ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Zaria Forman - Artist
Zaria Forman uses visual art to connect people with the impact of climate change.

Why you should listen

The inspiration for Zaria Forman's drawings began in early childhood when she traveled with her family throughout several of the world's most remote landscapes, which were the subject of her mother's fine art photography. She was born in South Natick, Massachusetts and currently works and resides in Brooklyn, New York. She studied at the Student Art Centers International in Florence, Italy and received a BS in Studio Arts at Skidmore College in New York. Her works have been in publications such as Juxtapoz Magazine, National Geographic Magazine, Huffington Post, and the Smithsonian Magazine.

Recent achievements include participation in Banksy's Dismaland and a solo exhibition at Winston Wächter Fine Art in New York in September and October of 2015. Her drawings have been used in the set design for the Netflix TV series House of Cards.

In August 2012, Forman led Chasing the Light, an expedition sailing up the coast of Greenland, retracing the 1869 journey of American painter William Bradford and documenting the rapidly changing arctic landscape. Continuing to address climate change in her work, Forman traveled multiple times to the Maldives, the lowest-lying country in the world, and arguably the most vulnerable to rising sea levels.

Forman was invited aboard the National Geographic Explorer, traveling to Antarctica as an artist-in-residence in November and December 2015. Her next solo show will take place at Winston Wächter Fine Art’s Seattle location, in February and March of 2017.

More profile about the speaker
Zaria Forman | Speaker | TED.com
TED Talks Live

Zaria Forman: Drawings that show the beauty and fragility of Earth

Zaria Forman: 表现地球美丽和脆弱的绘画

Filmed:
1,444,326 views

Zaria Forman 的大型作品:融化的冰川、浮动在光滑水面上的冰山浮动和用泡沫修饰的波浪记载了过渡、不稳定气流和宁静的片刻。了解她对艺术创作沉思的过程和她作品背后的动机“我的作品是称颂那些我们眼睁睁失去的美丽”,她说道,“我希望这些作品可以记录那些不断流动的壮美景观。”
- Artist
Zaria Forman uses visual art to connect people with the impact of climate change. Full bio

Double-click (or triple-click) the English transcript below to play the video.

