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TED2010

Blaise Agüera y Arcas: Augmented-reality maps

Biaise Aguera y Arcas 示範應用增強實境技術的地圖

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於 TED2010 的演講中,Blaise Aguera y Arcas 令人屏氣地示範了來自於微軟的,新的增強實境地圖技術。

- Software architect
Blaise Agüera y Arcas works on machine learning at Google. Previously a Distinguished Engineer at Microsoft, he has worked on augmented reality, mapping, wearable computing and natural user interfaces. Full bio

About a year and a half ago,
大約一年半前,
00:15
Stephen斯蒂芬 Lawler勞勒, who also gave a talk
Stephen Lawler 在 TED 2007 給了一個
00:17
here at TEDTED in 2007 on Virtual虛擬 Earth地球,
關於虛擬地球的演講,
00:20
brought me over to become成為 the architect建築師 of Bing Maps地圖,
也是他使我成爲 Bing 地圖的程式設計師,
00:22
which哪一個 is Microsoft's微軟的 online-mapping在線地圖 effort功夫.
Bing 地圖是微軟對於線上地圖的一次嘗試。
00:26
In the past過去 two and a half, we've我們已經 been very hard at work
過去的兩年半中,我們工作得很努力,
00:29
on redefining重新定義 the way maps地圖 work online線上.
我們試圖重新定義線上地圖是如何工作的。
00:31
And we really are seeing眼看 this in very different不同 terms條款
我們是真正的將它當作一個完全不同的名詞來看待,
00:35
from the kind of mapping製圖 and direction方向 site現場
改變大家過去對於線上地圖只是
00:37
that one is used to.
地圖和方向指引網頁的看法。
00:39
So, the first thing that you might威力 notice注意 about the mapping製圖 site現場
所以, 這個地圖網頁首先引起你注意的
00:41
is just the fluidity流動性 of the zooming縮放 and the panning搖攝,
是流暢的地圖縮放和平移,
00:43
which哪一個, if you're familiar at all with Seadragon海龍,
如果你熟悉「海龍」(Seadragon) 技術,
00:45
that's where it comes from.
這種流暢度就是來自於那個技術。
00:47
Mapping製圖 is, of course課程,
當然,地圖並不僅僅
00:49
not just about cartography製圖,
涉及製圖學,
00:51
it's also about imagery意象.
它也包含影像。
00:53
So, as we zoom-in放大 beyond a certain某些 level水平
所以當我們放大到一定的程度,
00:55
this resolves做出決議 into a kind of Sim City-like市樣
它就轉換成了類似遊戲《模擬城市》般
00:58
virtual虛擬 view視圖 at 45 degrees.
45 度角的虛擬視野。
01:01
This can be viewed觀看 from any of the cardinal樞機主教 directions方向
你可以從任何角度來看它,
01:03
to show顯示 you the 3D structure結構體 of the city, all the facades外牆.
它從各個角度向人們展示了城市的立體結構。
01:05
Now, we see this space空間, this three-dimensional三維 environment環境,
現在, 我們看到這個空間,這個立體的環境,
01:08
as being存在 a canvas帆布 on which哪一個
作爲一塊畫布,
01:14
all sorts排序 of applications應用 can play out,
各式各樣的應用程式都可以在上面進行發揮,
01:17
and map's地圖的 directions方向 are really just one of them.
而用地圖來指引方向,只是這些應用的其中之一。
01:23
If you click點擊 on this, you'll你會 see
如果你點擊這裡,
01:26
some of the ones那些 that we've我們已經 put out, just in the past過去 couple一對 of months個月
你可以看見,我們於過去幾個月中,從我們的地圖服務開放以來,
01:29
since以來 we've我們已經 launched推出.
所推出的東西。
01:32
So, for example, a couple一對 of days after the disaster災害 in Haiti海地,
比如,在海地受災後的幾天內,
01:34
we had an earthquake地震 map地圖 that showed顯示
我們的地震地圖就顯示了
01:36
before and after pictures圖片 from the sky天空.
震災前後的空拍照片。
01:38
This wonderful精彩 one which哪一個 I don't have time to show顯示 you
由於時間的關係,以下這個精彩的應用,我無法示範給你們看,
01:40
is taking服用 hyper-local超本地 blogs博客 in real真實 time
它能於第一時間,從該區域的部落格裡提取內容,
01:42
and mapping製圖 those stories故事, those entries
將部落格中提到的故事和記錄,
01:45
to the places地方 that are referred簡稱 to on the blogs博客.
在地圖上標識出來。
01:47
It's wonderful精彩.
這真的很棒!
01:49
But I'm going to show顯示 you some more candy糖果 sort分類 of stuff東東.
然而,我要給你們看一些比較吸睛的東西。
01:52
So, we see the imagery意象, of course課程,
當然,我們看到圖資,
01:55
not stopping停止 at the sky天空.
不僅僅是停留在空中的視角,
01:59
These little green綠色 bubbles泡泡 represent代表
這些綠色的小泡泡代表了
02:02
photosynthsphotosynths that users用戶 have made製作.
用戶群的像片合成的結果,
02:05
I'm not going to dive潛水 into them either, but photosynthsphotosynths are integrated集成 into the map地圖.
關於像片合成 (photosynths) 以及其與地圖的整合,我也就不深入探究了,
02:07
Everything that's cased套管 in blue藍色
所有的藍色地帶
02:10
is an area where we've我們已經 taken採取 imagery意象 on the ground地面 as well.
都是我們在地面上拍過照的地方,
02:12
And so, when you fly down --
因此, 當你往下飛 —
02:17
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
02:19
Thank you. When you fly down to the ground地面,
謝謝, 當你飛到地表的時候,
