ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Zaria Forman - Artist
Zaria Forman uses visual art to connect people with the impact of climate change.

Why you should listen

The inspiration for Zaria Forman's drawings began in early childhood when she traveled with her family throughout several of the world's most remote landscapes, which were the subject of her mother's fine art photography. She was born in South Natick, Massachusetts and currently works and resides in Brooklyn, New York. She studied at the Student Art Centers International in Florence, Italy and received a BS in Studio Arts at Skidmore College in New York. Her works have been in publications such as Juxtapoz Magazine, National Geographic Magazine, Huffington Post, and the Smithsonian Magazine.

Recent achievements include participation in Banksy's Dismaland and a solo exhibition at Winston Wächter Fine Art in New York in September and October of 2015. Her drawings have been used in the set design for the Netflix TV series House of Cards.

In August 2012, Forman led Chasing the Light, an expedition sailing up the coast of Greenland, retracing the 1869 journey of American painter William Bradford and documenting the rapidly changing arctic landscape. Continuing to address climate change in her work, Forman traveled multiple times to the Maldives, the lowest-lying country in the world, and arguably the most vulnerable to rising sea levels.

Forman was invited aboard the National Geographic Explorer, traveling to Antarctica as an artist-in-residence in November and December 2015. Her next solo show will take place at Winston Wächter Fine Art’s Seattle location, in February and March of 2017.

More profile about the speaker
Zaria Forman | Speaker | TED.com
TED Talks Live

Zaria Forman: Drawings that show the beauty and fragility of Earth

扎麗婭 福爾曼: 展現地球美麗與脆弱的畫作

Filmed:
1,444,326 views

扎麗婭 福爾曼的大篇幅畫作中融化的冰川,漂浮在晶瑩水面上的冰山以及浪尖充滿泡沫的浪花這些畫面展現了自然轉變的瞬間,天氣狂暴的瞬間以及寧靜安詳的瞬間。來聽聽她講述的藝術創作時冥想的過程以及她作品背後的意義。“我的畫作是對即將消逝的美麗自然的讚美”,她說道。“我希望我的作品是對不斷變化著的偉大自然的記錄”。
- Artist
Zaria Forman uses visual art to connect people with the impact of climate change. Full bio

Double-click (or triple-click) the English transcript below to play the video.

