ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Ravin Agrawal - Investor
As an emerging markets investor, Ravin Agrawal tries to predict the future, balancing economic, political and technological factors.

Why you should listen

Ravin Agrawal has drawn on his time in the US and India to bring the best of each world to the other. Born in New Jersey, he grew up between Louisiana and Kolkata before entering Harvard Business School.

Agrawal began his career as a business consultant for McKinsey & Co., helping global banks navigate the opportunities of Internet commerce. Since then, he has served as the managing director of Passport India Fund and Quantum India Fund, and today is the managing member of Corellian Capital in the San Francisco Bay area.

More profile about the speaker
Ravin Agrawal | Speaker | TED.com
TEDIndia 2009

Ravin Agrawal: 10 young Indian artists to watch

阿格拉瓦爾:認識10位優秀的印度藝術家

Filmed:
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收藏家,阿格拉瓦爾介紹了10位年輕有為的印度當代藝術家。每位擅長不同領域,,以自己的角度展現印度文化.
- Investor
As an emerging markets investor, Ravin Agrawal tries to predict the future, balancing economic, political and technological factors. Full bio

Double-click the English transcript below to play the video.

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Right now is the most exciting扣人心弦 time
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現在是最佳時機
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to see new Indian印度人 art藝術.
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欣賞新印度藝術作品
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Contemporary現代的 artists藝術家 in India印度 are having a conversation會話 with the world世界
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印度當代藝術家與世界交流的方式
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like never before.
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有別以往
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I thought it might威力 be interesting有趣, even for the many許多 long-time長時間
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這是一件很有趣的事 ,讓TED長期的
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collectors收藏家 here with us at TEDTED, local本地 collectors收藏家,
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收藏家,本地的收藏家
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to have an outside view視圖 of 10 young年輕 Indian印度人 artists藝術家
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有機會了解10位年輕印度藝術家的背景
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I wish希望 everyone大家 at TEDTED to know.
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我希望TED的觀眾同樣能認識他們
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The first is Bharti巴蒂 Kher喀爾.
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首先要介紹的是巴爾第‧克爾(Bharti Kher)
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The central中央 motif主題 of Bharti'sBharti的 practice實踐
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巴爾第基本主要題材
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is the ready-made現成 store-bought商店購買 bindi賓迪
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是現成可以購買的吉祥痣
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that untold數不清 millions百萬 of Indian印度人 women婦女 apply應用 to their foreheads額頭,
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也就是無數印度女子在額頭點上的紅痣
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every一切 day, in an act法案 closely密切 associated相關 with
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天天如此,密切關係到
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the institution機構 of marriage婚姻.
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婚姻制度
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But originally本來 the significance意義 of the bindi賓迪
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其實,吉祥痣原本
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is to symbolize象徵 the third第三 eye
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象徵第三眼
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between之間 the spiritual精神 world世界 and the religious宗教 world世界.
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通往靈異世界以及宗教世界
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Bharti巴蒂 seeks尋求 to liberate解放 this everyday每天 cliche陳詞濫調, as she calls電話 it,
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巴爾第,一直設法解脫這種普遍的刻板印象
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by exploding爆炸 it into something spectacular壯觀.
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讓吉祥痣展示其驚心動魄的一面
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She also creates創建 life-size真人大小 fiberglass玻璃纖維 sculptures雕塑, often經常 of animals動物,
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她也用玻璃纖維創作真人大小的雕刻品,多以動物為題材
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which哪一個 she then completely全然 covers蓋子 in bindisbindis,
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作品完成後,巴爾第會將他貼滿吉祥痣
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often經常 with potent有力的 symbolism象徵.
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具有強烈的象徵意義
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She says she first got started開始 with
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巴爾第介紹最初
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10 packets of bindisbindis,
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是用10包吉祥痣創作
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and then wondered想知道 what she could do with 10 thousand.
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然後,她好奇一萬包吉祥痣,能創作什麼?
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Our next下一個 artist藝術家, BalasubramaniamBalasubramaniam,
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下一個藝術家是…巴拉蘇巴馬廉(Balasubramaniam)
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really stands站立 at the crossroads十字路口 of sculpture雕塑, painting繪畫 and installation安裝,
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他的創作包括雕塑、油畫、裝置藝術