00:12
I consider考虑 it my life's人生 mission任务
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我认为通过我的作品
00:15
to convey传达 the urgency
of climate气候 change更改 through通过 my work.
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传达气候的急剧变化是我一生的使命
00:19
I've traveled旅行 north to the Arctic北极
to the capture捕获 the unfolding展开 story故事
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我曾北行至北极以了解
00:23
of polar极性 melt熔化,
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极地融化的发展
00:25
and south to the Equator赤道 to document文件
the subsequent随后 rising升起 seas海域.
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也曾南行至赤道记录持续上升的海平面
00:29
Most recently最近, I visited参观
the icy冷冰冰 coast of Greenland格陵兰
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最近,我参观了格陵兰冰冷的海岸
00:33
and the low-lying islands岛屿 of the Maldives马尔代夫,
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和马尔代夫的低洼岛屿
00:36
connecting two seemingly似乎 disparate不同
but equally一样 endangered濒危
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这些海岸岛屿连接着地球上
似乎不同却同样濒危
00:41
parts部分 of our planet行星.
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的两个部分
00:43
My drawings图纸 explore探索 moments瞬间
of transition过渡, turbulence动乱
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我的作品中包含了景色的过渡、
不稳定气流
00:49
and tranquility宁静 in the landscape景观,
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和风景的宁静
00:52
allowing允许 viewers观众 to emotionally感情上 connect
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使观者可以与未曾拜访的地点
00:55
with a place地点 you might威力 never
have the chance机会 to visit访问.
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产生情感上的连结
00:59
I choose选择 to convey传达 the beauty美女
as opposed反对 to the devastation毁坏.
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我选择传达这些美来对抗毁坏
01:04
If you can experience经验 the sublimity崇高
of these landscapes景观,
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如果你能体会到这些景观的崇高,
01:08
perhaps也许 you'll你会 be inspired启发
to protect保护 and preserve保留 them.
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那么你就可能有心去保护和维护他们
01:13
Behavioral行为的 psychology心理学 tells告诉 us
that we take action行动
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行为心理学告诉我们,人们做出行动
01:16
and make decisions决定 based基于
on our emotions情绪 above以上 all else其他.
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或者作出决定最受情感的影响
01:21
And studies学习 have shown显示
that art艺术 impacts影响 our emotions情绪
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研究表明艺术对我们感情的影响
01:24
more effectively有效 than a scary害怕 news新闻 report报告.
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比一则可怕的新闻报道更有效
01:29
Experts专家 predict预测 ice-free不冻 Arctic北极 summers夏天
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专家预测北极无冰的夏天
01:32
as early as 2020.
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将出现在2020年
01:35
And sea levels水平 are likely容易 to rise上升
between之间 two and ten feet
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而且截止到本世纪末
海平面可能升高2~10英尺
01:39
by century's世纪 end结束.
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01:42
I have dedicated专用 my career事业
to illuminating照明 these projections预测
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我献出我的职业生涯以突出这些预测
01:47
with an accessible无障碍 medium,
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我利用一种易接触的媒介
01:49
one that moves移动 us in a way
that statistics统计 may可能 not.
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以一种统计数据所无法实现的方式触动人们
01:54
My process处理 begins开始
with traveling旅行 to the places地方
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我的过程开始于去那些
01:57
at the forefront第一线 of climate气候 change更改.
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气候变化的前沿地区
01:59
On-site现场, I take thousands数千 of photographs照片.
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在现场,我拍了上千张的照片
02:02
Back in the studio工作室,
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回到工作室之后
02:03
I work from both my memory记忆
of the experience经验 and the photographs照片
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凭借我对那些感受的记忆和这些照片
02:08
to create创建 very large-scale大规模 compositions成分,
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我创造出非常大的布景
02:10
sometimes有时 over 10 feet wide.
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有时超过10英尺宽
02:13
I draw with soft柔软的 pastel柔和, which哪一个 is dry
like charcoal木炭, but colors颜色.
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我使用软粉彩棒绘画,它如同炭笔,
是干性画材,但是色彩丰富
02:18
I consider考虑 my work drawings图纸
but others其他 call them painting绘画.
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我认为我的作品是简单的线条勾勒,
而其他人则认为是多彩的拼接
被称做“手指画家”令我颤抖
02:22
I cringe低三下四, though虽然, when I'm referred简称 to
as a "finger手指 painter画家."
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02:26
(Laughter笑声)
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(笑声)
02:27
But I don't use any tools工具
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但是我不使用任何工具
02:29
and I have always used
my fingers手指 and palms手掌
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而且我一直使用我的手指和手掌
02:32
to manipulate操作 the pigment颜料 on the paper.
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来巧妙地处理纸上的色彩
02:35
Drawing画画 is a form形成 of meditation冥想 for me.
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绘画对我而言是一种沉思
02:40
It quiets平静下来 my mind心神.
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它使我的大脑冷静
02:42
I don't perceive感知 what I'm drawing画画
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我认为我画的
02:44
as ice or water.
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不仅仅是冰或是水
02:45
Instead代替, the image图片 is stripped剥离 down
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这图像是剥离下来的
02:48
to its most basic基本 form形成 of color颜色 and shape形状.
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颜色和形状的最基本形式
02:52
Once一旦 the piece is complete完成,
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一旦这幅图完成,
02:54
I can finally最后 experience经验
the composition组成 as a whole整个,
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我便能能完整体验全景
02:57
as an iceberg冰山 floating漂浮的
through通过 glassy water,
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它像一座浮在光滑水面上的冰山
03:00
or a wave cresting登顶 with foam泡沫.
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又像一片卷着泡沫的波浪
03:03
On average平均, a piece this size尺寸
takes me about,
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平均下来,一幅这么大的画作
03:07
as you can see, 10 seconds.
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如你所能看到的,
大约需要10秒钟
03:09
(Laughter笑声)
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(笑声)
03:11
(Applause掌声)
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(掌声)
03:15
Really, more like 200 hours小时,
250 hours小时 for something that size尺寸.
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事实上,那样尺寸的作品
大致需要200或250小时
03:19
But I've been drawing画画 ever since以来
I could hold保持 a crayon蜡笔, really.
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而且,自从我能够抓住蜡笔开始,
我就已经在绘画了
03:22
My mom妈妈 was an artist艺术家, and growing生长 up,
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我妈妈是一位艺术家,
在我成长的过程中
03:24
we always had art艺术 supplies耗材
all over the house.
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家里总会有一些画材
03:27
My mother's母亲 love of photography摄影
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妈妈对于摄影的热爱
03:29
propelled推进的 her to the most
remote远程 regions地区 of the earth地球,
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推动她前往地球上最偏远的地区
03:33
