ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Alisa Miller - CEO, Public Radio International (PRI)
As the CEO of Public Radio International, Alisa Miller works to bring the most significant news stories to millions -- empowering Americans with the knowledge to make choices in an interconnected world.

Why you should listen

Alisa Miller wants to define the future of how people will engage with storytelling and technology. She's CEO of PRI, Public Radio International, and is leading the organization’s transformation from a creator and distributor of news and audio into a multiplatform medium that informs and enables millions of people to act on stories that move them. An advocate for global perspectives in the news, she recently launched the Across Women's Lives Initiative at the Clinton Global Initiative to increase news coverage and engagement around global women’s issues.

BONUS: Watch Alisa Miller's talk "We need more women represented in media" on the TED Archive.

More profile about the speaker
Alisa Miller | Speaker | TED.com
TED2008

Alisa Miller: How the news distorts our worldview

Alisa Miller: Berita tentang berita

Filmed:
2,027,441 views

Alisa Miller, Kepala Public Radio International, membicarakan tentang kenapa -- meskipun kita semakin ingin tahu tentang apa yang terjadi di dunia -- media AS justru memberikan lebih sedikit berita internasional. Statistik dan grafik yang membuka mata.
- CEO, Public Radio International (PRI)
As the CEO of Public Radio International, Alisa Miller works to bring the most significant news stories to millions -- empowering Americans with the knowledge to make choices in an interconnected world. Full bio

Double-click the English transcript below to play the video.

