Mathias Basner: Why noise is bad for your health -- and what you can do about it
馬西爾斯 · 貝斯納: 為什麼噪音對健康有害，和你可以採取什麼措施
Mathias Basner researches the effects of noise on sleep, health, neurobehavioral and cognitive functions and more. Full bio
Double-click the English transcript below to play the video.
rare commodity these days,
in terms of our health --
we can do right now,
of the sounds of silence.
too much noise is bad for your hearing.
and you have that ringing in your ears,
some damage to your hearing,
in many different ways beyond hearing.
as the auditory effects.
when we talk about noise?
a physical component, the sound,
the sound unwanted.
being exposed to 100 decibels,
paid a hundred dollars for the ticket,
this person doesn't think of it as noise.
three blocks away from the concert hall.
because of the music.
are much lower in this situation,
of the music as noise,
in the long run, have health consequences.
in so many ways beyond hearing.
difficult to find quiet spaces
personal music players,
are lost every year
member states alone.
is that it disturbs communication.
to be understood.
have to pause the conversation.
in a noisy environment.
why studies have found
schools in noisy areas
in academic performance.
health effect of noise
for cardiovascular disease
to relevant noise levels
or no control over it.
like adrenaline and cortisol
in the composition of our blood
after a single night of noise exposure.
between the noise exposure
for high blood pressure,
are relatively small,
a major public health problem
to relevant noise levels.
noise exposure by five decibels,
like cancer, diabetes and obesity
are caused by the noise.
is sleep disturbance.
that recuperates us
of what sleep researchers call
has a watchman function.
our environment for threats,
in the time it takes us to fall asleep,
from going down during the night.
if these noise-induced sleep disturbances
disease is likely the consequence.
of these noise-induced sleep disturbances,
while we're sleeping.
on the effects of traffic noise on sleep,
wake up in the morning and say,
I fell asleep right away,
to the physiological signals
for the subjects to regain consciousness
during the next morning,
have a profound impact
once you start changing your behavior.
to be understood,
or you're closing your window.
to the basement of the house,
sound insulation installed.
to less noisy areas,
can afford that.
to improve our sound environment
if something's too loud, speak up.
of hearing are still going to the movies.
and nothing happens,
typically do understand.
about the health effects of noise
will have consequences when they're older.
to the quiet side of the house,
from road traffic noise.
or buy a new place,
different times of the day
when you're traveling
background noise levels.
or when you're on vacation.
in Japan four years ago.
and entered the airport,
we don't realize anymore
of noise pollution we're exposed to
from more quiet spaces.
we all have a noise footprint,
to make that noise footprint smaller.
at 7am on a Saturday morning.
makes the most sense,
to buy a new car,
blender, you name it,
the noise levels their devices generate,
regulation and enforcement are good ideas,
that generate noise
the business that is associated with it.
at what noise level
as relentlessly as cholera and the pest."
a nice, quiet celebration.
ABOUT THE SPEAKERMathias Basner - Sleep and noise researcher
Mathias Basner researches the effects of noise on sleep, health, neurobehavioral and cognitive functions and more.
Why you should listen
Mathias Basner, MD, PhD, MSc is an associate professor in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. His primary research interests concern the effects of sleep loss on neurobehavioral and cognitive functions, population studies on sleep time and waking activities, the effects of traffic noise on sleep and health, and astronaut behavioral health on long-duration space missions. These research areas overlap widely. Basner has published more than 80 journal articles and reviewed articles for more than 80 scientific journals. He is currently on the editorial board of the journals Sleep Health and Frontiers in Physiology.
Between 1999 and 2008, Basner conducted several large-scale laboratory and field studies on the effects of traffic noise on sleep at the German Aerospace Center. For this research, Basner was awarded the German Aerospace Center Research Award in 2007 and the Science Award of the German Academy for Aviation and Travel Medicine in 2010. Basner developed an ECG-based algorithm for the automatic identification of autonomic activations associated with cortical arousal that was used in several field studies to non-invasively assess the effects of aircraft noise on sleep. He is currently funded by the FAA to obtain current exposure-response functions describing the effects of aircraft noise on sleep for the United States. Basner has been an advisor to the World Health Organization (WHO) on the effects of traffic noise on sleep and health on a number of occasions. He performed a systematic evidence review on the effects of noise on sleep for the recently published revision of WHO's Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region.
Basner is currently President of the International Commission of Biological Effects of Noise (ICBEN) and member of the Impacts and Science Group of the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). He also represents the University of Pennsylvania in FAA's Aviation Sustainability Center (ASCENT).
Mathias Basner | Speaker | TED.com