Matthieu Ricard: How to let altruism be your guide
Matthieu Ricard - Monk, author, photographer
Sometimes called the "happiest man in the world," Matthieu Ricard is a Buddhist monk, author and photographer. Full bio
potential for goodness,
or to destroy.
rather than a selfish one.
many challenges in our times.
or our worst enemy.
inequalities, conflict, injustice.
which we don't expect.
about five million human beings on Earth.
would soon heal human activities.
and Technological Revolutions,
of impact on our Earth.
the era of human beings.
we need to continue this endless growth,
I won't mention who, saying --
the edge of the precipice.
that has been defined by scientists
they can carry a number of factors.
prosper for 150,000 years
for the last 10,000 years.
a voluntary simplicity,
we were well within the limits of safety.
to imagine what comes next.
some of the planetary boundaries.
at the current rate,
on Earth will have disappeared.
that's not going to be reversible.
21,000-foot glacier in Bhutan.
are melting fast, faster than the Arctic.
politically, economically, scientifically
of altruism versus selfishness.
about future generations?
the billionaire Steve Forbes,
the same thing, but seriously.
to change my behavior today
in a hundred years."
for future generations,
the end-of-the-year accounts;
life, over 10 years and 20 years? --
speak with economists,
I went around the world
in the Himalayas, all over the place.
those three time scales.
consideration for others.
you will have a caring economics,
have entrusted you with.
that you remedy inequality,
of well-being within society,
the most powerful and the richest
what's the point?
consideration for others,
that planet that we have
have three planets to continue that way.
it's not just a novel ideal,
we were irredeemably selfish.
like Hobbes, have said so.
than working together, is there?
the struggle for life,
though competition exists, of course --
to go to increased levels of complexity.
and we should even go further.
the quality of human relationships.
including income, everything.
that's the main thing for my happiness,
that if we go deep within,
that's ever shown that.
spent a whole life
in very complex situations.
and some people more than others.
no matter what,
no matter what.
deeply wounded, great suffering,
out of empathic distress --
than to keep on looking at that person.
he said, clearly people can be altruistic.
at the banality of goodness.
going to say, "That's so nice.
was thinking about altruism."
we would speak of that for months.
that doesn't attract your attention,
projects in the Himalayas
you work for the warm glow.
You just feel good."
when he jumped in front of the train,
so good when this is over?"
you interviewed him, he said,
I had to jump, of course."
It's neither selfish nor altruistic.
not going to think for half an hour,
but it's obvious, it's immediate.
like Pastor André Trocmé and his wife,
of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon in France.
they saved 3,500 Jews,
brought them to Switzerland,
of their lives and those of their family.
and find the cause of happiness.
or cognitive resonance that tells you,
this person suffers.
confronted with suffering,
Institute of Leipzig,
empathy and loving-kindness are different.
from maternal care, parental love,
we need two things:
of contemplative study said yes, it is.
with neuroscience and epigenetics
when you train in altruism.
after two and a half hours.
in many scientific papers.
that there is structural change
when you train the altruistic love.
you see all the activity,
of meditation? No, you don't.
of caring, mindfulness meditation
in the brain compared to a control group.
for four weeks.
Richard Davidson did that in Madison.
kindness, cooperation, mindful breathing.
"Oh, they're just preschoolers."
that's the blue line.
scientific test, the stickers test.
who is their best friend in the class,
an unknown child, and the sick child,
they give most of it to their best friend.
20 minutes three times a week.
no more discrimination:
best friend and the least favorite child.
in all the schools in the world.
he told Richard Davidson,
the U.N., the whole world."
gene to be in the human race?
too much for the environment.
the evolution of culture.
change faster than genes.
has dramatically changed over the years.
change mutually fashion each other,
a more altruistic society.
a year in our projects.
four percent overhead.
your stuff works in practice,
to better serve others.
what can we do?
instead of competitive learning,
within corporations --
between corporations, but not within.
I love this term.
we will reduce inequality.
with poverty in the midst of plenty,
of the common goods
should be compassionate,
that looks bad.
to the other 1.6 million species.
are co-citizens in this world.
About the speaker:Matthieu Ricard - Monk, author, photographer
Sometimes called the "happiest man in the world," Matthieu Ricard is a Buddhist monk, author and photographer.
Why you should listen
After training in biochemistry at the Institute Pasteur, Matthieu Ricard left science behind to move to the Himalayas and become a Buddhist monk -- and to pursue happiness, both at a basic human level and as a subject of inquiry. Achieving happiness, he has come to believe, requires the same kind of effort and mind training that any other serious pursuit involves.
His deep and scientifically tinged reflections on happiness and Buddhism have turned into several books, including The Quantum and the Lotus: A Journey to the Frontiers Where Science and Buddhism Meet. At the same time, he also makes sensitive and jaw-droppingly gorgeous photographs of his beloved Tibet and the spiritual hermitage where he lives and works on humanitarian projects.
His latest book on happiness is Happiness: A Guide to Developing Life's Most Important Skill; his latest book of photographs is Tibet: An Inner Journey.
Matthieu Ricard | Speaker | TED.com