00:18
How does the newsberita shapebentuk the way we see the worlddunia?
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Bagaimana berita membentuk cara kita
melihat dunia?
00:22
Here'sBerikut adalah the worlddunia basedberbasis on the way it looksterlihat -- basedberbasis on landmassdaratan.
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4000
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Beginilah rupa dunia berdasarkan bentuknya
-- berdasarkan luas wilayah.
00:28
And here'sini how newsberita shapesbentuk what AmericansAmerika see.
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Dan beginilah berita membentuk
dunia yang dilihat Amerika.
00:35
This mappeta -- (ApplauseTepuk tangan) -- this mappeta showsmenunjukkan the numberjumlah of secondsdetik
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Peta ini -- (tepuk tangan) -- peta ini
menunjukkan jumlah detik
00:49
that AmericanAmerika Serikat networkjaringan and cablekabel newsberita organizationsorganisasi dedicatedberdedikasi to newsberita storiescerita,
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yang didedikasikan pada berita tertentu
oleh organisasi media Amerika,
00:54
by countrynegara, in FebruaryFebruari of 2007 -- just one yeartahun agolalu.
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per negara, pada Februari 2007
-- setahun yang lalu.
00:59
Now, this was a monthbulan when NorthUtara KoreaKorea agreedsepakat to dismantlemembongkar its nuclearnuklir facilitiesfasilitas.
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Ini adalah bulan ketika Korea Utara setuju
untuk melucuti fasilitas nuklir mereka.
01:05
There was massivebesar floodingbanjir in IndonesiaIndonesia.
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Ada banjir parah di Indonesia.
01:09
And in ParisParis, the IPCCIPCC releaseddilepaskan its studybelajar confirmingmengkonfirmasikan man'spria impactdampak on globalglobal warmingpemanasan.
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Di Paris, studi IPCC mengkonfirmasi
peran manusia dalam pemanasan global.
01:17
The U.S. accountedmenyumbang for 79 percentpersen of totaltotal newsberita coveragecakupan.
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AS menempati 79% dari total berita.
01:22
And when we take out the U.S. and look at the remainingyang tersisa 21 percentpersen,
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Dan kalau kita keluarkan AS
dan lihat 21% sisanya,
01:27
we see a lot of IraqIrak -- that's that bigbesar greenhijau thing there -- and little elselain.
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kita melihat banyak sekali Irak --
yang hijau besar -- dan sedikit yang lain.
01:34
The combinedgabungan coveragecakupan of RussiaRusia, ChinaCina and IndiaIndia, for examplecontoh, reachedtercapai just one percentpersen.
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Rusia, China, dan India digabung hanya
menempati 1% berita.
01:42
When we analyzeddianalisis all the newsberita storiescerita and removeddihapus just one storycerita,
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Ketika kita menganalisa berita dan
mengeluarkan satu berita saja,
01:48
here'sini how the worlddunia lookedtampak.
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beginilah tampilannya.
01:50
What was that storycerita? The deathkematian of AnnaAnna NicoleNicole SmithSmith.
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Apa itu? Meninggalnya Anna Nicole Smith.
01:57
This storycerita eclipsedterhalang everysetiap countrynegara exceptkecuali IraqIrak,
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Berita ini menutupi semua negara di dunia,
kecuali Irak,
02:00
and receivedditerima 10 timeswaktu the coveragecakupan of the IPCCIPCC reportmelaporkan.
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dan disiarkan 10 kali lebih banyak
daripada laporan IPCC.
02:06
And the cyclesiklus continuesterus berlanjut;
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Dan siklus ini berlanjut;
seperti yang kita tahu,
Britney cukup banyak disorot belakangan.
02:08
as we all know, BritneyBritney has loomedMenjulang prettycantik largebesar latelybelakangan ini.
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02:11
So, why don't we hearmendengar more about the worlddunia?
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Jadi, kenapa kita tidak mendengar lebih
banyak tentang dunia?
02:14
One reasonalasan is that newsberita networksjaringan have reduceddikurangi the numberjumlah of theirmereka foreignasing bureausBiro by halfsetengah.
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Salah satu alasannya adalah stasiun berita
mengurangi setengah dari biro luar negeri.
02:20
AsideSelain from one-personorang satu ABCABC mini-bureausMini-Biro in NairobiNairobi, NewBaru DelhiDelhi and MumbaiMumbai,
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Selain biro-mini ABC di Nairobi, New Delhi
dan Mumbai dengan hanya satu staf,
02:29
there are no networkjaringan newsberita bureausBiro in all of AfricaAfrika, IndiaIndia or SouthSelatan AmericaAmerika
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tidak ada kantor berita di seluruh Afrika,
India atau Amerika Selatan
02:37
-- placestempat that are home to more than two billionmilyar people.
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-- tempat-tempat dengan lebih dari
2 milyar penduduk.
02:43
The realityrealitas is that coveringpenutup BritneyBritney is cheaperlebih murah.
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Kenyataannya adalah meliput Britney
lebih murah.
02:48
And this lackkekurangan of globalglobal coveragecakupan is all the more disturbingmengganggu
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Dan minimnya liputan berita global ini
sangat mengganggu
02:51
when we see where people go for newsberita.
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ketika kita lihat sumber berita alternatif
02:54
LocalLokal TVTV newsberita loomsalat tenun largebesar,
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Berita TV lokal adalah yang terbesar,
02:58
and unfortunatelysayangnya only dedicatesmendedikasikan 12 percentpersen of its coveragecakupan to internationalinternasional newsberita.
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dan sayangnya hanya 12% liputannya
menyoroti berita internasional.
03:03
And what about the webweb?
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Dan bagaimana dengan internet?
03:05
The mostpaling popularpopuler newsberita sitessitus don't do much better.
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Situs media yang populer juga tidak
lebih baik.
03:09
Last yeartahun, PewPew and the ColombiaKolombia J-SchoolJ-sekolah analyzeddianalisis the 14,000 storiescerita
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Tahun lalu, Pew dan Columbia J-School
menganalisa 14.000 berita
03:14
that appearedmuncul on GoogleGoogle News'Berita' frontdepan pagehalaman.
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yang muncul di halaman depan Google News.
03:17
And they, in factfakta, coveredtertutupi the samesama 24 newsberita eventsacara.
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Dan ternyata, mereka meliput
24 berita yang sama.
03:21
SimilarlyDemikian pula, a studybelajar in e-contente-konten showedmenunjukkan that much of globalglobal newsberita from U.S. newsberita creatorspencipta
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Sebuah studi serupa juga menunjukkan bahwa
kebanyakan berita internasional di AS
03:26
is recycleddidaur ulang storiescerita from the APAP wirekawat servicesjasa and ReutersReuters,
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didaur ulang dari Associated Press dan
Reuters,
03:30
and don't put things into a contextkonteks that people can understandmemahami theirmereka connectionkoneksi to it.
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dan tidak memberikan konteks yang benar
sehingga orang dapat mengerti hubungannya.
03:34
So, if you put it all togetherbersama, this could help explainmenjelaskan why today'shari ini collegeperguruan tinggi graduateslulusan,
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Jadi, kalau digabung, ini menjelaskan
kenapa lulusan universitas sekarang
03:39
as well as lesskurang educatedberpendidikan AmericansAmerika,
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dan orang Amerika yang tidak
sekolah tinggi,
03:41
know lesskurang about the worlddunia than theirmereka counterpartsrekan-rekan did 20 yearstahun agolalu.
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tahu lebih sedikit tentang dunia
dibanding 20 tahun lalu.
03:44
And if you think it's simplysecara sederhana because we are not interestedtertarik,
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Dan jika Anda pikir itu hanya karena kita
tidak tertarik,
03:50
you would be wrongsalah.
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Anda salah.
03:52
In recentbaru yearstahun, AmericansAmerika who say they closelyrapat followmengikuti globalglobal newsberita mostpaling of the time
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Dewasa ini, orang Amerika yang mengatakan
mereka mengikuti berita dunia
03:59
grewtumbuh to over 50 percentpersen.
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bertambah hingga lebih dari 50%.
04:01
The realnyata questionpertanyaan: is this distortedterdistorsi worldviewpandangan dunia what we want for AmericansAmerika
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Pertanyaan sebenarnya adalah: apakah ini
yang kita ingin dilihat Amerika
04:09
in our increasinglymakin interconnectedsaling berhubungan worlddunia?
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dalam dunia yang semakin terhubung
seperti sekarang?
04:12
I know we can do better.
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Saya yakin bukan.
04:15
And can we affordmampu not to? Thank you.
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Dan kita harus memperbaikinya.
Terima kasih.
Translated by Dewi Barnas
Reviewed by Christina Tanoto

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ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Alisa Miller - CEO, Public Radio International (PRI)
As the CEO of Public Radio International, Alisa Miller works to bring the most significant news stories to millions -- empowering Americans with the knowledge to make choices in an interconnected world.

Why you should listen

Alisa Miller wants to define the future of how people will engage with storytelling and technology. She's CEO of PRI, Public Radio International, and is leading the organization’s transformation from a creator and distributor of news and audio into a multiplatform medium that informs and enables millions of people to act on stories that move them. An advocate for global perspectives in the news, she recently launched the Across Women's Lives Initiative at the Clinton Global Initiative to increase news coverage and engagement around global women’s issues.

BONUS: Watch Alisa Miller's talk "We need more women represented in media" on the TED Archive.

More profile about the speaker
Alisa Miller | Speaker | TED.com