Julia Bacha: How women wage conflict without violence
Julia Bacha - Filmmaker
Julia Bacha is the creative director at Just Vision, an organization that uses film and multimedia storytelling to foster constructive conversations on some of the most divisive issues of our times. Full bio
a camera for the first time
in a Palestinian village in the West Bank.
to make a single documentary
to some other part of the world.
hear about that part of the world,
that conflict to go away.
and we wish it could just disappear.
about other conflicts around the world.
our attention to the news,
has gone up in flames.
looking at conflict in a different way --
wishing to end conflict,
at the nonprofit Just Vision.
of struggles in the Middle East,
on the more successful ones.
held across cases, and if they did,
for waging constructive conflict,
major political conflicts
found that nonviolent campaigns
to lead to success than violent campaigns.
less likely to cause physical harm
to more peaceful and democratic societies.
is a more effective and constructive way
why don't more groups use it?
choice of tactics.
that the greatest predictor
to adopt nonviolence or violence
is more left-wing or right-wing,
influenced by religious beliefs,
a democracy or a dictatorship,
that that group is facing.
decision to adopt nonviolence
the role of women in public life.
the chances it will adopt nonviolence,
with my own documentation
in Israel and Palestine.
welcome women into leadership positions,
in a village called Budrus,
to achieve their goals.
of being wiped off the map
the separation barrier.
olive groves, their cemeteries
close the village from all sides.
campaign to stop that from happening.
stacked against them.
in front of a bulldozer
an olive tree, stopping it.
of Budrus realized what was possible
to participate in public life.
went to the front lines day after day,
to overcome multiple obstacles they faced
tell at this point,
was changed completely
recognized green line,
came to be known across the West Bank
which you helped me do,
two very serious misunderstandings
more peaceful than men.
being in the less powerful position
pressure for change
against women in a derogatory way,
have often had to find ways
to achieve their goals.
to direct confrontation
my experiences in the Middle East,
to educate Muslim and Arab societies
they would be more successful.
of the most influential movements
to the international community.
in the more confrontational scenes
in our news cycle.
that not only erases women
the struggles themselves.
an uprising started in Gaza,
and East Jerusalem.
any visual memory of it
throwing rocks at Israeli tanks.
Molotov cocktails and burning tires
taking place in the Intifada.
by widespread nonviolent organizing
and the creation of parallel institutions.
civilian population mobilized,
factions and class lines.
of popular committees,
and communal self-help projects
during the First Intifada were unarmed.
part of our narrative about that time.
calling the shots behind the scenes:
hundreds of thousands of people
consent from the occupation.
a self-sufficient Palestinian economy
to grow vegetables in their backyards,
by the Israeli authorities at that time;
containing the uprising's directives
across the territories
to 3,000 in a single year.
into our narrative of the First Intifada.
of the globe, too.
and in our collective consciousness,
for racial justice in the United States.
a critical driving force,
taking to the streets.
Civil Rights era?
in every phase of the struggle,
literacy and education.
who played critical roles
Civil Rights Movement.
to how we see ourselves,
like the First Intifada
and have a critical influence
critical roles in these struggles,
to future generations.
a movement will be successful or not
regarding the role of women
and peaceful societies.
change is happening,
at an increasingly faster pace,
of whether we will face conflict,
About the speaker:Julia Bacha - Filmmaker
Julia Bacha is the creative director at Just Vision, an organization that uses film and multimedia storytelling to foster constructive conversations on some of the most divisive issues of our times.
Why you should listen
Bacha started her filmmaking career writing and editing Control Room (2004), a documentary about the inner workings of the Arab satellite television channel Al Jazeera. She then wrote and co-directed Encounter Point (2006) and directed Budrus (2009), both stories of courageous bridge-building between Palestinians and Israelis in a highly volatile environment. Her most recent film, My Neighborhood (2012), follows a Palestinian teenager struggling to reclaim his home in East Jerusalem from Jewish settlers. She is now directing a film about the Palestinian women who secretly led the First Intifada, for which she was awarded a 2016 Guggenheim Fellowship.
Julia Bacha | Speaker | TED.com