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TED2010

Blaise Agüera y Arcas: Augmented-reality maps

Biaise Aguera y Arcas:演示为地图增加现实内容

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于TED2010的演讲中, Blaise Aguera y Arcas令人屏气地演示了微软的新颖地图技术,为地图增加现实内容的技术。

- Software architect
Blaise Agüera y Arcas works on machine learning at Google. Previously a Distinguished Engineer at Microsoft, he has worked on augmented reality, mapping, wearable computing and natural user interfaces. Full bio

About a year and a half ago,
大约于一年半前
00:15
Stephen斯蒂芬 Lawler劳勒, who also gave a talk
Stephen Lawler 在TED 2007 做了一个
00:17
here at TEDTED in 2007 on Virtual虚拟 Earth地球,
关于虚拟地球的演讲
00:20
brought me over to become成为 the architect建筑师 of Bing Maps地图,
也是他使我成为Bing地图的软件建筑师
00:22
which哪一个 is Microsoft's微软的 online-mapping在线地图 effort功夫.
那是微软于在线地图方面的一次努力
00:26
In the past过去 two and a half, we've我们已经 been very hard at work
过去的两年半中, 我们工作得很努力
00:29
on redefining重新定义 the way maps地图 work online线上.
我们试图从新定义地图是如何工作的
00:31
And we really are seeing眼看 this in very different不同 terms条款
我们是真正的将它当作一个完全不同的名词来看待
00:35
from the kind of mapping制图 and direction方向 site现场
从而改变大家曾经对地图和
00:37
that one is used to.
方向的概念
00:39
So, the first thing that you might威力 notice注意 about the mapping制图 site现场
所以, 这个地图网页首先引起你注意的
00:41
is just the fluidity流动性 of the zooming缩放 and the panning摇摄,
是流畅的地图缩放和平移,
00:43
which哪一个, if you're familiar at all with Seadragon海龙,
如果你熟悉Seadragon
00:45
that's where it comes from.
我们用的就是它的技术
00:47
Mapping制图 is, of course课程,
当然,地图并不仅仅
00:49
not just about cartography制图,
涉及制图学
00:51
it's also about imagery意象.
它也内含影像
00:53
So, as we zoom-in放大 beyond a certain某些 level水平
所以当我们放大到一定的程度
00:55
this resolves做出决议 into a kind of Sim City-like市样
这就转换成了虚拟的, 成45度角的
00:58
virtual虚拟 view视图 at 45 degrees.
模拟城市
01:01
This can be viewed观看 from any of the cardinal枢机主教 directions方向
你可以从任何角度来看它
01:03
to show显示 you the 3D structure结构体 of the city, all the facades外墙.
它从各个角度向人们展示了城市的三维机构
01:05
Now, we see this space空间, this three-dimensional三维 environment环境,
现在, 我们看到这个空间,这个三维的环境
01:08
as being存在 a canvas帆布 on which哪一个
作为一块画布
01:14
all sorts排序 of applications应用 can play out,
各种各样的应用程序都可以在上面进行发挥
01:17
and map's地图的 directions方向 are really just one of them.
用地图来指引方向只是其中的一个
01:23
If you click点击 on this, you'll你会 see
如果你点击这里
01:26
some of the ones那些 that we've我们已经 put out, just in the past过去 couple一对 of months个月
你可以看见我们于过去几个月里推出的东西
01:29
since以来 we've我们已经 launched推出.
我们的项目已经投放使用
01:32
So, for example, a couple一对 of days after the disaster灾害 in Haiti海地,
比如,在海地受灾后的几天里
01:34
we had an earthquake地震 map地图 that showed显示
我们的地震地图显示了
01:36
before and after pictures图片 from the sky天空.
震前和震后的空拍图片
01:38
This wonderful精彩 one which哪一个 I don't have time to show显示 you
由于时间问题,这个精彩的应用我就没办法演示给你们看
01:40
is taking服用 hyper-local超本地 blogs博客 in real真实 time
它于第一时间从本地的博客里提取内容
01:42
and mapping制图 those stories故事, those entries
将博客中提到的故事和记录
01:45
to the places地方 that are referred简称 to on the blogs博客.
用地图来标识
01:47
It's wonderful精彩.
真是很精彩
01:49
But I'm going to show显示 you some more candy糖果 sort分类 of stuff东东.
然而我要给你们看的是类似眼睛糖果的东西
01:52
So, we see the imagery意象, of course课程,
当然,我们看到图象
01:55
not stopping停止 at the sky天空.
不仅仅是停留在空中
01:59
These little green绿色 bubbles泡泡 represent代表
这些绿色的小泡泡代表
02:02
photosynthsphotosynths that users用户 have made制作.
用户做的照相的合成。
02:05
I'm not going to dive潜水 into them either, but photosynthsphotosynths are integrated集成 into the map地图.
对此我也不深入展开了,接下来我将展示照片的合成,及融入地图
02:07
Everything that's cased套管 in blue蓝色
所有的蓝色地带
02:10
is an area where we've我们已经 taken采取 imagery意象 on the ground地面 as well.
都是我们于地上拍过照的地方
02:12
And so, when you fly down --
因此, 你往下飞--
02:17
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)--
02:19
Thank you. When you fly down to the ground地面,
谢谢, 当你飞到陆地的时候
02:21
