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TEDxManhattanBeach

Eduardo Briceño: How to get better at the things you care about

Eduardo Briceño: 如何在你重视的事情上做的更好

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努力工作却无长进?你不是唯一的一个。不管是关于工作,为人父母还是兴趣爱好,教育管理者Eduardo Briceño向你揭示了一个如何做好现行事情的易行办法。他也分享了一些可以让你不断学习和永葆进步的实用技巧。

- Learning expert
Eduardo Briceño is a learner, leader, speaker and writer devoted to enabling a more learning-oriented world. Full bio

这一辈子,
00:12
Most of us go through通过 life trying
to do our best最好 at whatever随你 we do,
不管是我们的工作事务、家庭琐事、学校任务,
或是其他,
00:16
whether是否 it's our job工作, family家庭, school学校
我们大都尽己所能,做到最好,
00:19
or anything else其他.
我这么想,也这么做。
00:21
I feel that way. I try my best最好.
但是一段时间以前,我意识到,
00:23
But some time ago, I came来了 to a realization实现
我在我最在乎的事情上并没有进步,
00:26
that I wasn't getting得到 much better
at the things I cared照顾 most about,
不管是作为丈夫或是朋友,
00:30
whether是否 it was being存在 a husband丈夫 or a friend朋友
或是专家,或者队友。
00:33
or a professional专业的 or teammate队友,
即使我在这些事上花费了大量时间,
00:36
and I wasn't improving提高
much at those things
做了很多努力,
00:38
even though虽然 I was spending开支 a lot of time
我却没有太多进步。
00:40
working加工 hard at them.
我之后在与他人的谈话和研究中意识到,
00:43
I've since以来 realized实现 from conversations对话
I've had and from research研究
这种白白耗费努力的停滞,
00:46
that this stagnation停滞, despite尽管 hard work,
原来非常普遍。
00:49
turns out to be pretty漂亮 common共同.
所以我想与大家分享一些,
00:51
So I'd like to share分享 with you
some insights见解 into why that is
关于它为何发生和如何应对的见解。
00:53
and what we can all do about it.
我所了解的是,无论哪个领域,
00:56
What I've learned学到了
is that the most effective有效 people
最高效的个人和团队,
00:58
and teams球队 in any domain
都会做一件我们可以效仿的事情:
01:00
do something we can all emulate仿真.
生活中,他们有意识的在两个区域转换:
01:03
They go through通过 life deliberately故意
alternating交替 between之间 two zones:
学习区和展现区。
01:07
the learning学习 zone
and the performance性能 zone.
在学习区,我们希冀进步,
01:10
The learning学习 zone
is when our goal目标 is to improve提高.
我们为了进步而计划行为,
01:12
Then we do activities活动
designed设计 for improvement起色,
将精力集中在那些我们还没有掌握的东西上,
01:15
concentrating集中 on what
we haven't没有 mastered掌握 yet然而,
我们意识到自己会犯错,
01:18
which哪一个 means手段 we have to expect期望
to make mistakes错误,
并且知道我们会从中汲取什么教训。
01:20
knowing会心 that we will learn学习 from them.
这和我们在展现区做的完全不同,
01:23
That is very different不同 from what we do
when we're in our performance性能 zone,
在展现区我们的目标是做到最好,去执行,
01:26
which哪一个 is when our goal目标 is to do something
as best最好 as we can, to execute执行.
我们在已经掌握的东西上集中精力,
01:31
Then we concentrate集中
on what we have already已经 mastered掌握
并尽力把错误缩小。
01:33
and we try to minimize最小化 mistakes错误.
这两个区域都应是我们生活的一部分,
01:36
Both of these zones
should be part部分 of our lives生活,
但是在进入区域之前,想清楚我们进的是哪个区,
01:39
but being存在 clear明确 about
when we want to be in each of them,
我们的目标是什么、精力放在哪、有什么样的期望,
01:42
with what goal目标, focus焦点 and expectations期望,
这会帮助我们更好的提升或表现
01:44
helps帮助 us better perform演出
and better improve提高.