00:12
I consider考慮 it my life's人生 mission任務
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我把用我的作品来
00:15
to convey傳達 the urgency
of climate氣候 change更改 through通過 my work.
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展示氣候變化的緊迫性
視作我人生的使命
00:19
I've traveled旅行 north to the Arctic北極
to the capture捕獲 the unfolding展開 story故事
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我到過北極去了解關於
極地冰川融化的
00:23
of polar極性 melt熔化,
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未知故事
00:25
and south to the Equator赤道 to document文件
the subsequent隨後 rising升起 seas海域.
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我也去到赤道地區去記錄
海平面上升帶來的一系列影響
00:29
Most recently最近, I visited參觀
the icy冷冰冰 coast of Greenland格陵蘭
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最近 我去了格林蘭島寒冷的海岸
00:33
and the low-lying islands島嶼 of the Maldives馬爾代夫,
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以及馬爾代夫低窪的島嶼
00:36
connecting two seemingly似乎 disparate不同
but equally一樣 endangered瀕危
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我將地球上這兩個看起來
互不相干卻面臨同樣危機的地區
00:41
parts部分 of our planet行星.
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聯繫起來
00:43
My drawings圖紙 explore探索 moments瞬間
of transition過渡, turbulence動亂
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我的畫作展示的是地景
00:49
and tranquility寧靜 in the landscape景觀,
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轉化的瞬間、天氣狂暴的瞬間
以及寧靜美麗的瞬間
00:52
allowing允許 viewers觀眾 to emotionally感情上 connect
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這些瞬間能讓觀看者與畫作中
00:55
with a place地點 you might威力 never
have the chance機會 to visit訪問.
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他們可能永遠沒機會去到的地方
產生情感上的共鳴
00:59
I choose選擇 to convey傳達 the beauty美女
as opposed反對 to the devastation毀壞.
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我選擇在畫作中展示的是
自然風景的美麗而不是被破壞的一面
01:04
If you can experience經驗 the sublimity崇高
of these landscapes景觀,
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如果你能體會到這些
自然風光的莊嚴崇高
01:08
perhaps也許 you'll你會 be inspired啟發
to protect保護 and preserve保留 them.
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或許你就會意識到應該保護自然
01:13
Behavioral行為的 psychology心理學 tells告訴 us
that we take action行動
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行為心理學告訴
我們影響我們行動和下決心
01:16
and make decisions決定 based基於
on our emotions情緒 above以上 all else其他.
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最大的影響因素是情緒
01:21
And studies學習 have shown顯示
that art藝術 impacts影響 our emotions情緒
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有研究已經證明藝術比駭人的新聞
01:24
more effectively有效 than a scary害怕 news新聞 report報告.
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更能影響我們的情緒
01:29
Experts專家 predict預測 ice-free不凍 Arctic北極 summers夏天
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專家預測在不久的2020年
01:32
as early as 2020.
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北極的夏季將不再有冰川
01:35
And sea levels水平 are likely容易 to rise上升
between之間 two and ten feet
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並且在本世紀末之前
01:39
by century's世紀 end結束.
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海平面將升高2到10英呎
01:42
I have dedicated專用 my career事業
to illuminating照明 these projections預測
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我將我的事業致力於
用容易理解的媒介來
01:47
with an accessible無障礙 medium,
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解釋這些預測
01:49
one that moves移動 us in a way
that statistics統計 may可能 not.
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這種媒介比能以數據做不到的方式
來驅使我們保護環境
01:54
My process處理 begins開始
with traveling旅行 to the places地方
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我以開始到
01:57
at the forefront第一線 of climate氣候 change更改.
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氣候變化影響最大的
各個地方旅行為開端
01:59
On-site現場, I take thousands數千 of photographs照片.
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我在這些地方拍下了
成千上萬張照片
02:02
Back in the studio工作室,
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然後我回到工作室
02:03
I work from both my memory記憶
of the experience經驗 and the photographs照片
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通過我自己的回憶經歷和照片來
02:08
to create創建 very large-scale大規模 compositions成分,
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創作大篇幅的作品
02:10
sometimes有時 over 10 feet wide.
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有時這些作品的寬度
能超過10英呎
02:13
I draw with soft柔軟的 pastel柔和, which哪一個 is dry
like charcoal木炭, but colors顏色.
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我用粉筆作畫
它看起來像有顏色的木炭
02:18
I consider考慮 my work drawings圖紙
but others其他 call them painting繪畫.
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我認為我的作品是畫作
但是其他人將它們稱之為畫畫
02:22
I cringe低三下四, though雖然, when I'm referred簡稱 to
as a "finger手指 painter畫家."
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但是當我被介紹為“手指畫家”
的時候我還是會難堪
02:26
(Laughter笑聲)
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(笑聲)
02:27
But I don't use any tools工具
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但是我畫畫不用任何工具
02:29
and I have always used
my fingers手指 and palms手掌
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我用我的手指和手掌來
02:32
to manipulate操作 the pigment顏料 on the paper.
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操縱紙上的顏料
02:35
Drawing畫畫 is a form形成 of meditation冥想 for me.
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畫畫對我來說是一種冥想
02:40
It quiets平靜下來 my mind心神.
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能讓我的思緒安靜下來
02:42
I don't perceive感知 what I'm drawing畫畫
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我不去刻意思考我正在畫什麼
02:44
as ice or water.
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不去刻意想畫的是冰還是水
02:45
Instead代替, the image圖片 is stripped剝離 down
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而是讓畫面自然而然
02:48
to its most basic基本 form形成 of color顏色 and shape形狀.
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以它最基本的顏色和形狀呈現
02:52
Once一旦 the piece is complete完成,
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當一幅畫完成之後
02:54
I can finally最後 experience經驗
the composition組成 as a whole整個,
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我才會感受到它的完整性
02:57
as an iceberg冰山 floating漂浮的
through通過 glassy water,
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它展現的是漂浮在
晶瑩剔透的水面上的冰山
03:00
or a wave cresting登頂 with foam泡沫.
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或者是浪尖全是泡沫的海浪
03:03
On average平均, a piece this size尺寸
takes me about,
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像這樣規模的畫作平均會耗時
03:07
as you can see, 10 seconds.
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如影片所見 - 10秒鐘
03:09
(Laughter笑聲)
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(笑聲)
03:11
(Applause掌聲)
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(掌聲)
03:15
Really, more like 200 hours小時,
250 hours小時 for something that size尺寸.
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其實它會耗時超過200小時
甚至大規模的某些作品會花費250小時
03:19
But I've been drawing畫畫 ever since以來
I could hold保持 a crayon蠟筆, really.
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我從能夠握住蠟筆
就開始畫畫一直到現在
03:22
My mom媽媽 was an artist藝術家, and growing生長 up,
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我母親是個藝術家
在我的成長過程中
03:24
we always had art藝術 supplies耗材
all over the house.
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我被各式藝術原料包圍
03:27
My mother's母親 love of photography攝影
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我母親對攝影的熱愛
03:29
propelled推進的 her to the most
remote遠程 regions地區 of the earth地球,
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驅使她去了世界上最遙遠的地區