and you see this kind of panoramic全景 imagery意象,
你便可以看见类似的全景图像
02:23
the first thing that you might威力 notice注意 is that it's not just a picture图片,
你第一个注意到的是,这只不过是一张照片
02:26
there's just as much three-dimensional三维 understanding理解 of this environment环境
但是内含的三维信息
02:30
as there is of the three-dimensional三维 city from above以上,
和俯瞰三维城市一样丰富
02:33
so if I click点击 on something to get a closer接近 view视图 of it,
所以当我点击目标靠近观察
02:36
then, the fact事实 that that transition过渡 looks容貌 as it does,
事实上你可看到的那个转换的过程
02:40
is a function功能 of all of that geometry几何,
这都靠几何的功能
02:43
all of that 3D understanding理解 behind背后 this model模型.
这个模型的背后是对三维的整体认识
02:45
Now, I'll show显示 you a fun开玩笑 app应用
现在,我为你们展示一个有趣的程序
02:49
that -- we've我们已经 been working加工 on a collaboration合作 with our friends朋友 at FlickrFlickr的.
是我们伙同Flicker的朋友开发的
02:52
This takes FlickrFlickr的, georegisteredgeoregistered imagery意象
这个程序将Flickr里登记过地理位置图形
02:59
and uses使用 photosynth-likePhotosynth的样 processes流程
用类似图象合成的运作方式
03:02
to connect that imagery意象 to our imagery意象, so --
将那些图片跟我们的图片连接
03:05
I'm not sure if that's the one I actually其实 meant意味着 to pull up, but --
我不知道这是我要找出来的东西
03:09
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
03:12
But notice注意 -- this is, of course课程, a popular流行 tourist游客 site现场,
但是,你们可以看到, 这是一个热门的旅游点
03:15
and there are lots of photos相片 around here,
这里有很多照片
03:19
and these photos相片 are all taken采取 at different不同 times.
这些照片是于不同时候拍的
03:21
So this one was taken采取 around five.
这张是早上5点拍的
03:24
So that's the FlickrFlickr的 photo照片,
那是Flickr的照片
03:26
that's our imagery意象.
这是我们的照片
03:28
So you really see how this kind of crowd-sourced众包 imagery意象
这样你可以看见这种群集的图象
03:30
is integrating整合, in a very deep way, into the map地图 itself本身.
是如何合成并深层地融入地图中
03:33
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
03:36
Thank you.
谢谢
03:38
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
03:40
There are several一些 reasons原因 why this is interesting有趣
这之所以很有趣,有几个原因
03:42
and one of them, of course课程, is time travel旅行.
其中之一,是时间旅行
03:44
And I'm not going to show显示 you some of the wonderful精彩 historic历史性 imagery意象 in here,
我就不展示精彩的历史图象
03:46
but there are some with horses马匹 and carriages车厢 and so on as well.
但是其中有马车之类的东西
03:48
But what's cool about this is that, not only is it augmenting增广
但是这之所以很酷, 并不仅仅是因为
03:51
this visual视觉 representation表示 of the world世界
它充实了对大千世界的视觉表达
03:54
with things that are coming未来 in from users用户,
它们从很多人那里汇总再过来
03:56
but it also is the foundation基础 for augmented增强 reality现实,
但同时, 这又是增强现实的基础
03:59
and that's something that I'll be showing展示 you more of in just a moment时刻.
过一会儿我将更多地向你们介绍这项功能
04:03
Now I just made制作 a transition过渡 indoors在室内. That's also interesting有趣.
现在我正在转换进入室内。这也很有趣
04:06
OK, notice注意 there's now a roof屋顶 above以上 us.
请注意我们头上有屋顶
04:10
We're inside the Pike梭子鱼 Place地点 Market市场.
我们现在是在派克市场里面
04:12
And this is something that we're able能够 to do with a backpack背包 camera相机,
这个只要在背包上放一个摄像机就能实现了
04:15
so, we're now not only imaging成像 in the street
所以, 我们不光是用汽车顶上
04:17
with this camera相机 on tops上衣 of cars汽车,
的摄像机对大街成像
04:21
but we're also imaging成像 inside.
而且我们也能对室内成像
04:23
And from here, we're able能够 to do the same相同 sorts排序 of registration注册,
从这里, 我们可以使用各种东西成像
04:27
not only of still images图片, but also of video视频.
不单是用静态的图象,还可以用录像
04:32
So this is something that we're now going to try
我们现在就来试验一下
04:36
for the first time, live生活,
这是我们第一次做直播测试
04:38
and this is really, truly, very frightening可怕的.
这真是,真的,非常可怕
04:40
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
04:43
OK.
04:46
(Ringing铃声)
(电话铃声)
04:48
All right, guys, are you there?
好了,伙计们, 你们在吗
04:50
(Noise噪声)
(噪音)
04:52
All right. I'm hitting it. I'm punching冲孔 play.
好,我上线了,我开始玩了
04:54
I'm live生活. All right. There we go.
直播开始了,好的,开始
04:56
So, these are our friends朋友 in Pike梭子鱼 Place地点 Market市场, the lab实验室.