02:21
and you see this kind of panoramic全景 imagery意象,
你便可以看見類似的全景圖像,
02:23
the first thing that you might威力 notice注意 is that it's not just a picture圖片,
你第一個會注意到的是,這並不僅是一張照片,
02:26
there's just as much three-dimensional三維 understanding理解 of this environment環境
它能了解這個立體的環境,
02:30
as there is of the three-dimensional三維 city from above以上,
就跟從空中俯瞰的立體城市一樣,
02:33
so if I click點擊 on something to get a closer接近 view視圖 of it,
所以當我點擊目標,靠近觀察,
02:36
then, the fact事實 that that transition過渡 looks容貌 as it does,
事實上,你可看到那個轉換的過程,
02:40
is a function功能 of all of that geometry幾何,
都是這個地圖背後對於幾何
02:43
all of that 3D understanding理解 behind背後 this model模型.
以及立體環境的了解在發生作用。
02:45
Now, I'll show顯示 you a fun開玩笑 app應用
現在,我要爲你們示範一個有趣的程式,
02:49
that -- we've我們已經 been working加工 on a collaboration合作 with our friends朋友 at FlickrFlickr的.
這是我們協同在 Flicker 的朋友一起開發的。
02:52
This takes FlickrFlickr的, georegisteredgeoregistered imagery意象
這個程式將 Flickr 裡有地理位置標籤的圖資,
02:59
and uses使用 photosynth-likePhotosynth的樣 processes流程
使用類似「像片合成」的程序,
03:02
to connect that imagery意象 to our imagery意象, so --
將那些圖資跟我們的圖資連結。
03:05
I'm not sure if that's the one I actually其實 meant意味著 to pull up, but --
我不確定這是我想要找的東西,
03:09
(Laughter笑聲)
(笑聲)
03:12
But notice注意 -- this is, of course課程, a popular流行 tourist遊客 site現場,
但是,你們可以看到, 這是一個熱門的觀光景點,
03:15
and there are lots of photos相片 around here,
這附近有很多照片,
03:19
and these photos相片 are all taken採取 at different不同 times.
這些照片是於不同時間拍的,
03:21
So this one was taken採取 around five.
這張是早上 5 點拍的,
03:24
So that's the FlickrFlickr的 photo照片,
那是 Flickr 的照片,
03:26
that's our imagery意象.
這是我們的照片。
03:28
So you really see how this kind of crowd-sourced眾包 imagery意象
這樣你可以知道,這種由網路社群提供的圖資
03:30
is integrating整合, in a very deep way, into the map地圖 itself本身.
是如何深層的與地圖本身整合在一起。
03:33
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
03:36
Thank you.
謝謝。
03:38
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
03:40
There are several一些 reasons原因 why this is interesting有趣
這之所以很有趣,有幾個原因
03:42
and one of them, of course課程, is time travel旅行.
其中之一,當然,是時光旅行,
03:44
And I'm not going to show顯示 you some of the wonderful精彩 historic歷史性 imagery意象 in here,
我就不示範這些精彩的歷史圖資了,
03:46
but there are some with horses馬匹 and carriages車廂 and so on as well.
但是在那些圖資裡面有馬車之類的東西。
03:48
But what's cool about this is that, not only is it augmenting增廣
這之所以很酷, 並不僅僅是因爲
03:51
this visual視覺 representation表示 of the world世界
它從使用者身上蒐集了取多東西,
03:54
with things that are coming未來 in from users用戶,
並以之充實了對大千世界的視覺呈現。
03:56
but it also is the foundation基礎 for augmented增強 reality現實,
但同時, 這也是增強實境的基礎,
03:59
and that's something that I'll be showing展示 you more of in just a moment時刻.
過一會兒,我將更詳細地向你們介紹這項功能,
04:03
Now I just made製作 a transition過渡 indoors在室內. That's also interesting有趣.
現在我,正在轉換進入室內,這也很有趣,
04:06
OK, notice注意 there's now a roof屋頂 above以上 us.
請注意,現在有屋頂在我們的頭上方了。
04:10
We're inside the Pike梭子魚 Place地點 Market市場.
我們現在是在派克市場裡面,
04:12
And this is something that we're able能夠 to do with a backpack背包 camera相機,
這些圖資是我們使用背負式攝影機所拍攝的。
04:15
so, we're now not only imaging成像 in the street
所以, 我們不光是在街上
04:17
with this camera相機 on tops上衣 of cars汽車,
使用架設在汽車頂上的攝影機拍攝圖資,
04:21
but we're also imaging成像 inside.
我們同時也在室內拍攝。
04:23
And from here, we're able能夠 to do the same相同 sorts排序 of registration註冊,
從這裡, 我們可以使用各種東西來成像,
04:27
not only of still images圖片, but also of video視頻.
不只是用靜態的圖片,也可以用影片。
04:32
So this is something that we're now going to try
我們現在就來試驗一下,
04:36
for the first time, live生活,
這是我們第一次做直播測試。
04:38
and this is really, truly, very frightening可怕的.
這真是,真的,非常可怕。
04:40
(Laughter笑聲)
(笑聲)
04:43
OK.
04:46
(Ringing鈴聲)
(電話鈴聲)
04:48
All right, guys, are you there?
好了,夥計們, 你們在嗎?
04:50
(Noise噪聲)
(噪音)
04:52
All right. I'm hitting it. I'm punching沖孔 play.
好,我上線了,正式開始。
04:54
I'm live生活. All right. There we go.
直播開始了,好的,開始。
04:56
So, these are our friends朋友 in Pike梭子魚 Place地點 Market市場, the lab實驗室.
這是我們現在正位於派克市場的朋友們,我們實驗室的成員。