在展现区将展现最大化,
01:47
The performance性能 zone maximizes最大程度地增强
our immediate即时 performance性能,
在学习区将进步最大化
01:50
while the learning学习 zone
maximizes最大程度地增强 our growth发展
并在未来的展现中将其表现。
01:52
and our future未来 performance性能.
01:55
The reason原因 many许多 of us don't improve提高 much
我们努力工作却没有太多进步的原因,
01:57
despite尽管 our hard work
是我们往往将时间都花在了展现区里。
01:59
is that we tend趋向 to spend almost几乎
all of our time in the performance性能 zone.
这阻碍着我们的进步,
02:03
This hinders阻碍 our growth发展,
更讽刺的是,长久来看,这也影响着我们的展现。
02:05
and ironically讽刺地, over the long term术语,
also our performance性能.
那学习区是什么样的呢?
02:10
So what does the learning学习 zone look like?
看看古希腊的政治领导者、
02:12
Take Demosthenes德摩斯梯尼, a political政治 leader领导
最伟大的演说家、律师,狄摩西尼吧。
02:14
and the greatest最大 orator演说者
and lawyer律师 in ancient Greece希腊.
为了成就伟大,他没有把所有时间花费在仅仅作为演说家或者律师上--
02:18
To become成为 great,
he didn't spend all his time
02:21
just being存在 an orator演说者 or a lawyer律师,
也就是他展现区的一部分。
02:24
which哪一个 would be his performance性能 zone.
反而,他为了进步规划行为,
02:26
But instead代替, he did activities活动
designed设计 for improvement起色.
是的,他大量地学习。
02:29
Of course课程, he studied研究 a lot.
他不仅在导师的帮助下学习法律和哲学,
02:31
He studied研究 law and philosophy哲学
with guidance指导 from mentors导师,
他还意识到了律师的职责包括说服他人,
02:33
but he also realized实现 that being存在 a lawyer律师
involved参与 persuading说服 other people,
所以他研习了许多伟大的演说
02:38
so he also studied研究 great speeches演讲
和表演。
02:40
and acting演戏.
为了戒掉他不自主抬胳膊的习惯,
02:42
To get rid摆脱 of an odd habit习惯 he had
of involuntarily不由自主 lifting吊装 his shoulder,
他在一面镜子前练习演说,
02:46
he practiced his speeches演讲
in front面前 of a mirror镜子,
并将一把剑吊在房梁上,
02:49
and he suspended暂停 a sword from the ceiling天花板
这样如果他抬起了肩膀,
02:52
so that if he raised上调 his shoulder,
剑就会刺痛他。
02:54
it would hurt伤害.
(笑声)
02:55
(Laughter笑声)
为了发音清晰,
02:57
To speak说话 more clearly明确地 despite尽管 a lisp口齿不清,
他在演说时嘴里含着石头。
02:59
he went through通过 his speeches演讲
with stones石头 in his mouth.
他还建造了一个地下室,
03:02
He built内置 an underground地下 room房间
这样他在练习的时候就不会被打扰,
03:04
where he could practice实践
without interruptions中断
也不会打扰到别人。
03:06
and not disturb打扰 other people.
因为那时候的法庭很嘈杂,
03:07
And since以来 courts法院 at the time
were very noisy嘈杂,
对此他在海边练习,
03:10
he also practiced by the ocean海洋,
保证声音在海浪的咆哮中清晰可听。
03:11
projecting突出 his voice语音
above以上 the roar怒吼 of the waves波浪.
他在学习区所做的行为,
03:15
His activities活动 in the learning学习 zone
和他在法庭上的行为,也就是他展现区的行为,
03:17
were very different不同
from his activities活动 in court法庭,
远远不同。
03:19
his performance性能 zone.