and my family家庭 and I were fortunate幸运 enough足够
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我的家人和我都很荣幸可以
03:35
to join加入 and support支持 her
on these adventures冒险.
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参与并支持她的这些冒险
03:39
We rode骑着车 camels骆驼 in Northern北方 Africa非洲
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我们在北非骑骆驼
03:41
and mushed捣成泥 on dog sleds雪橇
near the North Pole.
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在北极带狗撬在雪上前进
03:45
In August八月 of 2012,
I led my first expedition远征,
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在2012年8月,
我开始了我的第一次远征
03:50
taking服用 a group of artists艺术家 and scholars学者
up the northwest西北 coast of Greenland格陵兰.
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我带着一群艺术家和学者
去了格陵兰岛的西北海岸
03:56
My mother母亲 was originally本来
supposed应该 to lead this trip.
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最开始,应当是我妈带领这个团体
03:59
She and I were in the early
stages阶段 of planning规划,
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我们在早期的计划中
04:01
as we had intended to go together一起,
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是打算一起去的
04:04
when she fell下跌 victim受害者 to a brain tumor.
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可是她却患了脑肿瘤
04:07
The cancer癌症 quickly很快 took over
her body身体 and mind心神,
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疾病迅速地侵蚀她的身体和心灵
04:11
and she passed通过 away six months个月 later后来.
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她在六个月之后去世了
04:15
During the months个月 of her illness疾病, though虽然,
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但是在她生病期间
04:17
her dedication贡献 to the expedition远征
never wavered动摇, and I made制作 a promise诺言
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她对这次远征的信念一直没有动摇
04:22
to carry携带 out her final最后 journey旅程.
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我承诺她完成她的最后一次旅行
04:25
My mother's母亲 passion for the Arctic北极
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我妈妈对北极的热情
04:28
echoed呼应 through通过 my experience经验 in Greenland格陵兰,
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一直回响在我格陵兰岛的经历中
04:31
and I felt the power功率
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我感受到了景观的
04:34
and the fragility脆弱性 of the landscape景观.
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力量和脆弱
04:38
The sheer绝对 size尺寸 of the icebergs冰山
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冰山的实际尺寸
04:41
is humbling震撼人心.
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是令人震撼的
04:43
The ice fields领域 are alive
with movement运动 and sound声音
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那冰原是有生命的,
04:46
in a way that I never expected预期.
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它以我从未想到的方式移动并发出声音
04:49
I expanded扩大 the scale规模 of my compositions成分
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我扩大构图的规模
04:51
to give you that same相同 sense of awe威严
that I experienced有经验的.
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提供给大家我所体会到的威严
04:57
Yet然而, while the grandeur富丽堂皇
of the ice is evident明显,
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然而,虽然冰的壮丽显而易见
05:00
so, too, is its vulnerability漏洞.
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它的脆弱也同样显著
05:03
From our boat,
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从我们的船上
05:04
I could see the ice sweating出汗
under the unseasonably反常 warm sun太阳.
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我能看到冰在反常的阳光下慢慢消融
05:10
We had a chance机会 to visit访问
many许多 of the Inuit因纽特人 communities社区 in Greenland格陵兰
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我们参观格陵兰岛的很多因纽特社区
05:14
that now face面对 huge巨大 challenges挑战.
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这些社区现在正面临着巨大的挑战
05:17
The locals当地人 spoke to me
of vast广大 areas of sea ice
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当地人告诉我大片的海冰
05:20
that are no longer
freezing冷冻 over as they once一旦 did.
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不再像以前那样结冰
05:23
And without ice, their hunting狩猎
and harvesting收获 grounds理由
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而没有了冰,他们的狩猎
05:26
are severely严重 diminished减少,
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和收获集中地大量减少
05:28
threatening危险的 their way
of life and survival生存.
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这些都威胁着他们生活的方式,
甚至生存
05:32
The melting融化 glaciers冰川 in Greenland格陵兰
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格陵兰岛冰川的融化是
05:34
are one of the largest最大
contributing贡献 factors因素 to rising升起 sea levels水平,
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导致海平面上升最具影响力的因素之一
05:38
which哪一个 have already已经 begun开始 to drown
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上升的海平面已经开始淹没
05:41
some of our world's世界 lowest-lying最低说谎 islands岛屿.
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世界上海拔最低的一些岛屿
05:44
One year after my trip to Greenland格陵兰,
I visited参观 the Maldives马尔代夫,
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格陵兰岛之行的一年之后,
我前往了马尔代夫
05:49
the lowest最低 and flattest平坦 country国家
in the entire整个 world世界.
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马尔代夫是世界上海拔最低最平坦的国家
05:52
While I was there, I collected
images图片 and inspiration灵感
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在那里的时候,我收集了一些图片和灵感
05:56
for a new body身体 of work:
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以形成一个新作品的构思
05:59
drawings图纸 of waves波浪 lapping精研
on the coast of a nation国家
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我打算绘出海浪拍打在这个国家海岸上的景象
06:03
that could be entirely完全 underwater水下
within this century世纪.
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这个国家可能在这个世纪被完全淹没在水中
06:09
Devastating破坏性的 events事件 happen发生 every一切 day
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破坏性的事件每天都在发生
06:13
on scales both global全球 and personal个人.
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不论是对地球还是对个人
06:16
When I was in Greenland格陵兰,
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当我在格陵兰岛的时候
06:18
I scattered疏散 my mother's母亲 ashes灰烬
amidst烟雨 the melting融化 ice.
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我把妈妈的骨灰撒落在融化的冰中
06:22
Now she remains遗迹 a part部分
of the landscape景观 she loved喜爱 so much,
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现在她成为她最爱的景观中的一部分
06:27
even as it, too, passes通行证
and takes on new form形成.
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尽管这景象在流逝,并呈现出新的形式
06:33
Among其中 the many许多 gifts礼品 my mother母亲 gave me
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在我妈妈赠与我的很多礼物中
06:35
was the ability能力 to focus焦点 on the positive,
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有一份礼物是关注积极
06:38
rather than the negative.
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而不是消极的能力
06:41
My drawings图纸 celebrate庆祝 the beauty美女
of what we all stand to lose失去.
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我的作品称颂那些我们眼睁睁失去的美丽
06:47
I hope希望 they can serve服务 as records记录
of sublime升华 landscapes景观 in flux通量,
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我希望他们可以记录那些不断流动的壮美景观
06:53
documenting文档化 the transition过渡
and inspiring鼓舞人心 our global全球 community社区
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记录这些过渡的变化,并且鼓舞世界
06:58
to take action行动 for the future未来.
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为了未来做出行动
07:01
Thank you.
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谢谢
07:02
(Applause掌声)
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(掌声)
Translated by Lee Ham
Reviewed by Oisín Zhao

