Matt Russo: What does the universe sound like? A musical tour
Matt Russo is an astrophysicist and musician who translates the rhythm and harmony of the cosmos into music and sound. Full bio
Double-click the English transcript below to play the video.
to close your eyes, please ...
in the middle of a large, open field
you don't just see the stars appear,
being the loudest notes
producing the higher-pitched notes.
is made up of different types of stars,
their own unique melody,
it from a new perspective,
with a wider range of people.
I'm an astrophysicist,
they're like, "Yeah, we know."
between music and astronomy.
from such theorems
in the humming of the strings,
of the spheres."
along the celestial sphere
"Why don't we hear anything?"
what it's like to not hear it;
for your power to go out
your refrigerator was.
including such names as Aristotle.
as the heavens themselves
there is no music of the spheres.
only purpose was to cool down the blood,
they were actually both right.
what makes music musical.
sound relatively pleasing or consonant,
a lot more tense or dissonant,
very fast back and forth.
you'll get two strings,
really is simple ratios:
those two notes will sound together.
the more dissonant they will sound.
between tension and release,
we like to think of as pitch and rhythms,
of the same thing,
more than about 20 times per second,
and starts hearing it as a pitch.
to the TRAPPIST-1 system.
discovered last February of 2017,
all orbiting a very near red dwarf star.
for liquid water.
that in the next few years,
elements in their atmospheres
potential signs of life.
the TRAPPIST system is that it is tiny.
of the inner rocky planets
planets of TRAPPIST-1
the orbit of Mercury.
of the TRAPPIST-1 planets.
to our planet Jupiter and its moons,
Earth-size planets orbiting a star.
was artist renderings like this.
some ice, maybe some land,
in this amazing orange sunset.
some other papers came out
it probably looks more like this.
might actually be molten lava
X-rays coming from the central star --
of life and even strip off atmospheres.
with more refined measurements,
it does look something like that.
have huge supplies of water --
have thick atmospheres,
for potential life.
exciting about this system,
is a resonant chain.
of the outer planet,
among the orbits of these planets.
you can get rhythms, right?
a planet goes around.
that motion up even more,
even human-like harmony.
a note for every orbit of each planet,
from the system itself.
into the human hearing range.
for every time two planets align.
get close to each other
its light converted into sound.
how this is even possible.
of the analogy of an orchestra.
to start playing in an orchestra,
with their neighbors' instruments,
to TRAPPIST-1 early in its existence.
because this system is so compact --
wasn't very finely tuned,
disrupt each other's orbits,
that is keeping this system alive --
but it's not pretty.
is on a much, much larger scale,
near the bottom of our hearing range,
to be all the way up
are not very compact --
their orbits to each other,
their own random note at random times.
the laws of planetary motion.
between music, astronomy and geometry.
harmony amongst the solar system's planets
had he lived on TRAPPIST-1,
discovered in January of 2018
they were all finely tuned.
proposed by Pythagoras himself,
named after Kepler,
is go back in time
they would've sounded like
How far does this go?
at U of T's planetarium,
named Robyn Rennie and her daughter Erin.
to fully see it for 13 years
if there was anything I could do.
I could think of from the universe
what became "Our Musical Universe."
and harmony of the cosmos.
by this presentation
representation of her experience.
by putting Jupiter on it for the poster.
of all vision levels
of the universe,
to the edge of the observable universe.
of a musical odyssey
with new eyes and with new ears,
ABOUT THE SPEAKERMatt Russo - Astrophysicist, musician
Matt Russo is an astrophysicist and musician who translates the rhythm and harmony of the cosmos into music and sound.
Why you should listen
Matt Russo co-founded the art-science project SYSTEM Sounds and works to make astronomy more accessible to the visually impaired. His work has been featured in the New York Times, and he will lead an orchestra in an upcoming BBC documentary on the TRAPPIST-1 planetary system. He is currently a professor at Seneca College in Toronto, Canada, where he teaches a course on the deep connections between music and astronomy.
Matt Russo | Speaker | TED.com