在学习区,
03:21
In the learning学习 zone,
安德斯•埃里克森博士称这种行为为“有意练习”,
03:23
he did what Dr博士. Anders安德斯 Ericsson爱立信
calls电话 deliberate商榷 practice实践.
这种练习包括了将能力转化为所需技能,
03:25
This involves涉及 breaking破坏 down
abilities能力 into component零件 skills技能,
对我们需要提升什么非主要技能非常清楚,
03:29
being存在 clear明确 about what subskill次技巧
we're working加工 to improve提高,
就像狄摩西尼将肩膀放低,
03:32
like keeping保持 our shoulders肩膀 down,
还有将精力集中在我们舒适区之外、
03:34
giving full充分 concentration浓度
to a high level水平 of challenge挑战
更高一级的挑战,
03:37
outside our comfort安慰 zone,
做超越我们现在正做的事,
03:38
just beyond what we can currently目前 do,
在重复和调整中得到反馈,
03:40
using运用 frequent频繁 feedback反馈
with repetition重复 and adjustments调整,
最好能得到熟练者的指导,
03:44
and ideally理想 engaging the guidance指导
of a skilled技能的 coach教练,
因为为了进步而设定行为
03:47
because activities活动
designed设计 for improvement起色
是件很内行的事。
03:49
are domain-specific特定领域,
好的老师和教练了解什么行为能带来进步,
03:50
and great teachers教师 and coaches教练
know what those activities活动 are
也能给我们专业的反馈。
03:53
and can also give us expert专家 feedback反馈.
学习区中,给我们带来很大的进步的,
03:55
It is this type类型 of practice实践
in the learning学习 zone
正是这样的练习,
03:58
which哪一个 leads引线 to substantial大量的 improvement起色,
而不是单纯的完成任务。
04:00
not just time on task任务 performing执行.
04:03
For example, research研究 shows节目
that after the first couple一对 of years年份
例如,研究表明,在某一行业最初工作的几年,
04:07
working加工 in a profession职业,
展现的进步会停滞。
04:08
performance性能 usually平时 plateaus高原.
04:10
This has been shown显示 to be true真正
in teaching教学, general一般 medicine医学,
这已经在教育、普通内科、
护理和其他领域都到了印证,
04:13
nursing看护 and other fields领域,
我们一旦认为自己足够好、足够适合工作,
04:15
and it happens发生 because once一旦 we think
we have become成为 good enough足够,
而停止学习,
04:19
adequate充足,
它就会发生在我们身上。
04:20
then we stop spending开支 time
in the learning学习 zone.
我们仅是把时间花费在完成工作上,
04:22
We focus焦点 all our time
on just doing our job工作,
也就是展现,
04:25
performing执行,
这决不是进步的好方法。
04:26
which哪一个 turns out not to be
a great way to improve提高.
而那些继续在学习区花费时间的人,
04:29
But the people who continue继续
to spend time in the learning学习 zone
确实在不停进步。
04:32
do continue继续 to always improve提高.
最好的推销员至少每周一次,
04:34
The best最好 salespeople销售人员 at least最小 once一旦 a week
进行自我提高的活动。
04:36
do activities活动 with
the goal目标 of improvement起色.
他们通过阅读拓展知识,
04:39
They read to extend延伸 their knowledge知识,
与同事或行业专家交换意见,
04:41
consult请教 with colleagues同事 or domain experts专家,
尝试新的策略、征集反馈并以此作出反应。
04:43
try out new strategies策略,
solicit征求 feedback反馈 and reflect反映.
最好的国际象棋棋手,
04:47
The best最好 chess players玩家
并没有将大部分时间花在他们的表现区——
04:49
spend a lot of time
not playing播放 games游戏 of chess,
也就是下象棋上,
04:52
which哪一个 would be their performance性能 zone,
而是努力去预测象棋大师的着子并加以分析。
04:54
but trying to predict预测 the moves移动
grand盛大 masters主人 made制作 and analyzing分析 them.