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ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Zaria Forman - Artist
Zaria Forman uses visual art to connect people with the impact of climate change.

Why you should listen

The inspiration for Zaria Forman's drawings began in early childhood when she traveled with her family throughout several of the world's most remote landscapes, which were the subject of her mother's fine art photography. She was born in South Natick, Massachusetts and currently works and resides in Brooklyn, New York. She studied at the Student Art Centers International in Florence, Italy and received a BS in Studio Arts at Skidmore College in New York. Her works have been in publications such as Juxtapoz Magazine, National Geographic Magazine, Huffington Post, and the Smithsonian Magazine.

Recent achievements include participation in Banksy's Dismaland and a solo exhibition at Winston Wächter Fine Art in New York in September and October of 2015. Her drawings have been used in the set design for the Netflix TV series House of Cards.

In August 2012, Forman led Chasing the Light, an expedition sailing up the coast of Greenland, retracing the 1869 journey of American painter William Bradford and documenting the rapidly changing arctic landscape. Continuing to address climate change in her work, Forman traveled multiple times to the Maldives, the lowest-lying country in the world, and arguably the most vulnerable to rising sea levels.

Forman was invited aboard the National Geographic Explorer, traveling to Antarctica as an artist-in-residence in November and December 2015. Her next solo show will take place at Winston Wächter Fine Art’s Seattle location, in February and March of 2017.

More profile about the speaker
Zaria Forman | Speaker | TED.com