03:33
and my family家庭 and I were fortunate幸運 enough足夠
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我和我的家人有幸能夠
03:35
to join加入 and support支持 her
on these adventures冒險.
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支持她並參與她的冒險旅程
03:39
We rode騎著車 camels駱駝 in Northern北方 Africa非洲
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我們在北非騎過駱駝
03:41
and mushed搗成泥 on dog sleds雪橇
near the North Pole.
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在北極坐過狗撬
03:45
In August八月 of 2012,
I led my first expedition遠征,
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從2012年8月開始
我領導第一次考察
03:50
taking服用 a group of artists藝術家 and scholars學者
up the northwest西北 coast of Greenland格陵蘭.
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帶領一組由藝術家和學者組成的考察隊
去格陵蘭島的西北海岸
03:56
My mother母親 was originally本來
supposed應該 to lead this trip.
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這次考察本來
該由我母親帶領
03:59
She and I were in the early
stages階段 of planning規劃,
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但是當我們剛開始初期準備
04:01
as we had intended to go together一起,
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要一起出發去考察的時候
04:04
when she fell下跌 victim受害者 to a brain tumor.
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她查出有腦瘤
04:07
The cancer癌症 quickly很快 took over
her body身體 and mind心神,
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癌症迅速擊垮了她的身體和意志
04:11
and she passed通過 away six months個月 later後來.
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6個月后 她去世了
04:15
During the months個月 of her illness疾病, though雖然,
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儘管在被病痛折磨的那幾個月
04:17
her dedication貢獻 to the expedition遠征
never wavered動搖, and I made製作 a promise諾言
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她依然堅持為考察的事情付出
我也承諾
04:22
to carry攜帶 out her final最後 journey旅程.
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會代替她走完這最後旅程
04:25
My mother's母親 passion for the Arctic北極
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在格陵蘭島的經歷
04:28
echoed呼應 through通過 my experience經驗 in Greenland格陵蘭,
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使我回想起了我母親對北極的熱愛
04:31
and I felt the power功率
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讓我感受到了自然的偉大力量
04:34
and the fragility脆弱性 of the landscape景觀.
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以及自然的脆弱
04:38
The sheer絕對 size尺寸 of the icebergs冰山
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陡峭的冰山
04:41
is humbling震撼人心.
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讓人望而生畏
04:43
The ice fields領域 are alive
with movement運動 and sound聲音
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冰山是能夠移動和發出聲音
像是活著一樣
04:46
in a way that I never expected預期.
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完全出乎我的意料
04:49
I expanded擴大 the scale規模 of my compositions成分
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我加大作品規模
04:51
to give you that same相同 sense of awe威嚴
that I experienced有經驗的.
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想讓你們也能感受到
我所體驗到的對自然的敬畏
04:57
Yet然而, while the grandeur富麗堂皇
of the ice is evident明顯,
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冰山的宏偉壯觀是顯而易見的
05:00
so, too, is its vulnerability漏洞.
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它的脆弱也不容忽視
05:03
From our boat,
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從我們乘坐的船上
05:04
I could see the ice sweating出汗
under the unseasonably反常 warm sun太陽.
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我能看到冰在不符合
季節的暖陽下融化
05:10
We had a chance機會 to visit訪問
many許多 of the Inuit因紐特人 communities社區 in Greenland格陵蘭
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我們也去拜訪了許多
格陵蘭島上的因紐特人社區
05:14
that now face面對 huge巨大 challenges挑戰.
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他們現在面臨著巨大的挑戰
05:17
The locals當地人 spoke to me
of vast廣大 areas of sea ice
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當地人向我講述
當初廣闊的海上冰川
05:20
that are no longer
freezing冷凍 over as they once一旦 did.
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已不再像從前那樣結冰了
05:23
And without ice, their hunting狩獵
and harvesting收穫 grounds理由
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沒有了冰 他們打獵和種植的土地
05:26
are severely嚴重 diminished減少,
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也隨之消失
05:28
threatening危險的 their way
of life and survival生存.
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這嚴重威脅了他們的生活和生存
05:32
The melting融化 glaciers冰川 in Greenland格陵蘭
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融化的格陵蘭島冰河
05:34
are one of the largest最大
contributing貢獻 factors因素 to rising升起 sea levels水平,
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是海平面上升的最大原因之一
05:38
which哪一個 have already已經 begun開始 to drown
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海平面的上升已經開始
05:41
some of our world's世界 lowest-lying最低說謊 islands島嶼.
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淹沒世界上地勢最低的海島
05:44
One year after my trip to Greenland格陵蘭,
I visited參觀 the Maldives馬爾代夫,
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格林蘭島之行的一年
之後我去了馬爾代夫
05:49
the lowest最低 and flattest平坦 country國家
in the entire整個 world世界.
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它是世界上地勢最低最平坦的國家
05:52
While I was there, I collected
images圖片 and inspiration靈感
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我在那裡為我的新作品
05:56
for a new body身體 of work:
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拍攝照片和獲取靈感
05:59
drawings圖紙 of waves波浪 lapping精研
on the coast of a nation國家
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我想畫下海浪拍打著
這個海岸之國的畫面
06:03
that could be entirely完全 underwater水下
within this century世紀.
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畫這個可能在本世紀內
就淹沒於海底的國家
06:09
Devastating破壞性的 events事件 happen發生 every一切 day
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每天都有令人沮喪的事
06:13
on scales both global全球 and personal個人.
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發生在世界與個人身上
06:16
When I was in Greenland格陵蘭,
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當我在格林蘭島時
06:18
I scattered疏散 my mother's母親 ashes灰燼
amidst煙雨 the melting融化 ice.
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我將我母親的骨灰
撒在了融化的冰川之中
06:22
Now she remains遺跡 a part部分
of the landscape景觀 she loved喜愛 so much,
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現在她與她所深愛的風景融為一體
06:27
even as it, too, passes通行證
and takes on new form形成.
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她對自然的熱愛以新的方式繼續延續
06:33
Among其中 the many許多 gifts禮品 my mother母親 gave me
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在我母親賦予我的許多天賦之中
06:35
was the ability能力 to focus焦點 on the positive,
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重要的是專注於事物的積極面的能力
06:38
rather than the negative.
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而非關注它們的消極性
06:41
My drawings圖紙 celebrate慶祝 the beauty美女
of what we all stand to lose失去.
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我的畫作是對即將消逝的美麗的讚美
06:47
I hope希望 they can serve服務 as records記錄
of sublime昇華 landscapes景觀 in flux通量,
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我希望它們能記錄不斷
變化著的崇高的自然
06:53
documenting文檔化 the transition過渡
and inspiring鼓舞人心 our global全球 community社區
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記錄自然的變化並鼓勵全世界的人們
06:58
to take action行動 for the future未來.
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為了美好未來而行動起來
07:01
Thank you.
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謝謝
07:02
(Applause掌聲)
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(掌聲)
Translated by Coco Shen
Reviewed by ChingTse Wu