我们在电脑打字上,
04:58
Each of us has probably大概 spent花费
many许多, many许多, many许多 hours小时
花费了很多时间
05:03
typing打字 on a computer电脑
却没有打得更快,
05:04
without getting得到 faster更快,
但是我们如果每天都能抽出10-20分钟,
05:06
but if we spent花费 10 to 20 minutes分钟 each day
全神贯注地提升打字速度,
05:09
fully充分 concentrating集中
on typing打字 10 to 20 percent百分 faster更快
就比平常快上10%-20%,
05:12
than our current当前 reliable可靠 speed速度,
我们打字的速度就会提升,
05:14
we would get faster更快,
尤其是我们还找出了我们常犯的错,
05:15
especially特别 if we also identified确定
what mistakes错误 we're making制造
并且还加以纠正练习。
05:18
and practiced typing打字 those words.
05:21
That's deliberate商榷 practice实践.
这就是“有意练习”。
打字毕竟不是主业,
05:24
In what other parts部分 of our lives生活,
我们有其他更在乎的领域,
05:26
perhaps也许 that we care关心 more about,
那些我们努力过,但是提升甚少的领域,
05:27
are we working加工 hard but not improving提高 much
这是因为我们总停留在展现区吗?
05:30
because we're always
in the performance性能 zone?
这并不意味展现区毫无价值,
05:34
Now, this is not to say
that the performance性能 zone has no value.
它非常有价值。
05:37
It very much does.
我不会告诉我膝盖手术的主治医生:
05:38
When I needed需要 a knee膝盖 surgery手术,
I didn't tell the surgeon外科医生,
“随便弄吧,把膝盖当作你的教具,”
05:41
"Poke around in there
and focus焦点 on what you don't know."
(笑声)
05:44
(Laughter笑声)
“你犯错了我们都会吸取教训的!”
05:45
"We'll learn学习 from your mistakes错误!"
我会找一个我认为能做好手术的外科医生,
05:47
I looked看着 for a surgeon外科医生
who I felt would do a good job工作,
我也想让她顺利完成手术。
05:50
and I wanted her to do a good job工作.
在展现区做事,
05:53
Being存在 in the performance性能 zone
要求我们做到最好。
05:54
allows允许 us to get things doneDONE
as best最好 as we can.
这本身就是一种鞭策,
05:57
It can also be motivating激励,
它也能让我们知道,当我们回到学习区的时候,
05:59
and it provides提供 us with information信息
to identify鉴定 what to focus焦点 on next下一个
我们应当注意什么。
06:02
when we go back to the learning学习 zone.
通往高水平展现的路,
06:05
So the way to high performance性能
就是在学习区、表现区间来回转换的路,
06:06
is to alternate备用 between之间 the learning学习 zone
and the performance性能 zone,
我们有目的地在学习区积攒技能,
06:10
purposefully目的地 building建造 our skills技能
in the learning学习 zone,
然后将其应用于展现区。
06:13
then applying应用 those skills技能
in the performance性能 zone.
当碧昂斯举办巡回演唱会时,
06:16
When Beyonc碧昂斯é is on tour游览,
演唱会,就是她的展现区,
06:18
during the concert音乐会,
she's in her performance性能 zone,
但是当她每晚回到酒店房间时,
06:21
but every一切 night when she
gets得到 back to the hotel旅馆 room房间,
她就径直地回到了她的学习区。
06:24
she goes right back
into her learning学习 zone.
她会观看刚刚结束的演出的录像。
06:26
She watches手表 a video视频
of the show显示 that just ended结束.
为她自己、舞者、摄像组
06:29
She identifies识别 opportunities机会
for improvement起色,
寻求进步的突破口。
06:31
for herself她自己, her dancers舞者
and her camera相机 staff员工.
第二天早上,
06:34
And the next下一个 morning早上,
06:35
everyone大家 receives收到 pages网页 of notes笔记
with what to adjust调整,
每个人都会收到几页笔记,上面写着
他们需要在下次演出前需要调整的问题。
06:38
which哪一个 they then work on during the day
before the next下一个 performance性能.