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working加工 wonders奇蹟 with fiberglass玻璃纖維.
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用玻璃纖維做出魔術般的創作
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Since以來 Bala巴拉 himself他自己 will be speaking請講 at TEDTED
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巴拉蘇也會在TED演講
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I won't慣於 spend too much time on him here today今天,
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我今天就不多說了
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except to say that he really succeeds成功
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但還是要介紹他的創作
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at making製造 the invisible無形 visible可見.
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能展現大家看不見的一面
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Brooklyn-based基於布魯克林 Chitra奇特拉 GaneshGanesh神
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住在紐約布魯克林的甘納許(Chitra Ganesh)
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is known已知 for her digital數字 collages拼貼,
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以照片拼貼出名
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using運用 Indian印度人 comic滑稽 books圖書 called amar阿馬爾 chitra奇特拉 kathaskathas
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將印度漫畫《亞瑪‧齊塔拉‧卡撒》
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as her primary source資源 material材料.
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為主要題材
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These comics漫畫 are a fundamental基本的 way
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這些漫畫基本上
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that children孩子, especially特別 in the diaspora散居,
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是小孩,尤其離散的猶太人
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learn學習 their religious宗教 and mythological神話 folk民間 tales故事.
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學有關宗教及民間故事的途徑
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I, for one, was steeped浸淫 in these.
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我曾經也迷上這些漫畫
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Chitra奇特拉 basically基本上 remixes混音 and re-titles重新職稱
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甘納許基本上會從新組合、從新命名
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these iconic標誌性的 images圖片
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這些富象徵性的圖畫
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to tease out some of the sexual有性 and gender性別 politics政治
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挑出漫畫裡有關性或性別政治
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embedded嵌入式 in these deeply influential有影響 comics漫畫.
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所隱藏的深奧訊息
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And she uses使用 this vocabulary詞彙 in her installation安裝 work as well.
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將這些詞彙用在裝置藝術
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JitishJitish Kallat卡拉特 successfully順利 practices做法 across橫過 photography攝影,
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卡拉擅長攝影
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sculpture雕塑, painting繪畫 and installation安裝.
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雕塑、油畫、裝置藝術
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As you can see, he's heavily嚴重 influenced影響
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像你所看到的,他受
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by graffiti塗鴉 and street art藝術,
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塗鴉及街頭藝術影響
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and his home city of Mumbai孟買 is an ever-present永遠存在 element元件 in his work.
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而他居住的城市,孟買,經常出現在他的藝術作品裡
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He really captures捕獲 that sense of density密度
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他掌握了那種濃厚
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and energy能源 which哪一個 really characterizes特徵化 modern現代 urban城市的 Bombay孟買.
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有活力的孟買特色
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He also creates創建 phantasmagoric變幻不定 sculptures雕塑
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卡拉也創作幻影似的雕塑
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made製作 of bones骨頭 from cast resin樹脂.
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以樹脂鑄造骨骼
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Here he envisions設想 the carcass胴體
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這作品的靈感來自
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of an autorickshaw自動人力車 he once一旦 witnessed目擊 burning燃燒 in a riot暴動.
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一次暴亂中,看到嘟嘟車燒毀
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This next下一個 artist藝術家, N.S. Harsha,
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下一位藝術家,哈夏 (N.S.Harsha)
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actually其實 has a studio工作室 right here in Mysore邁索爾.
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其實在邁索爾這裡有畫室
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He's putting a contemporary現代的 spin on the miniature微型 tradition傳統.
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他打破傳統的畫風
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He creates創建 these fine, delicate精巧 images圖片
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創造又小又精緻的圖像
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which哪一個 he then repeats重複 on a massive大規模的 scale規模.
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然後複製為更大規模
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He uses使用 scale規模 to more and more spectacular壯觀 effect影響,