04:58
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
05:03
So they're broadcasting廣播 this live生活.
他們現在在現場直播。
05:12
OK, George喬治, can you pan back over to the corner market市場?
好吧,喬治,你能把鏡頭移到市場的角落嗎?
05:14
Because I want to show顯示 points of interest利益.
因爲我想示範一下資訊熱點功能。
05:18
No, no. The other way.
不,不,另外一個方向。
05:22
Yeah, yeah, back to the corner, back to the corner.
對了,對了,回到角落,回到角落
05:25
I don't want to see you guys yet然而.
我還不想看見你們呢。
05:27
OK, OK, back to the corner, back to the corner, back to the corner.
好吧,好吧,回到角落,回到角落,回到角落。
05:31
OK, never mind心神.
好吧, 算了。
05:37
What I wanted to show顯示 you was these points of interest利益
我本來想要示範給你們看的是這些資訊熱點
05:40
over here on top最佳 of the image圖片
會層疊在這個圖資上方。
05:42
because what that gives you a sense of is the way,
因爲這會讓你感覺,
05:44
if you're actually其實 on the spot,
彷彿身歷其境 ...
05:46
you can think about this --
你可以這樣想:
05:48
this is taking服用 a step in addition加成 to augmented增強 reality現實.
這是在增強實境的基礎上又邁進了一步,
05:50
What the hell地獄 are you guys -- oh, sorry.
你們這些傢伙在幹什麼啊?噢,對不起
05:53
(Laughter笑聲)
(笑聲)
05:55
We're doing two different不同 --
我們正在做兩件不同的事情,
05:58
OK, I'm hanging up now.
好吧,我要掛了。
06:01
We're doing two different不同 things here.
我們正在做兩件不一樣的事情,
06:04
One of them is to take that real真實 ...
他們中的一個正要去拿那個真的......
06:06
(Laughter笑聲)
(笑聲)
06:08
All right, let me just take a moment時刻 and thank the team球隊.
好吧, 讓我們停下來感謝我們的小組成員,
06:15
They've他們已經 doneDONE a fantastic奇妙 job工作 of pulling this together一起.
他們出色地完成了這個實驗。
06:18
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
06:20
I'm going to abandon放棄 them now and walk步行 back outside.
我現在要拋棄他們了,接下來我往外走,
06:22
And while I walk步行 outside, I'll just mention提到 that
在我往外走的時候,我得提一下的是,
06:25
here we're using運用 this for telepresence網真,
剛剛,我們將這個工具作為遠端視訊會議,
06:28
but you can equally一樣 well use this
但是,你同時也可以在當地,
06:30
on the spot, for augmented增強 reality現實.
把這個當做增強實境的工具。
06:32
When you use it on the spot, it means手段 that
當你在景點現場使用的時候,
06:34
you're able能夠 to bring帶來 all of that metadata元數據
你就可以把所有世界上的原始數據
06:36
and information信息 about the world世界 to you.
和資訊都帶到你的所在地。
06:38
So here, we're taking服用 the extra額外 step of also broadcasting廣播 it.
而這邊,我們更進一步地把這些東西轉播出去。
06:40
That was being存在 broadcast廣播, by the way, on a 4G network網絡
順便說一下,這是在第四代行動通訊 (4G) 網絡上,
06:42
from the market市場.
從市場直接轉播的。
06:45
All right, and now there's one last TEDTED talk
好,現在你們看到的是微軟的一場 TED 演講,
06:48
that Microsoft微軟 has given特定 in the past過去 several一些 years年份.
這是微軟官方在過去幾年裡所給的最後一場 TED 演講。
06:51
And that's Curtis柯蒂斯 Wong, WorldWide全世界 Telescope望遠鏡.
那是 Curtis Wong,全球望遠鏡 (WorldWide Telescope)
06:53
So, we're going to head over to the dumpsters垃圾箱,
我們現在朝垃圾場走去,
06:56
where it's traditional傳統, after a long day at the market市場,
這也是在市場工作一整天結束時的傳統,
06:58
to go out for a break打破, but also stare up at the sky天空.
到外面去小歇片刻, 然後注視著天空,
07:01
This is the integration積分
這是將全球望遠鏡
07:05
of WorldWide全世界 Telescope望遠鏡 into our maps地圖.
整合到我們的地圖中。
07:07
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
07:10
This is the current當前 -- thank you --
這是現在, 謝謝,
07:12
this is the current當前 time. If we scrub擦洗 the time,
這是現在,但是如果我們轉移時間,
07:15
then we can see how the sky天空 will look at different不同 times,
我們就可以看見天空在不同的時間是如何變化的
07:17
and we can get all of this very detailed詳細
我們可以得到非常詳細的
07:20
information信息 about different不同 times, different不同 dates日期:
不同時間,不同日期的資訊,
07:22
Let's move移動 the moon月亮 a little higher更高 in the sky天空,
讓我們把月亮在天空中移得高一點,
07:27
maybe change更改 the date日期.
也許更動日期可以做到。
07:29
I would like to kind of zoom放大 in on the moon月亮.
我想將月亮放大,
07:33
So, this is an astronomically天文數字 complete完成
所以這是將天空中完整的
07:39
representation表示 of the sky天空
天文資訊
07:41
integrated集成 right into the Earth地球.
整合呈現在地球中。
07:44
All right now, I've overrun氾濫 my time,
好,我的時間到了,
07:46
so I've got to stop.
我必須要停下了。
07:48
Thank you all very much.
非常感謝。
07:50
(Applause掌聲)
(掌聲)
07:52
Translated by Jenny Yang
Reviewed by Bill Hsiung