提高能力
06:42
It's a spiral螺旋
是一个螺旋上升的过程,
06:43
to ever-increasing不断增加 capabilities功能,
但是我们得知道何时学习、何时表现,
06:45
but we need to know when we seek寻求 to learn学习,
and when we seek寻求 to perform演出,
当想两者兼顾时,
06:49
and while we want
to spend time doing both,
想要进步,
06:51
the more time we spend
in the learning学习 zone,
就要多花时间在学习区上。
06:53
the more we'll improve提高.
那我们如何将更多时间用在学习区上呢?
06:55
So how can we spend
more time in the learning学习 zone?
首先,
06:59
First, we must必须 believe and understand理解
坚定我们一定会进步的信念,
07:02
that we can improve提高,
我们叫它“成长思维”。
07:03
what we call a growth发展 mindset心态.
其次,成长目标必须明确。
07:05
Second第二, we must必须 want
to improve提高 at that particular特定 skill技能.
时间、精力有限,
07:09
There has to be a purpose目的 we care关心 about,
它们必须花费在我们在乎的目标上。
07:11
because it takes time and effort功夫.
第三,我们必须要知道如何提高,
07:13
Third第三, we must必须 have an idea理念
about how to improve提高,
怎样提高,
07:16
what we can do to improve提高,
不能像小时候学吉他,
07:18
not how I used to practice实践
the guitar吉他 as a teenager青少年,
一遍遍重复单调的歌曲,
07:20
performing执行 songs歌曲 over and over again,
而是做一些有意的练习。
07:22
but doing deliberate商榷 practice实践.
第四,保证低风险,
07:24
And fourth第四, we must必须 be
in a low-stakes低风险 situation情况,
因为犯错在意料之中,
07:29
because if mistakes错误 are to be expected预期,
其后果必不能不堪设想,
07:31
then the consequence后果 of making制造 them
must必须 not be catastrophic灾难性的,
哪怕是有一点严重都不行。
07:34
or even very significant重大.
没有拦网,走钢索的人不会去训练新技巧,
07:36
A tightrope拉紧的绳索 walker助步车 doesn't practice实践
new tricks技巧 without a net underneath,
在大赛上,运动员也不会去开发新的动作。
07:39
and an athlete运动员 wouldn't不会 set out
to first try a new move移动
07:42
during a championship锦标赛 match比赛.
我们之所以在展现区耗费大量时间,
07:45
One reason原因 that in our lives生活
是因为我们通常不必要地将环境
07:46
we spend so much time
in the performance性能 zone
置于高风险的状态。
07:49
is that our environments环境
often经常 are, unnecessarily不必要的, high stakes赌注.
我们给彼此制造了社会风险,
07:54
We create创建 social社会 risks风险 for one another另一个,
即使在我们一切都为了学习的学校里,
07:56
even in schools学校 which哪一个 are supposed应该
to be all about learning学习,
我没有在说标准化考试,
07:59
and I'm not talking
about standardized标准化 tests测试.
我说的是学生每时每刻、
08:01
I mean that every一切 minute分钟 of every一切 day,
从小学到大学,
08:03
many许多 students学生们 in elementary初级
schools学校 through通过 colleges高校
都会觉得别人会因为他们犯错而轻视他们。
08:06
feel that if they make a mistake错误,
others其他 will think less of them.
难怪学生一直紧张兮兮,
08:09
No wonder奇迹 they're always stressed强调 out
不愿为学习而冒必要的风险。
08:11
and not taking服用 the risks风险
necessary必要 for learning学习.
老师、家长对正确答案趋之若鹜的态度,
08:14
But they learn学习
that mistakes错误 are undesirable不可取
无意中
08:17
inadvertently不经意间
让学生抗拒犯错,
08:18
when teachers教师 or parents父母
are eager急于 to hear just correct正确 answers答案
而不是勇于试错、检视过错、
08:21
and reject拒绝 mistakes错误
rather than welcome欢迎 and examine检查 them
并从中吸取教训,
08:24
to learn学习 from them,
我们也只想要“标准答案”,
08:25
or when we look for narrow狭窄 responses回复
而不是激励学生去进行
08:27
rather than encourage鼓励
more exploratory探索 thinking思维
大有裨益的开拓性思考。
08:29
that we can all learn学习 from.
