
began to disappear.
02:00
The Lego blocks and electronic circuits
I'd loved as a boy were put away.
02:04
I had been moved out of my bedroom
into another more practical one.
02:09
I had become a ghost,
02:14
a faded memory of a boy
people once knew and loved.
02:15
Meanwhile, my mind began
knitting itself back together.
02:20
Gradually, my awareness started to return.
02:24
But no one realized
that I had come back to life.
02:27
I was aware of everything,
02:30
just like any normal person.
02:32
I could see and understand everything,
02:34
but I couldn't find a way
to let anybody know.
02:37
My personality was entombed
within a seemingly silent body,
02:40
a vibrant mind hidden in plain sight
within a chrysalis.
02:44
The stark reality hit me
that I was going to spend
02:48
the rest of my life locked inside myself,
02:51
totally alone.
02:54
I was trapped with only
my thoughts for company.
02:56
I would never be rescued.
02:59
No one would ever show me tenderness.
03:01
I would never talk to a friend.
03:04
No one would ever love me.
03:07
I had no dreams, no hope,
nothing to look forward to.
03:09
Well, nothing pleasant.
03:14
I lived in fear,
03:16
and, to put it bluntly,
03:17
was waiting for death
to finally release me,
03:19
expecting to die all alone in a care home.
03:22
I don't know if it's truly possible
to express in words
03:26
what it's like not to be able
to communicate.
03:29
Your personality appears
to vanish into a heavy fog
03:32
and all of your emotions and desires are
constricted, stifled and muted within you.
03:36
For me, the worst was the feeling
of utter powerlessness.
03:42
I simply existed.
03:46
It's a very dark place to find yourself
03:48
because in a sense, you have vanished.
03:51
Other people controlled
every aspect of my life.
03:55
They decided what I ate and when.
03:58
Whether I was laid on my side
or strapped into my wheelchair.
04:00
I often spent my days
positioned in front of the TV
04:04
watching Barney reruns.
04:07
I think because Barney
is so happy and jolly,
04:10
and I absolutely wasn't,
04:13
it made it so much worse.
04:15
I was completely powerless
to change anything in my life
04:17
or people's perceptions of me.
04:21
I was a silent, invisible observer
of how people behaved
04:23
when they thought no one was watching.
04:27
Unfortunately, I wasn't only an observer.
04:29
With no way to communicate,
I became the perfect victim:
04:33
a defenseless object,
seemingly devoid of feelings
04:37
that people used
to play out their darkest desires.
04:41
For more than 10 years,
people who were charged with my care
04:45
abused me physically,
verbally and sexually.
04:48
Despite what they thought, I did feel.
04:52
The first time it happened,
04:56
I was shocked and filled with disbelief.
04:58
How could they do this to me?
05:00
I was confused.
05:03
What had I done to deserve this?
05:04
Part of me wanted to cry
and another part wanted to fight.
05:07
Hurt, sadness and anger
flooded through me.
05:11
I felt worthless.
05:15
There was no one to comfort me.
05:17
But neither of my parents
knew this was happening.
05:20
I lived in terror, knowing
it would happen again and again.
05:23
I just never knew when.
05:27
All I knew was that I would
never be the same.
05:29
I remember once listening
to Whitney Houston singing,
05:33
"No matter what they take from me,
they can't take away my dignity."
05:37
And I thought to myself,
"You want to bet?"
05:41
Perhaps my parents could have
found out and could have helped.
05:47
But the years of constant caretaking,
05:50
having to wake up
every two hours to turn me,
05:53
combined with them essentially
grieving the loss of their son,
05:56
had taken a toll on my mother and father.
05:59
Following yet another heated argument
between my parents,
06:02
in a moment of despair and desperation,
06:06
my mother turned to me
and told me that I should die.
06:09
I was shocked, but as I thought
about what she had said,
06:14
I was filled with enormous compassion
and love for my mother,
06:17
yet I could do nothing about it.
06:21
There were many moments when I gave up,
06:24
sinking into a dark abyss.
06:27
I remember one particularly low moment.
06:29
My dad left me alone in the car
06:32
while he quickly went
to buy something from the store.
06:34
A random stranger walked past,
06:38
looked at me and he smiled.
06:41
I may never know why, but that simple act,
06:44
the fleeting moment of human connection,
06:48
transformed how I was feeling,
06:50
making me want to keep going.
06:52
My existence was tortured by monotony,
06:55
a reality that was often too much to bear.
06:58
Alone with my thoughts,
I constructed intricate fantasies
07:01
about ants running across the floor.
07:05
I taught myself to tell the time
by noticing where the shadows were.
07:09
As I learned how the shadows moved
as the hours of the day passed,
07:14
I understood how long it would be
before I was picked up and taken home.
07:18
Seeing my father walk
through the door to collect me
07:23
was the best moment of the day.
07:26
My mind became a tool that I could use
07:29
to either close down
to retreat from my reality
07:31
or enlarge into a gigantic space
that I could fill with fantasies.
07:34
I hoped that my reality would change
07:39
and someone would see
that I had come back to life.
07:41
But I had been washed away
like a sand castle
07:44
built too close to the waves,
07:47
and in my place was the person
people expected me to be.
07:49
To some I was Martin,
a vacant shell, the vegetable,
07:53
deserving of harsh words,
dismissal and even abuse.
07:57
To others, I was the tragically
brain-damaged boy
08:02
who had grown to become a man.
08:04
Someone they were kind to and cared for.
08:07
Good or bad, I was a blank canvas
08:10
onto which different versions
of myself were projected.
08:12
It took someone new
to see me in a different way.
08:17
An aromatherapist began coming
to the care home about once a week.
08:20