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他創作規模越來越大
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whether是否 on the roof屋頂 of a temple寺廟 in Singapore新加坡,
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不管是在新加坡寺廟的屋頂
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or in his increasingly日益 ambitious有雄心 installation安裝 work,
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或在裝置藝術上,越來越雄心勃勃
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here with 192 functioning功能 sewing針線活 machines,
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在這畫面裡有192台可運行的縫紉機
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fabricating製造 the flags of every一切 member會員 of the United聯合的 Nations國家.
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正縫製每一個聯合國成員的國旗
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Mumbai-based- 孟買 DhruviDhruvi Acharya阿查裡雅
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阿恰雅(Dhruvi Acharya),居住在孟買
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builds建立 on her love of comic滑稽 books圖書 and street art藝術
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以最愛的漫畫和街頭藝術
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to comment評論 on the roles角色 and expectations期望
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表達對現代印度女性
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of modern現代 Indian印度人 women婦女.
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角色的看法和期待
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She too mines礦山 the rich豐富 source資源 material材料 of amar阿馬爾 chitra奇特拉 kathaskathas,
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她也採用《亞瑪‧齊塔拉‧卡撒》這類擁有豐富題材的漫畫
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but in a very different不同 way than Chitra奇特拉 GaneshGanesh神.
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但風格和甘納許不一樣
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In this particular特定 work, she actually其實 strips帶子 out the images圖片
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在這個作品裡,她將圖片刪掉
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and leaves樹葉 the actual實際 text文本
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只留下文字
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to reveal揭示 something previously先前 unseen看不見, and provocative挑釁.
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揭開大家前所未見或富爭議的一面
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RaqibRaqib Shaw is Kolkata-born加爾各答出生,
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拉齊(Raqib Shaw) 出生於加爾各答
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Kashmir-raised克什米爾募集,
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在克什米爾長大
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and London-trained倫敦訓練.
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倫敦受教育
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He too is reinventing重塑 the miniature微型 tradition傳統.
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他給予傳統新的生命
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He creates創建 these opulent富裕的 tableaustableaus inspired啟發 by Hieronymus海歐納莫斯 Bosch博世,
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受波希(Hieronymus Bosch)啟發,創作出既華麗又生動的作品
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but also by the Kashmiri克什米爾 textiles紡織品 of his youth青年.
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當然,靈感也來自年少時所接觸的克什米爾紡織品
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He actually其實 applies適用 metallic金屬的 industrial產業 paints油漆 to his work
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他會用金屬工業油漆在作品上
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using運用 porcupine豪豬 quills羽毛筆 to get this rich豐富 detailed詳細 effect影響.
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用豪豬刺做的筆,畫出細膩的細節
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I'm kind of cheating作弊 with this next下一個 artist藝術家
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說到下一位藝術家,我有點騙了大家
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since以來 RaqsRaqs的 Media媒體 Collective集體 are really
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其實Raqs媒體小組
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three artists藝術家 working加工 together一起.
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有三位藝術家共同在創作
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RaqsRaqs的 are probably大概 the foremost最重要的是 practitioners從業者
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Raqs 應該是現今印度媒體藝術
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of multimedia多媒體 art藝術 in India印度 today今天,
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原始創造者
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working加工 across橫過 photography攝影, video視頻 and installation安裝.
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由攝影、影片到裝置藝術
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They frequently經常 explore探索 themes主題 of globalization全球化 and urbanization城市化,
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經常以探討全球化及都市化為主題
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and their home of Delhi新德里 is a frequent頻繁 element元件 in their work.
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而所居住的城市,德里,也常常出現在作品中
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Here, they invite邀請 the viewer觀眾 to analyze分析 a crime犯罪
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在這圖裡,他們邀請觀看的人,分析犯罪現場
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looking at evidence證據 and clues線索 embedded嵌入式
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注意出現的證據及線索
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in five narratives敘事 on these five different不同 screens屏幕,
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五個畫面分別藏有五個故事
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in which哪一個 the city itself本身 may可能 have been the culprit罪魁禍首.
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其實,這城市本身或許就是兇手