这是我们现正位于派克市场的朋友们,我们的实验室
04:58
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
05:03
So they're broadcasting广播 this live生活.
他们现在在现场直播
05:12
OK, George乔治, can you pan back over to the corner market市场?
好吧,乔治,你能把镜头移到市场的角落吗?
05:14
Because I want to show显示 points of interest利益.
因为我想展示一下几个兴趣点
05:18
No, no. The other way.
不,不,另外一个方向
05:22
Yeah, yeah, back to the corner, back to the corner.
对了,对了,回到角落,回到角落
05:25
I don't want to see you guys yet然而.
我还不想看见你们呢
05:27
OK, OK, back to the corner, back to the corner, back to the corner.
好吧,好吧,回到角落,回到角落,回到角落
05:31
OK, never mind心神.
好吧, 算了
05:37
What I wanted to show显示 you was these points of interest利益
我想要给你们展示的几个兴趣点
05:40
over here on top最佳 of the image图片
是在顶上的几个图象
05:42
because what that gives you a sense of is the way,
因为这个会让你感觉
05:44
if you're actually其实 on the spot,
你好象就在当地
05:46
you can think about this --
你可以这样想:
05:48
this is taking服用 a step in addition加成 to augmented增强 reality现实.
这是在集结现实的基础上又迈进了一步
05:50
What the hell地狱 are you guys -- oh, sorry.
你们这些家伙在干什么啊?噢,对不起
05:53
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
05:55
We're doing two different不同 --
我们正在做两件不同的事情
05:58
OK, I'm hanging up now.
好吧,我挂了
06:01
We're doing two different不同 things here.
我们正在做两件不一样的事情
06:04
One of them is to take that real真实 ...
他们中的一个正要去拿那个真的......
06:06
(Laughter笑声)
(笑声)
06:08
All right, let me just take a moment时刻 and thank the team球队.
好吧, 让我们停下来感谢咱们的小组成员
06:15
They've他们已经 doneDONE a fantastic奇妙 job工作 of pulling this together一起.
他们出色地完成了这个实验
06:18
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
06:20
I'm going to abandon放弃 them now and walk步行 back outside.
我现在抛弃他们了,接着往外走
06:22
And while I walk步行 outside, I'll just mention提到 that
在我往外走的时候,我得提一下的是
06:25
here we're using运用 this for telepresence网真,
这里,我们把它用做远程进入现场的工具
06:28
but you can equally一样 well use this
但是,你们同时也可以在当地
06:30
on the spot, for augmented增强 reality现实.
把这个当做增强现实的工具
06:32
When you use it on the spot, it means手段 that
当你在景点现场用的时候
06:34
you're able能够 to bring带来 all of that metadata元数据
你就可以把所有的原始数据
06:36
and information信息 about the world世界 to you.
和信息都带到你的所在地
06:38
So here, we're taking服用 the extra额外 step of also broadcasting广播 it.
而我们进一步做的就是把这些东西转播出去
06:40
That was being存在 broadcast广播, by the way, on a 4G network网络
顺便说一下,这是在4G的网络上转播的
06:42
from the market市场.
从市场转播的
06:45
All right, and now there's one last TEDTED talk
好,现在你们看到的是微软做的最后一个TED讲座
06:48
that Microsoft微软 has given特定 in the past过去 several一些 years年份.
这是微软在过去几年里做的一个讲座
06:51
And that's Curtis柯蒂斯 Wong, WorldWide全世界 Telescope望远镜.
那是Curtis Wong,万维望远镜
06:53
So, we're going to head over to the dumpsters垃圾箱,
我们现在朝垃圾箱走去
06:56
where it's traditional传统, after a long day at the market市场,
这也是长时间工作了一天后的传统
06:58
to go out for a break打破, but also stare up at the sky天空.
到外面去小歇片刻, 然后注视着天空
07:01
This is the integration积分
这是合成
07:05
of WorldWide全世界 Telescope望远镜 into our maps地图.
将万维望远镜合成到我们的地图
07:07
(Applause掌声)
(掌声)
07:10
This is the current当前 -- thank you --
这是现在, 谢谢
07:12
this is the current当前 time. If we scrub擦洗 the time,
这是现在,但是如果我们转移时间
07:15
then we can see how the sky天空 will look at different不同 times,
那样我们就可以看见天空在不同的时间是如何变化的
07:17
and we can get all of this very detailed详细
我们可以得到非常详细的
07:20
information信息 about different不同 times, different不同 dates日期:
不同时间,不同日期的信息
07:22
Let's move移动 the moon月亮 a little higher更高 in the sky天空,
让我们把月亮在天空中移得高一点
07:27
maybe change更改 the date日期.
或者改动日期
07:29
I would like to kind of zoom放大 in on the moon月亮.
我想放大月亮的图象
07:33
So, this is an astronomically天文数字 complete完成
所以这是将天空完整的
07:39
representation表示 of the sky天空
天文代表
07:41
integrated集成 right into the Earth地球.
合成到了地球中
07:44
All right now, I've overrun泛滥 my time,
好,我的时间到了
07:46
so I've got to stop.
我必须要停下了
07:48
Thank you all very much.
非常感谢
07:50
(Applause掌声)
(鼓掌)
07:52
Translated by Jenny Yang
Reviewed by Chaoran Yu