Whether through intuition
or her attention to details
08:24
that others failed to notice,
08:27
she became convinced that I could
understand what was being said.
08:29
She urged my parents
to have me tested by experts
08:33
in augmentative
and alternative communication.
08:37
And within a year,
08:40
I was beginning to use
a computer program to communicate.
08:42
It was exhilarating,
but frustrating at times.
08:46
I had so many words in my mind,
08:49
that I couldn't wait
to be able to share them.
08:51
Sometimes, I would say things to myself
simply because I could.
08:54
In myself, I had a ready audience,
08:59
and I believed that by expressing
my thoughts and wishes,
09:02
others would listen, too.
09:05
But as I began to communicate more,
09:07
I realized that it was in fact
only just the beginning
09:09
of creating a new voice for myself.
09:12
I was thrust into a world
I didn't quite know how to function in.
09:15
I stopped going to the care home
09:19
and managed to get my first job
making photocopies.
09:21
As simple as this may sound,
it was amazing.
09:25
My new world was really exciting
09:28
but often quite overwhelming
and frightening.
09:30
I was like a man-child,
09:33
and as liberating as it often was,
09:35
I struggled.
09:37
I also learned that many of those
who had known me for a long time
09:39
found it impossible to abandon the idea
of Martin they had in their heads.
09:43
While those I had only just met
09:47
struggled to look past the image
of a silent man in a wheelchair.
09:49
I realized that some people
would only listen to me
09:54
if what I said was in line
with what they expected.
09:56
Otherwise, it was disregarded
09:59
and they did what they felt was best.
10:01
I discovered that true communication
10:04
is about more than merely
physically conveying a message.
10:06
It is about getting the message
heard and respected.
10:10
Still, things were going well.
10:14
My body was slowly getting stronger.
10:17
I had a job in computing that I loved,
10:19
and had even got Kojak, the dog
I had been dreaming about for years.
10:22
However, I longed to share
my life with someone.
10:27
I remember staring out the window
as my dad drove me home from work,
10:31
thinking I have so much love inside of me
and nobody to give it to.
10:35
Just as I had resigned myself
to being single for the rest of my life,
10:40
I met Joan.
10:44
Not only is she the best thing
that has ever happened to me,
10:46
but Joan helped me to challenge
my own misconceptions about myself.
10:50
Joan said it was through my words
that she fell in love with me.
10:55
However, after all I had been through,
10:59
I still couldn't shake the belief
11:02
that nobody could truly see
beyond my disability
11:04
and accept me for who I am.
11:07
I also really struggled
to comprehend that I was a man.
11:10
The first time someone
referred to me as a man,
11:14
it stopped me in my tracks.
11:17
I felt like looking around
and asking, "Who, me?"
11:19
That all changed with Joan.
11:24
We have an amazing connection
11:26
and I learned how important it is
to communicate openly and honestly.
11:27
I felt safe, and it gave me the confidence
to truly say what I thought.
11:32
I started to feel whole again,
a man worthy of love.
11:37
I began to reshape my destiny.
11:41
I spoke up a little more at work.
11:44
I asserted my need for independence
to the people around me.
11:46
Being given a means of communication
changed everything.
11:50
I used the power of words and will
to challenge the preconceptions
11:54
of those around me
and those I had of myself.
11:59
Communication is what makes us human,
12:02
enabling us to connect
on the deepest level
12:05
with those around us --
12:07
telling our own stories,
12:09
expressing wants, needs and desires,
12:11
or hearing those of others
by really listening.
12:14
All this is how the world
knows who we are.
12:18
So who are we without it?
12:21
True communication increases understanding
12:24
and creates a more caring
and compassionate world.
12:27
Once, I was perceived
to be an inanimate object,
12:31
a mindless phantom
of a boy in a wheelchair.
12:34
Today, I am so much more.
12:38
A husband, a son, a friend,
12:40
a brother, a business owner,
a first-class honors graduate,
12:42
a keen amateur photographer.
12:47
It is my ability to communicate
that has given me all this.
12:49
We are told that actions
speak louder than words.
12:54
But I wonder,
12:58
do they?
13:00
Our words, however we communicate them,
13:02
are just as powerful.
13:05
Whether we speak the words
with our own voices,
13:07
type them with our eyes,
13:10
or communicate them non-verbally
to someone who speaks them for us,
13:11
words are among our most powerful tools.
13:16
I have come to you through
a terrible darkness,
13:20
pulled from it by caring souls
13:23
and by language itself.
13:25
The act of you listening to me today
brings me farther into the light.
13:27
We are shining here together.
13:31
If there is one most difficult obstacle
to my way of communicating,
13:34
it is that sometimes I want to shout
13:38
and other times simply to whisper
a word of love or gratitude.
13:40
It all sounds the same.
13:44
But if you will,
13:46
please imagine these next two words
as warmly as you can:
13:48
Thank you.
13:54
(Applause)
13:56

▲Back to top

About the speaker:

Martin Pistorius - Author, designer
At age 12, Martin Pistorius fell into a coma, and spent 13 years locked inside his body, unable to communicate -- until a caregiver noticed his eyes responded to her. His book "Ghost Boy" tells his story.

Why you should listen
Martin Pistorius is a web designer and author whose personal story borders on the unimaginable. In his book Ghost Boy, he tells the story of his return to consciousness after a horrible illness ... and his struggle to tell the world that he was still there, inside his body, hoping to communicate.
More profile about the speaker
Martin Pistorius | Speaker | TED.com