一旦学生的作业、作品,都会被评定等级、标上分数,
08:31
When all homework家庭作业 or student学生 work
has a number or a letter on it,
最后被记入期末成绩,
08:34
and counts计数 towards a final最后 grade年级,
它们就起不到练习、试错、反馈、修正的作用了,
08:36
rather than being存在 used for practice实践,
mistakes错误, feedback反馈 and revision调整,
我们让孩子误认为学校是展现区。
08:39
we send发送 the message信息
that school学校 is a performance性能 zone.
职场中也同样如此。
08:44
The same相同 is true真正 in our workplaces工作场所.
那些咨询我的公司,经常执行无缺陷企业文化,
08:46
In the companies公司 I consult请教 with,
I often经常 see flawless完美无瑕 execution执行 cultures文化
领导们努力于激励工作。
08:50
which哪一个 leaders领导者 foster培育
to encourage鼓励 great work.
但这会让员工停留在自己已知的领域,
08:52
But that leads引线 employees雇员
to stay within what they know
固步自封,
08:55
and not try new things,
公司因此很难创新、进步,
08:56
so companies公司 struggle斗争
to innovate创新 and improve提高,
从而落了下风。
08:59
and they fall秋季 behind背后.
我们可以通过交流,
09:01
We can create创建 more spaces空间 for growth发展
为彼此开创进步的空间,
09:04
by starting开始 conversations对话 with one another另一个
可以让行为各属所区的空间。
09:06
about when we want to be in each zone.
何处改进?如何改进?
09:09
What do we want to get better at and how?
何时决策?怎样控损?
09:11
And when do we want
to execute执行 and minimize最小化 mistakes错误?
何为成功,何时、以何种方法去支持对方,
09:15
That way, we gain获得 clarity明晰
about what success成功 is,
由此在我们眼前清晰展现。
09:18
when, and how to best最好 support支持 one another另一个.
那要是我们发现自己长期都在高风险状态下,
09:22
But what if we find ourselves我们自己
in a chronic慢性 high-stakes高风险 setting设置
并且无法开展这样的交流怎么办?
09:25
and we feel we can't
start开始 those conversations对话 yet然而?
作为个人,我们仍可以做这下面三点:
09:28
Then here are three things
that we can still do as individuals个人.
首先,我们可以在高风险的汪洋中开辟一个低风险的小岛,
09:31
First, we can create创建 low-stakes低风险 islands岛屿
in an otherwise除此以外 high-stakes高风险 sea.
在这里,错误的后果不会太严重,
09:36
These are spaces空间 where mistakes错误
have little consequence后果.
比如,我们可以找一个导师,或是可信的同事,
09:39
For example, we might威力 find
a mentor导师 or a trusted信任 colleague同事
和他们分享想法,或是接受批评,
09:42
with whom we can exchange交换 ideas思路
or have vulnerable弱势 conversations对话
甚至角色代入都行。
09:46
or even role-play角色扮演.
或者是随着项目的进展,举办反馈向会议。
09:47
Or we can ask for feedback-oriented反馈为导向
meetings会议 as projects项目 progress进展.
我们也可以抽出时间去阅读相关书籍、看视频或是参加在线课程。
09:51
Or we can set aside在旁边 time to read
or watch videos视频 or take online线上 courses培训班.
这只是几个例子。
09:55
Those are just some examples例子.
其次,我们可以遵循着预期去执行,
09:57
Second第二, we can execute执行
and perform演出 as we're expected预期,
但将精力集中于如何在下次做的更好,
10:01
but then reflect反映 on what
we could do better next下一个 time,
就像碧昂斯,
10:04
like Beyonc碧昂斯é does,
我们可以观察并模仿专家所做。
10:05
and we can observe and emulate仿真 experts专家.