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ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Zaria Forman - Artist
Zaria Forman uses visual art to connect people with the impact of climate change.

Why you should listen

The inspiration for Zaria Forman's drawings began in early childhood when she traveled with her family throughout several of the world's most remote landscapes, which were the subject of her mother's fine art photography. She was born in South Natick, Massachusetts and currently works and resides in Brooklyn, New York. She studied at the Student Art Centers International in Florence, Italy and received a BS in Studio Arts at Skidmore College in New York. Her works have been in publications such as Juxtapoz Magazine, National Geographic Magazine, Huffington Post, and the Smithsonian Magazine.

Recent achievements include participation in Banksy's Dismaland and a solo exhibition at Winston Wächter Fine Art in New York in September and October of 2015. Her drawings have been used in the set design for the Netflix TV series House of Cards.

In August 2012, Forman led Chasing the Light, an expedition sailing up the coast of Greenland, retracing the 1869 journey of American painter William Bradford and documenting the rapidly changing arctic landscape. Continuing to address climate change in her work, Forman traveled multiple times to the Maldives, the lowest-lying country in the world, and arguably the most vulnerable to rising sea levels.

Forman was invited aboard the National Geographic Explorer, traveling to Antarctica as an artist-in-residence in November and December 2015. Her next solo show will take place at Winston Wächter Fine Art’s Seattle location, in February and March of 2017.

More profile about the speaker
Zaria Forman | Speaker | TED.com