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About the speaker:

Blaise Agüera y Arcas - Software architect
Blaise Agüera y Arcas works on machine learning at Google. Previously a Distinguished Engineer at Microsoft, he has worked on augmented reality, mapping, wearable computing and natural user interfaces.

Why you should listen

Blaise Agüera y Arcas is principal scientist at Google, where he leads a team working on machine intelligence for mobile devices. His group works extensively with deep neural nets for machine perception and distributed learning, and it also investigates so-called "connectomics" research, assessing maps of connections within the brain.

Agüera y Arcas' background is as multidimensional as the visions he helps create. In the 1990s, he authored patents on both video compression and 3D visualization techniques, and in 2001, he made an influential computational discovery that cast doubt on Gutenberg's role as the father of movable type.

He also created Seadragon (acquired by Microsoft in 2006), the visualization technology that gives Photosynth its amazingly smooth digital rendering and zoom capabilities. Photosynth itself is a vastly powerful piece of software capable of taking a wide variety of images, analyzing them for similarities, and grafting them together into an interactive three-dimensional space. This seamless patchwork of images can be viewed via multiple angles and magnifications, allowing us to look around corners or “fly” in for a (much) closer look. Simply put, it could utterly transform the way we experience digital images.

He joined Microsoft when Seadragon was acquired by Live Labs in 2006. Shortly after the acquisition of Seadragon, Agüera y Arcas directed his team in a collaboration with Microsoft Research and the University of Washington, leading to the first public previews of Photosynth several months later. His TED Talk on Seadragon and Photosynth in 2007 is rated one of TED's "most jaw-dropping." He returned to TED in 2010 to demo Bing’s augmented reality maps.

Fun fact: According to the author, Agüera y Arcas is the inspiration for the character Elgin in the 2012 best-selling novel Where'd You Go, Bernadette?

More profile about the speaker
Blaise Agüera y Arcas | Speaker | TED.com