这些观察、映射和调整属于学习区。
10:07
The observation意见, reflection反射
and adjustment调整 is a learning学习 zone.
最终,我们可以通过和他人分享希冀在何处取得进步,
10:11
And finally最后, we can lead
通过询问未知的问题,
10:14
and lower降低 the stakes赌注 for others其他
by sharing分享 what we want to get better at,
通过征求反馈,
10:18
by asking questions问题
about what we don't know,
通过分享我们曾经犯过的错,和从中汲取的教训,
10:20
by soliciting拉客 feedback反馈
and by sharing分享 our mistakes错误
为彼此营造一个低风险的状态,
10:23
and what we've我们已经 learned学到了 from them,
这样他人也会安心地做同样的事。
10:25
so that others其他
can feel safe安全 to do the same相同.
进步的奥秘就在规范现行的学习行为中。
10:27
Real真实 confidence置信度 is about
modeling造型 ongoing不断的 learning学习.
如果,我们没有把时间耗费在
10:32
What if, instead代替 of spending开支
our lives生活 doing, doing, doing,
做事、表现、输出上,
10:37
performing执行, performing执行, performing执行,
而是更多地去探索、
10:39
we spent花费 more time exploring探索,
询问、
10:42
asking,
倾听、
10:44
listening,
实践、斟酌、
10:45
experimenting试验, reflecting反映,
拼命去成为想成为的人,会怎么样?
10:48
striving努力 and becoming变得?
如果我们每个人,都有某些事情
10:52
What if we each always had something
让我们可为之努力,从而提高呢?
10:55
we were working加工 to improve提高?
如果我们可以找到,或者创造出更多的
10:57
What if we created创建 more low-stakes低风险 islands岛屿
低风险地带呢?
11:00
and waters水域?
那如果我们对于自身
11:01
And what if we got clear明确,
和团队成员,
11:04
within ourselves我们自己 and with our teammates队友,
何时需要学习,何时需要表现非常清楚呢?
11:06
about when we seek寻求 to learn学习
and when we seek寻求 to perform演出,
做到这些,我们的努力会得到更多回报,
11:10
so that our efforts努力
can become成为 more consequential后果,
我们的进步会一往直前,
11:13
our improvement起色 never-ending没完没了
我们的工作会锦上添花。
11:16
and our best最好 even better?
谢谢大家。
11:19
Thank you.
Translated by Jianing Fu

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About the speaker:

Eduardo Briceño - Learning expert
Eduardo Briceño is a learner, leader, speaker and writer devoted to enabling a more learning-oriented world.

Why you should listen

Eduardo Briceño leads Mindset Works, which helps people develop as motivated and effective learners through training and resources to foster growth mindset beliefs and behaviors. He co-founded Mindset Works in 2007 with the foremost growth mindset researcher, Carol Dweck Ph.D., and education expert Lisa Blackwell Ph.D. Prior to his current role, Briceño was a Principal at the Sprout Group, a venture capital firm in Silicon Valley, where he was part of the technology investment team.

Briceño regularly speaks at national and international conferences and events, as well as at companies and learning institutions. His first TEDx Talk, "The power of belief," is widely used to train teachers, students and professionals on growth mindset beliefs and behaviors, and his TED Talk, "How to get better at the things you care about," differentiates performance vs. improvement behaviors. He has been quoted and featured in prominent media, such as Education Week, NPR, The Huffington Post, KQED MindShift and EdSurge.

Briceño grew up in Caracas, Venezuela, before moving to the US when he was in high school. He now lives with his wife in San Jose, California. He holds Bachelor's degrees in economics and engineering from the University of Pennsylvania, as well as an MBA and an MAin Education from Stanford University. Most important, he continues to enjoy lifelong learning every day.

More profile about the speaker
Eduardo Briceño | Speaker | TED.com