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This next下一個 artist藝術家 is probably大概 the alphaα male
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下一位藝術家,算是第一把交椅
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of contemporary現代的 Indian印度人 art藝術, Subodh蘇博德 Gupta古普塔.
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在印度當代藝術裡,庫普塔塔
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He was first known已知 for creating創建 giant巨人 photo-realistic照片般逼真的 canvases畫布,
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以創作類似相片的巨大油畫成名
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paintings繪畫 of everyday每天 objects對象,
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題材圍繞日常會遇到的東西
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the stainless不銹 steel kitchen廚房 vessels船隻 and tiffin蒂芬 containers集裝箱
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還有不銹鋼餐具跟便當盒
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known已知 to every一切 Indian印度人.
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都是印度人最熟悉的
05:13
He celebrates慶祝 these local本地 and mundane平凡 objects對象 globally全球,
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他將平凡、地道的東西,向全球展現
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and on a grander宏大 and grander宏大 scale規模,
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而且作品越做越大
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by incorporating結合 them into ever more colossal龐大
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他將這些東西與巨大的
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sculptures雕塑 and installations安裝.
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雕塑或裝置藝術融為一體
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And finally最後 number 10, last and certainly當然 not least最小,
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第十位,雖然最後但也很重要
05:30
RanjaniRanjani ShettarShettar,
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謝塔爾 (Ranjani Shettar)
05:32
who lives生活 and works作品 here in the state of Karnataka卡納塔克邦,
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在印度的卡纳塔克邦(Karnataka)工作及居住
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creates創建 ethereal空靈 sculptures雕塑 and installations安裝
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她創造空氣般的雕塑和裝置藝術
05:36
that really marry結婚 the organic有機 to the industrial產業,
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結合了有機塑材與製造品
05:39
and brings帶來, like Subodh蘇博德, the local本地 global全球.
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就像庫普塔,帶來了全球性藝術
05:42
These are actually其實 wires電線 wrapped包裹 in muslin
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這個作品其實是由棉布包裹鐵絲
05:45
and steeped浸淫 in vegetable蔬菜 dye染料.
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然後染色而成的
05:47
And she arranges整理 them so that the viewer觀眾
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她在擺設作品時
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actually其實 has to navigate導航 through通過 the space空間,
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希望讓看的人摸索作品
05:51
and interact相互作用 with the objects對象.
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與作品有所互動
05:53
And light and shadow陰影 are a very important重要 part部分 of her work.
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燈光及影子是她創作裡的重要部分
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She also explores探討 themes主題 of consumerism消費主義,
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她也探索消費主義
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and the environment環境, such這樣 as in this work,
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還有環境,好比說
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where these basket-like籃狀 objects對象 look organic有機 and woven編織,
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這些類似籃子有機物編織品,
06:03
and are woven編織,
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也確實是紡織而成
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but with the strips帶子 of steel, salvaged打撈 from cars汽車
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用從舊車找來的鋼條
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that she found發現 in a Bangalore班加羅爾 junkyard垃圾場.
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就是邦加羅爾的廢物堆積場來的舊車
06:13
10 artists藝術家, six minutes分鐘, I know that was a lot to take in.
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六分鐘內介紹10位藝術家,確實很難全部吸收
06:16
But I can only hope希望 I've whet your appetite食慾
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但希望能夠引起大家對藝術的興趣
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to go out and see and learn學習 more
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有機會多看多學
06:20
about the amazing驚人 things that are happening事件 in art藝術 in India印度 today今天.
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一些現今印度精彩優秀的藝術作品
06:23
Thank you very much for looking and listening.
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非常謝謝大家的觀賞
06:26
(Applause掌聲)
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(掌聲)
Translated by Brenda Yuan
Reviewed by Sarah Sau

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ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Ravin Agrawal - Investor
As an emerging markets investor, Ravin Agrawal tries to predict the future, balancing economic, political and technological factors.

Why you should listen

Ravin Agrawal has drawn on his time in the US and India to bring the best of each world to the other. Born in New Jersey, he grew up between Louisiana and Kolkata before entering Harvard Business School.

Agrawal began his career as a business consultant for McKinsey & Co., helping global banks navigate the opportunities of Internet commerce. Since then, he has served as the managing director of Passport India Fund and Quantum India Fund, and today is the managing member of Corellian Capital in the San Francisco Bay area.

More profile about the speaker
Ravin Agrawal | Speaker | TED.com