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About the speaker:

Blaise Agüera y Arcas - Software architect
Blaise Agüera y Arcas works on machine learning at Google. Previously a Distinguished Engineer at Microsoft, he has worked on augmented reality, mapping, wearable computing and natural user interfaces.

Why you should listen

Blaise Agüera y Arcas is principal scientist at Google, where he leads a team working on machine intelligence for mobile devices. His group works extensively with deep neural nets for machine perception and distributed learning, and it also investigates so-called "connectomics" research, assessing maps of connections within the brain.

Agüera y Arcas' background is as multidimensional as the visions he helps create. In the 1990s, he authored patents on both video compression and 3D visualization techniques, and in 2001, he made an influential computational discovery that cast doubt on Gutenberg's role as the father of movable type.

He also created Seadragon (acquired by Microsoft in 2006), the visualization technology that gives Photosynth its amazingly smooth digital rendering and zoom capabilities. Photosynth itself is a vastly powerful piece of software capable of taking a wide variety of images, analyzing them for similarities, and grafting them together into an interactive three-dimensional space. This seamless patchwork of images can be viewed via multiple angles and magnifications, allowing us to look around corners or “fly” in for a (much) closer look. Simply put, it could utterly transform the way we experience digital images.

He joined Microsoft when Seadragon was acquired by Live Labs in 2006. Shortly after the acquisition of Seadragon, Agüera y Arcas directed his team in a collaboration with Microsoft Research and the University of Washington, leading to the first public previews of Photosynth several months later. His TED Talk on Seadragon and Photosynth in 2007 is rated one of TED's "most jaw-dropping." He returned to TED in 2010 to demo Bing’s augmented reality maps.

Fun fact: According to the author, Agüera y Arcas is the inspiration for the character Elgin in the 2012 best-selling novel Where'd You Go, Bernadette?

More profile about the speaker
Blaise Agüera y Arcas | Speaker | TED.com